Initial Periodontal Therapy is a treatment which consists of careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus from deep pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins. Initial Periodontal Therapy reduces gingival probing depths and inflammation, and it shifts the bacterial composition living in these pockets from one associated with disease toward one associated with health. Thus, Initial Periodontal Therapy is usually the first mode of treatment recommended for most of the patients. This paper reviews and discusses the concepts underlying Periodontal Initial Therapy, its indications and limitations, and presents clinical case reports of the patients undergone Periodontal Initial Therapy. Different databases
If you are particularly prone to cavities, you might also be prescribed a fluoride gel or mouthwash to use. If so, make sure you are using it as directed to keep your gums and teeth around the crown healthy. 4. Avoid Grinding Finally, make sure that you avoid grinding your teeth—especially if your crowned tooth is a molar. Grinding your teeth is harsh on your teeth, and even more so on your crowned tooth.
These are used for looking of impacted teeth, examine development of the jaws in relation to the teeth, and to recognize potential problems between teeth and jaw and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or other bones of the face. Types of intraoral X-rays: 1.1 Bite-wing X-rays To show details of the upper and lower teeth from area of the mouth . All bite-wing illustrate a tooth starting its crown to as regards the altitude of the behind bone. These are used to identify decay between teeth and changes in bone density reason through gum disease. They are also useful in determining the suitable fit of a crown (or cast restoration) and the marginal integrity of
My purpose in this study is shed light on the lack of knowledge oral hygiene and researching the diseases factors and making of awareness. I collected data by searching literature and articles. Insufficient oral hygiene can cause oral cancer, dental cavities, mobile teeth, gingivitis, periodontitis and preterm birth. Dental treatment during pregnancy has no direct and severe damage on the mother and fetus. Simply, delaying the treatment because of the so called effects of amalgam and x-ray scan can cause more damage to oral health in the long term.
Repeat three to five times until the pain has temporarily gone away. This is a convenient method but it only will produce pain relief for a few hours. If you are searching for complete permanent pain relief you are better off exploring a different toothache remedy. Another easy to make remedy for toothache pain relief is water containing salt. It is a common method to use after teeth are pulled but it is also useful when combating a toothache.
D. Results a. After conclusive evidence of dens invagination specific treatment methods should follow, such as prophylactic or preventative sealing of the invagination, a root canal, endodontic apical surgery, intentional replantation, and extraction. b. Dens invagination is very case specific, depending on the type of invagination endodontic management may be required and in some cases prophylactic sealing of the invagination will be done after an incision of the eruption bulge is performed. Body (lit review #2:Dens in Dente: A Minimally Invasive Nonsurgical Approach
Indirect pulp treatment is the procedure where the carious tissue is removed and a thin layer of caries is left at the deepest sites of the cavity preparation. In the cavity preparation complete caries removal would result in pulp exposure.1 It is important that the lateral walls of the cavity preparation are caries-free for interfacial seal and adequate control of microleakage.1 Indications for indirect pulp capping procedure are on a tooth with no pulpitis or with reversible pulpitis where a thin layer of dentine is left behind to prevent iatrogenic pulpal exposure.2 Reversible pulpitis is associated with discomfort and pain on stimulus such as sweet or cold. The duration of the pain is short. Causes of discomfort may be due to dentinal sensitivity, caries or deep restoration. Dentinal sensitivity is not an inflammatory
An implant may be placed after a healing period of six months at least to ensure graft remodelling. This approach adds a little advantage over the previous one that the amount of bone loss due to socket remodelling may be reduced. But it should be notes that the resulting ridge anatomy and quality may be non-ideal and unpredictable. 3. Tooth extraction and socket grafting with flap reflection and barrier membrane: This approach includes full thickness flap reflection and the use of a barrier membrane to protect the graft material.
Endodontic therapy involves treating vital and necrotic dental pulps so that patients can retain their natural teeth in function and esthetics. A successful endodontic therapy depends on many factors,among which the most important step is canal preparation as it determines the efficacy of all subsequent procedures . Cleaning pertains to the sufficient removal of debris, bacteria and smear layer from the root canal.3 Debris is defined as dentin chips and residual vital or necrotic pulp tissue attached to the root canal wall. The smear layer is a surface film approximately 1 to 2 μm of dentin particles, residual pulp tissue, and bacterial components that remain on the root canal wall after mechanical instrumentation.3 Therefore proper cleaning is essential in order to provide an adequate seal and to prevent failure.4 The goal
Clinical technique: • If tooth is grossly decayed band the tooth • Anesthetize the tooth • To isolate the tooth apply the rubber dam • Remove soft caries either with spoon excavator or round bur • To avoid exposure a thin layer of dentin and some amount of caries is left • On the exposed dentin calcium hydroxide paste is placed • Cover the calcium hydroxide with zinc oxide eugenol base217 • Amalgam restoration should be given, If restoration is to be given for a longer time • Tooth should be evaluated after 6 to 8 weeks • After 2 to 3 months, remove the cement and evaluate the tooth preparation. If due to remineralization and/or formation of secondary dentin, the soft dentin has become hard, then remove any residual soft debris and then finally give protective cement base and place the permanent restorative material Direct pulp capping: • Direct pulp capping technique includes the placement of biocompatible material over the site of pulp exposure to keep up the vitality and advance healing. • At the point when a little mechanical exposure of pulp happens during tooth preparation or following an injury, an appropriate protective base ought to be set in contact with the uncovered pulp tissue so as to maintain the vitality of the remaining pulp