Christopher Columbus sailed to the New World in search of a new trade route to India. But instead he came to the New World, thinking he landed in India. Not knowing where he was, Columbus called the natives 'Indians’. Columbus began colonizing the New World for his country, Spain. He brought back precious metals, animals, and disease back and forth between continents.
The Mongol conquest started in early thirteenth century and ended early 1400s, encompassing most of Asia during these period. Another significant invasion that involved the European and the Americas occurred starting in 1450. Both the nomadic and European expansion immensely impacted their subject population by bringing destruction through diseases. Although the Mongols did not attempt to spread a faith, the Europeans were in search of new Christian converts. While the Europeans’ purpose was to look for direct contact with Asian trade routes, their introduction of the Americas to Afro-Eurasia led to a greater phenomenon, globalization.
They were amongst the countries to colonize the newfound America. Like many other European countries they entered a foreign country and claimed it as theirs with no regards of the people already living there. When we talk about the British Empire, we actually have two different Empires. The first Empire was from 1450-1800, and the main focus was on America. The colonies were then seen as places to trade, not as markets which produced raw materials.
Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold. Conquistador is basically a record of the last days of the Aztec civilization, as the two groups, the Aztecs and the Spaniards, clash, and the Spaniards ultimately come out on top.
During the United States’ infancy, many French influences began to affect American policies. France colonized the middle of the United states from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains to New Orleans. This vast land colony was lost after the peace treaty following the Seven Years War. Forced to cede their American lands to the English and Spanish, France never forgot their prized possession. Choiseul’s plan to recover the lands started with the unrest in America before the American Revolution, “In 1766, Choiseul ordered Edmé Genet to send a naval officer-turned-spy— Sieur Pontleroy— to America to evaluate colonist dissatisfaction and determine whether French arms and money might help incite rebellion.”
1.Hernando Cortes-Conquistador and explorer who defeated the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain. He first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. Cortés later joined an expedition to Cuba in 1518. After he set off to explore Mexico aslo in 1518. King Charles Is appointed him governor of New Spain in 1522 after Hernando Cortes is overthrown.
After the War of 1812, neo-colonialism started to decline within the United States and a whole new approach to foreign and domestic policy began with the ushering in of a new political culture. With the war over and European interests shifted from the Americas to Africa and Asia it left the United States with the ability to focus on internal affairs such as building the economy, reform, and expansion within the continent. (Nash, et al., 2007. , p. 270) The War of 1812 also had the effect of strengthening American nationalism and when Spain seemed to renew its interest in rebuilding it’s American empire with the help of other European powers the Monroe Doctrine was born.
In an era when spices were just as sought after as precious silks, several countries participated in a race to find trade routes to Asia. Christopher Columbus imagined a path across the Atlantic, one that led to a dead end: the Americas. Suddenly, the goal of the race changed. Countries began searching for a strait that connected the Atlantic and the Pacific, opening a route to the Spice Islands. Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese cartographer and sailor, looked to Spain for support on an expedition to the Spice Islands.
In 1492, supported by Spain and tasked with finding a westward route to Asia by sea and negotiate trade agreements, Christopher Columbus discovered the New World. After two more voyages to the New World, Columbus died in 1506 thinking he had discovered a route to Asia. Not until another explorer by the name of Amerigo Vespucci came to South America, did the Europeans discover they had stumbled upon an entirely different continent. Entry 2 Where did the Spanish settle in the New World?
4: Bibliography Primary: Gin Towns as sourced in: Rodgers, Nicholas Mayhem: Post War Crime and Violence in Britain, 1748-53, (Yale University Press, 2013) pp. 153-154 ‘Heads of a Plan’ as cited in: Martin, George the Founding of Australia: The Argument about Australia’s Origins (Hale and Iremonger, 1978), pp. 1-7 Arthur Phillip, as cited in Barton, George and Bladen, Frank, History of New South Wales from the Record: Phillip and Grose, 1789-1794, (Charles Potter, 1894) Dallas, Ken Trading posts or penal colonies: the commercial significance of Cook’s New Holland route to the Pacific, (Fullers Bookshop, 1969)
It’s the 16th century, the nasty King of England ordered a group of settlers to explore the new found world. After a treacherous travel along the pacific, the settlers found present day America, and called a colony “Jamestown” in 1607, making it the first permanent English colony. This started a series of adventure to make America an independent country from England. Creating America was like trying to create a beautiful masterpiece by an artist; it was destined to have mistakes that needed to be fixed and tweaked. The foundational events in the development of America were a settlement, revolution, and government.
Starting in the Mid-15th century, many European nations sent out explorers in order to find new sea routes, as well as new territories. That’s how Christopher Columbus stumbled upon the West Indies and therefore indirectly opened up the New World for others to explore. On the quest to create more wealth for their own nation through mercantilist policies, Europeans, as well as different religious groups, colonized the New World one by one. In the process of colonizing, when the European nations realized they needed a workforce to support the production of their cash crops, they brought over African slaves as part of the Columbian exchange which in turn introduced a solution - and a new problem.
Borrowing heavily to finance the war, he paid Prussia to fight in Europe and reimbursed the colonies for raising troops in North America. With the fall of Montreal in September 1760, the French lost their last foothold in Canada. Soon, Spain joined France against England, and for the rest of the war Britain concentrated on seizing French and Spanish territories in other parts of the world. At the peace conference in 1763, the British received Canada from France and Florida from Spain, but permitted France to keep its west Indian sugar island and gave Louisiana to Spain.
1. Christopher Columbus- was a Spanish conquistador who went in front of the Spanish court to propose a plan to find a new ocean route for trade with the West Indies and Asia. Queen Isabella commissioned/funded his voyage to find a new trade route to Asia. He set out on this conquest with 3 ships - the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria. He crossed the Atlantic and made landfall on an island he named San Salvador which was part of the Americas.
The capital city of Asuncion was constructed by colonists first as a stockade fort in 1537. They completed their work on Assumption Day thereby calling the place Asuncion. After the fall of Buenos Aires to Indian tribes in 1541, the settlers there escaped upriver to Asuncion. Due to this, it became the traditional center of Spanish rule in the region. It became the launching point for Jesuit missionaries, as they press further into the interior to establish the famous reducciones of Paraguay.