The Mightiest Pharaohs of History Zoser, Khufu, and Ramses The Second where considered to be the mightiest pharaohs of Egypt. Starting with Zoser, and the step pyramid, which for the time was a gigantic achievement. No other structure back then could surpass it. Next was Khufu, who made the great pyramid of Giza. Giza was said to be the staircase to the sun.
The monumental pyramids of Ancient Egypt are perhaps the most famous tombs in the world. The following details how the pyramids were constructed and used, the most famous pyramids and recent archaeological discoveries. There are four different types of tombs, the simple pit grave, mastabas, rock cut chapels and finally last but not least we have pyramid tombs. Early on, the Egyptians built Mastabas, tombs made out
No pyramids are more celebrated than the Great Pyramids of Giza, located on a plateau on the west bank of the Nile River, on the outskirts of modern-day Cairo. The oldest and largest of the three pyramids at Giza, known as the Great Pyramid. (EGYPTIAN PYRAMIDS) Tomb robbers and other vandals in both ancient and modern times removed most of the bodies and funeral goods from Egypt’s pyramids and plundered their exteriors as well. Stripped of most of their smooth white limestone coverings, the Great Pyramids no longer reach their original heights; Khufu’s, for example, measures only 451 feet high. Nonetheless, millions of people continue to visit the pyramids each year, drawn by their towering grandeur and the enduring allure of Egypt’s rich and glorious past.
Egypt along with Mesopotamia were two of the world 's earliest city-based civilizations, establishing the foundation for Middle Western and Eastern history. Though they shared many broad similarities, such as polytheistic religions, written traditions and agricultural society, they also had many differences. These contrasts were to do with geographic alignment, political organization, cultural emphases, and other aspects. This has impacted innovative thinking and was the start of architectural evolution and is still used in twenty-first century design, and comprehensive planning. “Monumental architecture is any structure of which its scale and elaboration exceed or surpass the requirements of any practical functions and purpose that a building in intended to perform.”(Trigger, 1990).
For almost 30 centuries, from its unification (around 3100 B.C.) to its conquest by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C., ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization in the Mediterranean world. From the great pyramids of the old kingdom to the military conquest of the new kingdom, Egypt 's majesty has long intrigued archaeologists and historians. It has even created a vibrant field of study of it 's own, Egyptology. One of the most well known things about ancient Egypt are the pyramids.
Witnessing Moses part the Red Sea wasn’t the only amazing thing Ramses the Second did. Ramses the Second was known throughout history to be one of the best Pharaohs that ever ruled over Egypt. His master architecture skills and warlike hero aspects gave him the name Ramses the Great. Ramses the Second was an excellent war hero, architect, and very skilled at making the economy of Egypt thrive. Many of his amazing temples and statues still amaze people today.
It remains the best preserved roman structure to date being the only structure of its size and age to have survived intact. The lighting in the pantheon changes based on the time of day casting shadows differently throughout the day, while the vertical as well as the horizontal lines perfectly draw attention the oculus, these artistic elements as well as its rich history are what keeps this structure in use today. The pantheon is a combination of the Roman rotunda and Greek portico designs to form a temple of all the gods from which it gets its namesake. The focal point of the pantheon is undoubtable the compression ring situated 142ft off the temple floor atop the concrete dome called the Oculus. While the Oculus is structural it also provides an artistic element in addition to functioning as the sole source of natural lighting in the structure.
Regional Context & Natural Features The river lay heavily upon the desert, bright as a spill of molten metal from a furnace. (Smith, 2007, first published in 1993) The great river Nile! It is at the core of the story of Egyptian Civilization; a grand tale of intrigue and magnificence. The Hapi is the deification of the Nile, and the goddess of the harvest. “The two kingdoms of Egypt and all the peoples in them depend utterly upon her and the periodic flooding of the great river which is her alter ego.” (Smith, 2007, first published in 1993) The desert tribes, stumbled across the spellbinding Nile, and settled down on its banks.
The Aztec Civilization dates back from 1427 all the way to 1521, about 94 years. The Aztecs were a very great, imaginative and they invented many new technologies and activities. There were activities that the Aztec nation did and they also have a very rich and captivating history that still impresses people around the world until this day.The Aztecs culture was filled with inspiration and refinement. Firstly they made very interesting art, poetry and architecture. Furthermore, the Aztecs had also developed many different type of technologies that we used today, such as the calendar systems, mathematical systems and even the form of astronomy.
HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION ~ A chance to advance ~ The Indus Valley civilization was a culture that developed in the bronze-age during 3300-1300 BC. Primarily located in the north western area between Indus basin and Punjab, this largest civilization extended over a region of 1 million km2. Considered to be one of the premature cultures alongside Mesopotamia and Egypt, Indus Civilization flourished with a population of 5 million. The main contributions of this society included metallurgy and handicraft. The cities were notably famous for their brick buildings, roadside drainage facility and multi-floored residences.