Aristotle founded the idea that all the best arguments have three key parts: ethos, pathos and logos. Translated from latin, this means ethical, emotional and logical. In the play Antigone by Sophocles, the characters frequently make use of these tools when attempting to persuade another character to conform to their beliefs and thoughts. Antigone tries to get her sister, Ismene, to help her in a crime that she believes is just. Haimon attempts to lessen Antigone’s sentence by lecturing his father about what it means to be a good leader, and the Chorus is just trying to help out anyone they can with wise words from a third party opinion. In Antigone, Antigone, Haimon and the Chorus use the appeals from ethos pathos and logos in their attempts
Antigone uses both emotional and logical appeals to persuade her sister, Ismene to go against Creon’s rules and laws, to help honor her brother giving him a proper burial, thus giving him a chance at an afterlife. There brother risked his life for others and Creon allowed one of the men to have a proper burial but not him so while Antigone was trying to get Ismene to help give him what he deserves she said “He is my brother. and he is your brother, too.” (Sophocles et al. 191) This is logically persuasive because it is usually common sense to help your family through everything and to do what 's best for them. By choosing to use logic, Antigone is hoping to get her sister to help her. It is also very emotionally persuasive because shes saying that he 's her brother and
Within this Narrative, Antigone frequently uses the emotional values of others to convince them of what she believes to be right.The first illustration of this phenomenon is when Antigone compares her willingness to face death as the result of giving her brother an honorable burial, to her sister Ismene 's unwillingness in doing the same.The main character feels as though it is her personal and moral obligation to retrieve the afterlife that’s been taken from her brother.Therefore, she does not agree in abiding by Creon 's man-made legislation and makes it her mission to concede to the laws of the gods. Asking for her sister 's help, she hopes to obtain reliability, only to find her too intimidated by Creon, Their uncle, and king. Accordingly, she says to Ismene “You may do as you like since apparently the laws of the gods mean nothing to you” (Page 192 Sophocles Antigone).This sentence uses two rhetorical appeals. First, Antigone 's most manipulated appeal, pathos is demonstrated specifically when she says “ you may do as you like..” (Page 192 Sophocles Antigone).These words make it seem like Ismene is selfish in preserving herself, unlike Antigone 's decision to do the opposite. Antigone uses comparison to herself to make Ismene appear weak and self-serving in return. This technique is persuasive because it appeals to the human need for respect and convinces Ismene along with the audience, by cause of her choices, she lacks in it.Another rhetorical appeal used in the
In the play Antigone, Sophocles demonstrates the conflict between family and God through the characters of Antigone, Ismene and Creon. Antigone being ambitious and strong willed throughout the play, fights for his brothers honor and proper burial while Ismene on the other hand, is more timid fears the consequences that may occur if the laws are broken. For Creon he is the King and holds most power, until the Gods feel he is incapable. Antigone, Ismene and Creon all use logical and emotional appeals to achieve a compromise to either bury Polynices or not.
“ You can 't convince anyone of anything. You can only give them the right information, so that they convince themselves”-Eben Pagan. In the story the characters all try to persuade one another to do to what one believes is right. Antigone begs her sister Ismene for help burying their brother which isn’t allowed to be buried. Ismene is afraid of the consequences yet Antigone doesn’t care about which gets her in serious trouble. Haimon tells his father Creon that killing Antigone is a mistake and that he should try to listen to advice because he doesn’t know everything.Teiresias told Creon the same things as Haimon, but he has to make everything right because he will regret what 's in stored for him. Antigone, Haimon, Teiresias all use logical, ethical and emotional appeals to be persuasive towards a goal.
In Sophocles’ Antigone and “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” both Antigone and Martin Luther King fight and disobey the laws established in order to help others. They show their civil disobedience in different ways, but are defying the laws for similar purposes; to preserve human rights. Both are following the idea that the individual has the duty to defy human laws when they contradict those of higher ideals (“Letter From Birmingham Jail About the History of Civil Disobedience”). They differ in that Antigone tried to reason with Creon, but when that failed she took matters into their own hands, while Martin Luther King used nonviolent campaigns
In this growing world, people have learned to challenge rules and test boundaries to get what they want and to stand up for what they believe in. The play Antigone by Sophocles is an example of a story that tells an important moral of always doing what someone believes is right, despite the consequences. In the story, Antigone confidently gives her brother, Polyneices, a proper burial, despite her uncle Creon's wishes not to do so. Creon finds out and takes actions against Antigone and sentences her to death, resulting in turmoil for his family and city. Creon realizes what mistake he has made and knows that he has overused his power, but he was too late, people he loved died, and Creon had to suffer. The quote, “ Rebellion to tyrants is obedience
I am Antigone. We both fight for the rights of others who cannot do so, like Antigone used her life to avenge and respect her fallen brother, Polyneices. Similarly, I use my privileges in society, such as white skin and moderate affluence, to benefit those who need it most in
“Persuasion is often more powerful than force” once stated by great greek fabulist Aesop, Many of the characters follow this advice throughout the story (“Aesop Quotes”.). As Creon gives a speech to his city he uses ethical appeals in hope to assert his power and make himself look like a trustworthy leader.. Antigone does not listen to this and decides to disobey her uncle, sister Ismene tries to plant logic into her head not to disobey in fear that her sister may end up dying in result. Haemon being both the son of Creon and the fiance of Antigone he should have a hard decision to make but he cannot get behind his father in putting his future wife to death. Ismene, Creon, and Haemon all use the rhetorical appeals of Ethos, Pathos, and Logos to be persuasive towards their goals.
My tableau is from the play Antigone. In this scene, Creon is sentencing Antigone to death. The main aspects to notice in this tableau is the white colored attire, the grey background, the lighting of both Creon and Antigone, and the position of Antigone in relation to Creon. The tableau shows Creon at a higher elevation that Creon in an attempt to assert his power over Antigone. However, Antigone is looking up at Creon without a sign of fear. Her face looks determined and confident. Ultimately, the tableau demonstrates how both Antigone and Creon actions contrast between what is right and what is wrong. In Creon’s perspective, he is in the right for as King he made a declaration that if anyone attempt to bury the traitor, Polynices, then they will be punished with
Antigone has many emotions that caused negativity. A couple major emotions in the play are love, terror, and rage. Each take a role in how Antigone turns out. Like love, love causes the incarceration and death of Antigone, Creon's brother. Creon’s rage is what caused his sister's death, Antigone because he is stubborn when he is mad. Lastly, terror is a big emotion that caused negativity. If Ismene was not scared of Creon and helped bury Polyneices better and would have had a better chance in saving Antigone.
Laws have maintained the order and stability of society from old days of ancient civilization to today’s contemporary society. As law-abiding citizens, we allow the laws to be enforced through punishments and consequences; however, when these laws threaten ethical values and justice, they are challenged in a non-violent method known as “civil disobedience.” In Sophocles’ Antigone, Antigone challenged the political authority of Creon in a defiant act that related the struggles between her duty as a citizen of Thebes and her loyalty to her family. In “Letter from a Birmingham Jail,” written by Martin Luther King, Jr., King protests racial injustices and systemic racism throughout the South and laments the need for civil disobedience to be used
Ismene said that she did not want to help Antigone bury Polyneices and that made Antigone angry. So Antigone said that she did not want Ismene to go, but she really wanted Ismene to go and help her. She was harsh because she abandons her own sister because her sister did not do what she wanted her to do, and she says that she does not want her to go even if she asked. Antigone was rude and helpless when she said, “Leave me my foolish plan” (Scene 1 line 86). She was rude because she abandons Ismene, she was helpless because Ismene was the only person with that would help her, and Ismene said no. Everyone else would've said the same thing Ismene said because they do not want to get in trouble, even if it is the right thing to do. Both of these quotes are examples of verbal irony because in both of the quotes, Antigone meant the opposite of what she said. In both of them, she is telling Ismene that she does not want her to help, but she really wants and needs Ismene to help her. Sophocles included this to show that Antigone’s pride and anger causes her to get caught because she abandoned the person she needed to help her, and her pride causes her to disobey Creon, which got her
“Ismene, I am going to bury him, will you come?” (qtd. in Mirrors & Windows, Prologue, 31) My inference of this quote is that Antigone wants her sister, Ismene, to help her properly bury their brother. She wanted to give her brother a proper burial to honor him, despite Creon’s opinion that “traitors” should not be honored. After burying Eteocles, King Creon found out and punished her. “[To Guards] You, there, take them away and guard them well: For they are but women, and even brave men run When they see Death coming.” (qtd. in 2, 164-166) Creon plans on punishing both Ismene and Antigone, but they aren’t trying to avoid the consequences. Even though Ismene had no part of the crime, she wants to be equal part of the punishment. “Do you refuse me, Antigone? I want to die with you: I too have a duty that I must discharge to the dead.” (qtd. in 2, 137-138) The narrator shows a wider range of opinion. “ When laws are kept,