Prior to the 16th century all of Europe was Catholic. Because of the Protestant Reformation during the 16th, 17th, and 18th century, more religious minorities came about throughout Europe. This led to the French Wars of religion and to the topic of religious toleration, how much religious freedom the religious minorities should have. Some people had arguments and performed practices, both for and against religious toleration, some did it for personal gain and others for the concern of society.
AP European History Chapter Breakdown: Chapter 11 Main overview: The Protestant reformation took place during a time of conflict between the new nation-states of Europe, which was caused by conformity within their areas. As Switzerland’s cantons, or subdivisions began dividing, civil wars began erupting. They were caused by the conflicts between the Catholic and Protestant churches.
Document one was created by a famous Christian John Edwards. John states that God will judge every human, and no one can be saved from hell if they are a sinner. Not even a miracle wouldn’t be able to save you because God has to exact his justice. Document one displays the Christian faith. This shows that the Christian God has to exact His judgement on sinful people.
To historians, the “Thirty Year War can also be seen, at least in its initial stages, as round three in the series of religious wars that resulted from the Reformation. Round one had ended with Peace of Augsburgy in 1555, and round two with Henry IV of France allowing French Protestants limited freedom of worship…”(Hanks, 321). Throughout Mr. Robisheaux’s book, he shined a light on the impact the war had on small towns, such as the Langenburg village. The impact on Anna Schmieg’s life can be seen through how the Lutheran Church handled her case and how her upbringing affected the case as well. As the fear of the unknown impacted the spread of fear of witchcraft in the countryside of Germany, the impact of the church can be seen through the rebuilding process of church authority in the communities.
Just like in spain the Christian church lived in peace with others and granted religious freedom, then at the beginning of the 14th century all tolerance dispersed (“Spanish Inquisition” Groiler
This is extremely evident in Europe following the protestant reformation that had divided all of the continent. In England at this time most of the Catholics has been either rooted out or oppressed and the protestant remained unchallenged. This however didn’t mean that there was religious stability during Charles reign. Even before Charles came into power James had never liked the Protestants and had warned his son about them in the Basilikon Doron. Puritans were the purist faction of the protestant faith and did not like things like the cross at baptism, bowing at the name of Jesus, may festivities, and sports on the Sabbath.
Barbara Diefendorf's book, The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre is a window into the struggle of religion and secular power during the Protestant Reformation. Beyond the social elitism, mob mentality is an ever-present force that is ignited during the Religious Wars. Differences in religion are a contributor to factional tensions. Manipulation by religious leaders and misunderstanding between the two religious sects’ practices create this religious tension. Although Protestants and Catholics share the core teachings of Christianity, a struggle for secular power, feelings of tribalism, and conflicting religious ideals not only solidify the schism between these two sects of Christianity, but escalated these tensions to bloodshed.
Jeramie Jones Dr. Hermann History 101 Right before the 16th century, there were huge changes in the way people started to think. One major movement that influenced this was the wave of humanist thought, which understood the importance of the study of classical text to emphasize a larger value of the individual, to which the Protestant Reformation owed a lot to. This basis of thought is a huge reason people began to critique the teachings of, and even question the theological foundation of the Catholic Church. The main reason for which religion was so divisive in the 16th century was that people finally began to think for themselves. Despite Roman Catholicism being the dominant in Europe all before the 16th century, a new wave of Protestantism
In most cases, the Catholic Church was indeed incharge. Lutheranism wanted to be the new ones in charge since they believed the Catholics were wrong in their teachings. But, they refused to let go of their powers and dominance of all the citizens in the community. This caused the divisions with European Christians and Lutheranism and Calvinism/Anglicanism. Luther thought the Catholic Church and their popes were out of hand and should not control the people as much as they did.
Various religions have made a great turning point on European history. One of the most notable figures of European history, a German theologian and religious reformer named Martin Luther, had so much passion about his faith of God. This man leaves a mark on European history for having the courage to lead a revolution against the Catholic Church. He felt that the Catholic Church’s practices were impractical. Martin Luther made a great, positive impact as a religious leader during the Protestant Reformation by his successful achievements as a theologian, starting and spreading the Protestant Reformation to many parts in Europe, and creating his own Lutheran Church.
Religion and its various ideologies played a key role in advancing the authority of the Ottoman and Catholic Europe; it also influenced the way they confronted outside powers and people from other religions. The Ottomans where an Islamic ruled empire which brought about a certain ideology that gave them the God given rights to the earth. Catholic Europe also had this ideology from where God gave Peter the keys to the kingdom of heaven and endowed upon them earth as well (Matt 16: 19). The catholic church in Europe seemed to have their hands in the cookie jar of European Medieval Government and some what controlled the kings and nobles.
Introduction During the 1400’s, Spain was divided and was in a state of violence and rioting. At the time, religion and belief in the Catholic Church seemed to be the only thing that could bring the country together as one, even though the church was weak and corrupt due to previous years of violence it prevailed over politics as most of the population was Christian. The Queen and King of Spain saw this as a chance to unify their country and set about making reforms to the church.
The Spanish Inquisition The word "Inquisition" refers to the tribunal court system used by the Catholic Church to suppress and punish the heretics. All people who were considered against catholic teachings were called heretics. The Spanish Inquisition was the prosecuting, trying and killing of all heretics. Clergymen from the Catholics Church went around and persecuted anybody that questioned the Church´s teachings or was any other religion.
In 1517 Martin Luther has revealed his 95 propositions to the society, which has led to another split in Christendom. Due to Martin Luther the religion Protestantism has evolved. However, one must know that he has not wanted to set off a religious revolution (Barzun, 2000, p. 5), but wanted to notify the people in the wrong of the church. Protestantism divided the European regions, especially Germany, due to the new political view of ‘Cuius regio, eius religio’ (Delanty, 2013, p.71) allowing the Prince to decide what religion is being practiced in his region. This political ideology with religious background has led to a division in countries of the west, causing states to differ and leading the people into an identity