Further this branch of study of gay/lesbian grew out of feminist theory and feminist studies. This study of gay/lesbian further challenges the idea or concept of normative sexualities. According to one of the articles, once you categorise or label something as “normal”, automatically another category originates which is it’s opposite or let’s say contrast and is labelled as the term “deviant”. Basically in this queer theory we not only study about homosexualities but all those groups which are
In my dissertation I will show the representation of transsexual FtM (female to male) characters and the response of the audiences who identify as non-cisgender. I will show that representation in media is important, therefore I will underline the obstacles that appear in queer cinema. Moreover, I will explore the idea of the character’s identity and relatability to the film viewers. I will focus on the issues that are present in films that could be labelled as “trans’ or “queer”. By explaining these terms, I will link the issues that queer cinema has to deal with, underlining the importance of choosing queer cast for queer films.
Postmodern Feminism Essay Whether sexuality and gender are learned or based in nature has been, and continues to be, a highly debated question with in our society. There are individuals that believe sexuality and gender are innate, meaning that we are born into them. On the other hand, some individuals believe that our sexuality and gender are learned, that they are socially constructed. The latter belief is known as gender performativity, coined by Judith Butler, and is a widely held belief among postmodern feminists. Throughout this essay, I will be analyzing a cultural artifact to further explore the theories of postmodernist feminists, specifically gender performativity.
There are also superficial criticisms like those who claim that behind all this there are only some people who think they sound more interesting defining themselves as queer rather than as lesbian or gay. Nevertheless, what cannot be ignored is that queer people seek a world of equal rights between different people: it advocates that everyone can be who they are, as it is. People cannot be stereotyped because of their sexual preference. Nobody has to their life according to the stupid rules society once invented to give sense to something seen for the first time, like a gay man in the 60s. The word "queer" that began as a label or something very offensive and often used for discriminatory or offensive purposes, became a word for members of the gay community without offensive purposes.
Solanas satirizes the argument that patriarchal society has used, namely that women and men are inherently different, but positions women in a favourable position. They will be, for once, the ones profiting from the created discourse, with no scientific foundation whatsoever, just like the rhetoric that has been used to oppress and suppress women. Although I agree with the editorial collective of Questions féministes, a French journal on radical feminism, that women are being imprisoned in a reductive and sexist ideology, I challenge their assumption that the only way to fight their oppression is by imitating their methods of separation. Politicizing anatomy by excluding men from their groups does not, I argue, achieve their aims of creating
Subtle sexism is the unconscious sexism in our society that tends to be passive, in that it is so entrenched in society it is considered ordinary. Swim et al. (2004) define subtle sexism as representing “unequal and unfair treatment of women that is not recognized by many people because it is perceived to be normative, and therefore does not appear unusual” (p. 117). It is often through language that subtle sexism appears. When people state “he” did something instead of “he or she” or “one”, when the statement is meant for all genders, they are using gendered language that is exclusive to women.
Alissa Quart from New York magazine defines hipster sexism as “the objectification of women but in a manner that uses mockery, quotation marks, and paradox.”. Additionally, hipster sexism is associated with the use of irony and satire to suppress women. Although, a majority of hipster males and females claim to be feminists, hipster sexism is ironically prevalent in the sub-culture. Hipster sexism is ironic because hipster sexism is usually done by those who “should know better” or those who identify as a feminists and politically progressive people who would condone classic sexism. Hipster sexism is commonly executed with a sexist insult but in a funny way making it seem as if sexism is acceptable because “its just a joke” which is different from classic sexism in which someone may say that being raped is the victim’s fault.
They wrote, “All wickedness is but little to the wickedness of a woman” (183). This shows that Sprenger and Kramer believed that not only were women wicked but they were more evil than “all wickedness.” The authors quote several others throughout the book, and use their words to back up their own misogyny. They quote Seneca as having said, “when a woman thinks alone, she thinks evil” (183). Again the writers attempt to persuade the public that women like demons and devils are naturally evil. They seem to believe that women are inherently malevolent, and unredeemable.
The raped woman’s gender performance was wrong, it sent the wrong signals. Mackinnon also uses the language of reference objects, writing that porn purports to tell “the truth about sex” (3, 1985). That “truth” is the sexiness of violence and hierarchy. Pornography is a visual reference that tells the viewer what woman is, as if a pictorial dictionary. The image of the woman presented in porn represents “true” woman and is internalized as woman by the man (4, 1985).
“A postfeminist political fantasy… [that] ultimately undermine[s] feminist politics by denying the material consequences of sexism, [and] displacing stories about the misogyny that constrains women in politics.” (Anderson and Sheeler, 2014, p.233), quotes Rhode and Dejmanee in the article. Sexism is a major motivation of feminists. It is what started the movement in the first place. Personally taking into consideration Clinton’s act of creating a nurturing female image as a political candidate, she creates a safe space for those who view themselves as unsafe and she advocates and aims to beat the sexism that prevails in the country. While Clinton is putting a woman’s mark on presidentialism and breaking boundaries on the stigma of male presidency, she uses the history of female marginalism and oppression as a way to gather voters, supporters, and followers who have the same standpoint on gender equality as she