He explains to the people of Rome how Caesar couldn’t have been an ambitious man; he has turned down a crown three times. Brutus and Antony use persuasion throughout the play to explain further on why Brutus helps kill Caesar and how Antony gets the people of Rome to turn against Brutus. First, Brutus tells the people of Rome that he had only killed Caesar so they could finally all be free from his power. For example, when Brutus says,”not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved/ Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living, and/ die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live all/ freemen?”(3.2.23-26).
In Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, Antony implicitly challenges Brutus’ defense of why he killed Caesar by imparting a message of the humility and goodness of Caesar to the plebeians most effectively through the use logos, or reason, through explanations and physical evidence. For example, Antony began his speech with examples of how Caesar wasn’t ambitious, as Brutus suggested, by bringing up an occasion that the plebeians witnessed of when“on the Lupercal I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition? Yet Brutus says he was ambitious” (Shakspeare 3.2. 97-100).
This appeals to the Plebeians emotion making them feel as if Brutus’ recognition of Caesar justifies his death. Last, Brutus uses logos to make the Plebeians question if they would “rather Caesar/ were living, and die all slaves, than that Caesar were/ dead, to live all freemen? (III.ii.22-24). This makes the Plebeians believe Brutus’ compassion towards the people made him kill Caesar. It justifies that Brutus only killed Caesar for the greater good of Rome.
Brutus is faced with a serious decision in Act II. Brutus states, “It must be by his [Caesar] death; and for my part, I know no personal cause to spurn at him but for the general. He would be crowned.”, and “Th’ abuse of greatness is when it when it disjoins remorse from power; and, to speak truth of Caesar. I have not known when his affections swayed more than his reason.” Brutus was faced with the decision if he should kill Caesar or let him live. He came to the conclusion that killing Caesar was the right thing to do, not just for himself but for the public’s greater good.
After the death of Julius Caesar, the people of Rome demanded an answer. An audience gathered to hear both the speeches of Brutus and Mark Antony, since Brutus allowed Antony to speak. Brutus went first, trying to persuade the crowd to realize this was a necessary evil. Mark Antony went after Brutus and took a different approach. He used pathos, which means he appealed to the audiences emotions and feelings.
).” This quote shows that Brutus is considering betraying his best friend. Then later in act two Brutus says “The only way is to kill Caesar. I have no personal reason to strike at him—only the best interest of the people.”(2.1.10) which shows that he has given in and is agreeing to kill Caesar for Rome. Once Brutus betrays his dear friend Caesar it causes all kinds of turmoil in Rome. One example of the turmoil it cause in Rome was it started a war between the conspirators and their followers and Antony and Octavius and his followers.
Throughout the story, Brutus was one of the few characters that understood the way power could change a man. He feared that Caesar would become a tyrant with all his new power and that Rome would suffer from his rule. He states this multiple times in the story. During Caesar’s funeral, Brutus states “Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more,” (JC 3.2.23). It is clear to see here that Brutus was justified in killing Caesar because his intentions are good.
While some may argue that Brutus embodies these qualities, Brutus allowed flattery and ambition to corrupt his ideas. “Brutus and Caesar: what should be in that ‘Caesar’? Why should that name be sounded more than yours?” (1.2.140). Brutus allowed Cassius to talk him into killing Caesar, and believed that he should be loved and supported as much as Caesar. Brutus knew that with Caesar out of the way, he would become the people's
Having to choose between his loyalty to Rome and his loyalty to his close friend, Brutus shows what is more important to him by finally killing Caesar. In Act I, Brutus tells Cassius, “What means this shouting? I do fear the people/Choose Caesar for their king” (Shakespeare I.ii.85-86). Brutus fears that Caesar will be crowned king, which contradicts the values of the Roman Republic. And after some persuading from the conspirators and Cassius, Brutus finally joins in on the act to kill Caesar before he can do any damage to Rome.
Your friend or your country, this decision is burdensome and a choice that Brutus needed to make. In the play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, readers are confused about Brutus being a patriot or a traitor. Brutus most certainly is a patriot considering even Antony said that he truly had good intentions. Although this may be true, some people view Brutus as a traitor due to him killing Caesar, claiming he was ambitious and Antony easily disproved this. Contrary of what some people think, Brutus is a patriot because he killed Caesar to free Rome from his rule, Antony even stated that he did not act out of jealousy and was noble.