Introduction McCloy considered the validity of provisions in Election Funding, Expenditures and Disclosed act 1981 (NSW) ("the EFED Act.") and it has been accepted that restrictions on donations to candidates and parties is constitutional. This paper analyses the implications of the McCloy for the implied freedom of political communication. In Unions NSW v New South Walese the argument was about the rational connection between the challenged provisions (EFED act) and the legitimate end. McCloy case however was more focused on political donations and preventing undue influence and corruption of the government.
To maintain fair competition in the thousands of businesses and industries throughout the United States, antitrust laws and trade regulations were created. Antitrust laws have been enacted at both the state and the federal level. These laws prohibit unfair competition between individuals and entities, as well as unfair or deceptive practices that may cause harm to consumers. What times of behaviors and actions does the government prohibit? The Sherman Antitrust Act, or the Sherman Act, is a law that was created over a century ago to stop businesses from combining in such a way that may damage competition.
Roosevelts New Nationalist sought national unity with government coordinating and regulating, not destroying big business. Wilsons, New Freedom warned that concentrated economic power threated liberty and insisted that monopolies should be broken up. Woodrow Wilson’s election in 1912 ushered in a second wave of reforms in the nation level. Wilson expanded the government’s regulatory powers over business through the Clayton Antitrust Act and a bill creating the Federal Trade Commission. Through the
An example of this branch checking another branch June 26, 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that section three of the “Defense of Marriage Act" is unconstitutional and that the government can’t discriminate against married L/G couples in deciding federal protection or benefits. The Judicial Branch rightfully checked this Congress law in an attempt to stop governmental prejudice. An instance of the Judicial Branch being checked is 1805 Associate Justice Samuel Chase was impeached due to expressing his strict federalist ideas in the court and the idea of Judges serving for life irritating Thomas Jefferson; The House of Reps passed the articles of impeachment, and then was acquitted by the Senate. This shows that the other branches have the right (with the right resources) to impeach Supreme Court justices if they step out of
Since the 1940’s, the Democratic Party has believed in regulating business and trade. The very title of NAFTA gives away the fact that it is deregulating trade and promoting free trade instead, and this idea went against what the Democratic Party stood for. The question then becomes, why did Clinton support NAFTA? (Democratic Party Platforms: 1992 Democratic Party Platform). Obviously, it was against the Democratic Party’s ideals, as well as against the wants of the groups that majorly funded the Democratic Party.
There was a clear lesson here: immigration regulation is a matter for the federal government. Any attempt to regulate immigration laws where Congress had already regulated it even interrelated efforts, are unconstitutional. In later cases, the Court made it distinct that there is opportunity for state and local participation in the regulation of the lives of immigrants, although not inevitably in the regulation and enforcement of laws governing the movement of immigration itself. In the case of DeCanas v. Bica (1976), the question that the Court was given was whether a California law that established sanctions on business owners who hired non-citizens unofficial to work in the United States violate on federal immigration powers. The Court disapproved
Deceptive Advertising and the Federal Trade Commission The Federal Trade Commission, a government-sanctioned agency with the mission and power to protect consumers from unfair business practices, have created the standards and regulations for deceptive advertising (Federal Trade Commission[FTC], 2007). Deceptive advertising has been ruled by the FTC (1983) to be: “a representation, omission or practice that is likely to mislead the consumer acting reasonably in the circumstances, to the consumer 's detriment” (para. 8). This statement has been reprinted by Zelezny, attorney and senior public relations executive, in his textbook, Communications Law: Liberties, Restraints, and the Modern Media (Zelezny, 2011, p. 507). The purpose of this paper
Environmental injustice would more or less be considered a violation of civil rights, according to the Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 “prohibits discrimination based on race or national origin in federally funded programs and activities” (Fisher, 1995, p. 287). People could sue a company for stripping them of their civil rights. This headway in legal actions have resulted in polices like; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA, also known as Superfund) and the 1986 Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) (Brulle & Pellow, 2006). When people started pushing back and demanding blame, it created more area of funds for hazardous waste cleanup and making sure there is a better monitoring
A on international economics there are various methods used by governments to restrict the flow of international trade in order to create trade protection. Trade protection has government intervention in international trade with the impositions of some barriers, that prevent the free entry of imports or to protect the domestic economy of a country. The article is about how the United States department of commerce is imposing a tariff on Argentinean biodiesel of the 71% to 72% depending on the price. This is being done because the argentinean producers has been accused of dumping, this affecting the biodiesel industry. A tariff is a tax that is imposed on an imported good,
Protection is offered by the national governments to their domestic industries is in the form of Tariff and Non-Tariff measures. Governments with a view to restrict imports and protect home industries impose these measures. For instance: Antidumping Measures of EU and NAFTA Members against East Asian countries. Limiting access to businesses while being in accordance with the WTO guidelines is extremely