A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM SCREENING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM TO DERTIMINE WHAT PERCENTAGE OF MEN SCREENED HAVE AN ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM
Approximately 6000 men die every year from a ruptured aortic aneurysm in England and Wales.(Brownsward and Earnshow 2010). The NHS Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm screening programme was introduced as a systematic national population-based screening programme with the aim of reducing deaths from ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm through early detection, appropriate monitoring +treatment (aaa.screening.nhs.uk). All men aged 65 and over are invited to attend for screening.
The aim of this study is to determine the percentage of abdominal aortic aneurysms (now onwards referred to as AAA) detected as a result of the screening programme. …show more content…
Annals of internal medicine.2014.Online first.28 Jan
• Timothy Jang et al (2013) Bedside ultrasonography evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Emedicine.medscape.com/article/197715
• Moncef-zarrouck et al (2013) the importance of socio-economic factors for compliance and outcome at screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm in 65 year old men.
Journal of vascular surgery. July 2013.vol 58.issuel
• Singh k (2001) prevalence of and risk factors for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a population based study.M.aje.oxfordjournals.org
• Diane smelser et al (2014) population risk factor estimates for abdominal aortic aneurysm from electronic medical records: a case control study.BMC cardiovascular Disorders.14:174
• S.svensjo et al (2012) current prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysm in 70 year old woman. British Journal of surgery. Nov 2012.
• V.K.A walker et al (2000) quantifying the risk of hypertension, age, sex, and smoking in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. British Journal of surgery. Feb 2000. Vol
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
While screening tests are tremendously vital and have proved life-saving on countless occasions to ensure that individuals do not unknowingly have a certain disease, they are not always necessary. For example, this is seen in the screening test for Prostate cancer, called the Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test. As of today, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) does not universally recommend that men get screened for Prostate cancer. The USPSTF is an important and relevant organization to follow for screening guidelines because it works to improve the health of all Americans through striving to make accurate, up-to-date, and relevant recommendations about preventative services in primary care.
5. In up to 30% of cases, double-rupture may occur, which means rupture of the aneurysm into the lesser sac, followed by intraperitoneal rupture. 6. Rupture involving the splenic vein, the gastrointestinal tract, or the pancreatic ducts.
There are many factors contributing to Simon’s case, such as the national bowel screening kit, Simon and his mental well-being, his support system; Jane and his family, the healthcare professionals involved in his care, Simon’s history, PTSD and smoking habits. It is important for factors to a person’s health and cancer to be identified so they can be considered and treated to improve a person’s quality of life (Gray et al. 2011, p. 1697). The national bowel screening kit is a part of many health promotions the Australian government provides for men. The department of Health has a national health policy for men and spends a total of 16.7 million dollars on health programs and promotion for men (The Department of Health 2014).
“What actions will you take to evolve the sectors of technology and science once you graduate?” Improvement in the subject of technology and science has advanced the lives of people than ever before. The area of technology and science positively affects people’s way of living on one hand and it negatively affects people’s health on the other hand. Per the CDC Health Disparities & Inequalities Report – United States, 2013, Vol.62, Supplement No. 3, pages 1-187, published in Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) Supplement on November 22, 2013: • Non- Asian racial/ ethnic minorities continue to experience higher rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnoses than whites.
The cost of health insurance is quickly on the rise, and employers and employees alike are feeling the financial weight. A large portion of high medical claims are associated with obesity and lifestyle choices, some of which can be reduced by making healthy changes. Due to the rise in cost, many employers are rewarding employees for participating in health screenings that measure things such as body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar levels, lifestyle choices such a tobacco or excessive alcohol use, exercise, mental health, and amount of sleep. Employees can impact the cost of their healthcare by learning about their health risks, making lifestyle changes, and becoming accountable for their own health. Upon completing
Najla Morshidi NURS 301 Case Study Health History and Analysis of Finding A 75 year old female patient alert and oriented X 3, weigh 115 Lbs, her height 5?8?? , has a hearing aid and wear glasses for reading. The presented Patient has a history of hypertension diagnosed with CHF on 2013, positive for Hepatitis B due to contaminated blood transfusion. Had a cervical dysplasia on 1994 resolved by a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy the following year.
As an aneurysm increases in size, the risk of rupture increases leading to uncontrolled bleeding. Although they may occur in any blood vessel particularly lethal examples include aneurysms of the Circle of Willis in the brain, aortic aneurysms affecting the thoracic aorta and abdominal aortic aneurysms. Classification: Aneurysms
An ultrasound technician can specialize in cardiovascular, breast, nervous, gynecologic, cervical, and numerous other studies that contribute in the internal detection of foreign bodies or medical abnormalities, such as blood clots and tumors (“Job Outlook”). With ultrasounds serving as a non-invasive procedure, aside from transvaginal ultrasounds, patients can receive information about internal issues before they develop into an irreversible or permanently debilitating issue. Consequently, an ultrasound technician’s abilities assist with many different professions and typically follow with a patient’s medical progression. Therefore, job security and job progression is expected to increase by 46 percent between the years of 2012 and 2022 (“Job Outlook”). Considering ultrasound technicians commonly specialize in abdominal sonography, which is used to evaluate the progress of pregnancy, there is a continuous need for these technicians to continue and prosper in their
Ryan Hogan OT-525 9-21-15 While taking the health risk assessment I knew right from the start that some of the information would be off. The assessment asked about things such as blood pressure and cholesterol, and I do not know these measures right of the top of my head. While looking at the results, it stated that I am at risk of dying within the next 10 years. When comparing my risk percentages to the average 27 year old male, I did very well and was average compared to the others. However one factor that I scored above average on was the chance of a heart attack.
Final Thesis The Baby Boomer era has decreased since War War 1, leaving mostly the government and Canadians distress about how this event will impact societies economy and the debts our generation has to pay. Supporting argument #1 With the peak in births during the Baby Boomer era, this has resulted in financial instability within society. Supporting argument #2 Society as a whole is experience difficulties managing the effects of the aging Baby Boomers. Introduction During the 1947 to 1965, about 76.4 million children were born, this phenomenon was eventually labeled as the Baby Boom (Canadian Encyclopedia).
Type 2 diabetes rates have been rising in Canada and around the world and are due to excessive weight gain, obesity and physical inactivity. It is known as a disease where the pancreas does not produce enough insulin in the body, therefore resulting in glucose building in the blood whereas it should be used for energy. According to the World Health Organization, the number of people with diabetes in Canada will increase by 75% over the next 30 years from 2 million to 3.5 million patients. Moreover, diabetes is a rising concern as it leads to diseases such as heart, and kidney disease, stroke, infections and low levels of blood sugar. This paper explores the issues of diabetes and solutions to prevent it by increasing physical
Prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer in Australia as reported by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2015). Despite the high survival rates in Australia (93%), it is estimated that the number of male deaths from prostate cancer will increase in 2015 (AIHW 2015). This disease has been recognized for high rates of mortality in elderly men of particular ethnicities. This report aims to adopt a Marxist perspective to analyse the issue of prostate cancer, in proposing that The number of men diagnosed with prostate cancer has grown considerably in the course of recent decades. According to Moyer (2012), the advance in screening methods, such as the Serum Prostatespecific Antigen (PSA), acknowledged as the most reliable biological