Hannah Allen History 2 Coach Jones February 26, 2016 The Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest battle in American history, was the first battle of the civil war fought on Northern territory. It was fought along Antietam Creek, at Sharpsburg, Maryland, and resulted in 23,000 soldiers either killed or wounded in battle. After Second Manassas, General Robert E. Lee went into Maryland, assuming that the possibility of beneficial resources for his cause excused his invasion of the Confederate defensive policy. His complicated plan split his small army. It was doomed from the start when a lost copy of the plan found its way to the Union commander, General McClellan.
Lee began his campaign on June 3, 1863. It aided in the leading of the Battle of Gettysburg because in the early events of the war, the Union authorities were in the dark when it came to Lee’s intentions. When Hooker got word that Confederate troops were collecting about 25 miles northwest of Fredericksburg, he reacted. Hooker called 7,000 of his troopers and 3,000 of his best foot soldiers and gave the orders to “disperse and destroy.” This acted as the first and only offensive that Hooker launched during Lee’s invasion. Lee’s campaign tried to “trick” Union forces by getting them to focus on something else.
In April 1775 British general Thomas Gage ordered his soldiers to destroy American rebel Military stores in Concord, Massachusetts. British and American forces clashed in Concord and Lexington starting the Revolutionary war. The New England state militias firepower forced British general William Howe to abandon Massachusetts in March 1776. A new stage in the war began in June 1776 when the British sailed into New York harbor with an army of 34,000 soldiers forcing the militia to retreat. To counter the british fleet in the harbor, David Bushnell came up with the idea to make a small craft that could slip through british waters and plant explosives on ships.A boat that traveled underwater wouldve been ideal but there were alot of technological barriers.Bushnell eventually overcame the limited technoligy of his time and built a one person submarine.
After General Grant won a key battle at Vicksburg, forces under Sherman headed East toward Meridian. Meridian was a key railroad center. Sherman decided to split his army and meet at Meridian. After it was captured, he would then move on Selma, Alabama. Sherman sent several distractions, to confuse confederate general Polk and also surrounded Mobile Bay so they could not send reinforcements to their confederate counterparts.
Lincoln didn’t have much military experience; he only did his time during the Black Hawk War. He relied heavily on his Union commanders. The Battle of Frist Bull Run broke out; Lincoln was concerned about Washington and gathered 35,000 troops to protect it. Lincoln wanted to dispense confederate solders who were blocking Richmond. The war was one of the biggest battle of this time; he sent 500,000 soldiers, and ordered George B. McClellan to them.
This march has caused major damage to the Confederate economy, transportation system, and their will to win. This determined march started at the captured city of Atlanta to Savannah. It also included, 62,000 troops from the Union Georgia and Tennessee Armies. The troops marched in a 50 mile wide column that brought destruction to whatever it touched. Sherman 's troops destroyed agriculture, industry infrastructures, and civilian owned property; as part of the scorched earth warfare.
Again the panicked British charged and their ranks were broken. Finally, Pakenham shouted, “Over the lines or die!” the British advanced but never subdued the Americans. Back in the American barracks Andrew Jackson was yelling orders as he avenged the death of his family. The highly outnumbered Americans won the battle, the Lobersbacks
The battle of Antietam was near Sharpsburg, Maryland and was on September 17, 1862. This battle was between the Union and Confederates, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan was for the union and Robert E. Lee was for the Confederates. This battle was the single bloodiest day, there were around 25,00 casualties altogether from both the Union side and the Confederates side. A couple engagements of this battle were Battle of Harpers Ferry, during which a portion of the Confederate Army under General Stonewall Jackson captured the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry; and the Battle of South Mountain, which involved three pitched battles McClellan’s Army of the Potomac had to fight to pass through Blue Ridge Mountains to meet Lee’s forces. One of the areas
Importance was that in this battle, Continental Army captured 900 prisoners, which inspired more soldiers to join them (many soldiers were about to leave because of their contract). After the Trenton Battle, George Washington forced toward Princeton, New Jersey. British General Cornwallis rushed to stop them, but Washington’s troops tricked them by leaving their campfires burning, and attacked British soldiers from behind.
Sergeant has reported that there were over twenty-three thousand casualties in the union army, however we dealt a considerable blow to our opposition as well giving the Confederate forces a loss of twenty-eight thousand healthy soldiers. As I look back upon the battlefield we beheld the dead lying there as if the have fallen through resilience. An awful spectacle! Dead comrades and foes, pompous horses, and fragmented
Reading Seymour Hersh 's article, there is a ditch in the village of My Lai. Crowded with dead bodies, dozens of women, old people and children by the American soldiers. Those people fighting in armed conflict. I feel like every war in the past and every war in the future is all the same, but if war resulted in peace now it would be better after hundreds years of death and wars. The crazy part of the war is that people went and made the same mistake over and over again.
The Cause of the Civil War The Civil War was a war between the United States of America, and Southern States that had seceded shortly before the war started. It is stated, by U.S History.com, that one of every twenty-five American men died in this conflict, which totals over 640,000 deaths. This being said, looking at the cause of this major event, that shaped our country, is very important. The one immediate cause of this conflict, that happened April 12, 1861, was the one shot fired at Fort Sumter, between Union soldiers stationed at the fort and Confederate forces outside. It is unknown which side fired the shot, but after this one shot, both sides fired towards each other, starting a war that wouldn’t end for another four years.
In Lincoln 's inaugural speech he said "This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it. Whenever they shall grow weary of the existing Government, they can exercise their 'constitutional ' right of amending it or they are 'revolutionary ' right to dismember or overthrow it"(Abraham Lincoln 's First Inaugural Address). The 12th of April 1861, the Civil War began. There were many conflicts between the two sides. Many believe it was a fight for the rights and freedom of slaves, so what was the main cause of the Civil War was the issue of states rights and the preservation of the Union than rather than the issue of slavery.
He said he was acting for god. He and his followers had killed 5 pro-slavery supporters during “Bleeding Kansas”. In 1859 he attempted to capture an armory at Harper’s Ferry and use the weapons acquired to arm the slaves. A younger Robert E. Lee led U.S. Marines and the raid only lasted less than 2 days. Once captured John Brown was sentenced to hanging and died.