The high prevalence of hypertension worldwide has contributed to the present pandemic of cardiovascular disease. World Health Organization South East Asia Region (2013) found that nearly 1.5 million people die due to hypertension making it a leading risk factor for mortality. Hypertension is a term used to describe high blood pressure. Flow of blood is based on the beat of which the heart pumps blood. The pressure of the heart does not stay at the same level at all times.
Another illness that is mentioned in the book is diabetes. As Dr. Moalem describes it, “In diabetics, the process through which insulin helps the body use glucose is broken, and the sugar in the blood builds up to dangerously high levels.” The body either fails to produce enough insulin, or the body tissues become resistant to insulin, leading to high levels of glucose in the blood. The elevated levels of glucose build up in certain organs and the high glucose concentration in these organs can lead to serious complications, such as blindness, heart disease, stroke, vascular disease, nerve damage, and kidney damage. Some of the symptoms include fatigue, thirst, hunger, blurry vision, and the frequent need to urinate. Sugary urine has historically been known as a symptom of diabetes.
It was understood that kyphosis was studied in addition to the other deformities in the papers related to the etiology of kyphosis with some exceptional cases. Definition Kyphosis is a forward rounding of the back. Some rounding is normal, but the term "kyphosis" usually refers to an exaggerated rounding of the back. While kyphosis can occur at any age, it's most common in older women. Age-related kyphosis often occurs after osteoporosis weakens spinal
There are many safety issue in hospitals among one of the major issues are falls. Among the most common victims are the elder patients with multiple health problems, patient’s that undergo multiple treatment regimens, side effect of medication and patients who are unfamiliar with the environment. The consequences of falls in hospitals can result to injury with fracture, often lead to poor outcomes and increases the length of stay (National Patient Agency, 2010).The second episode of care which was the patient experiencing a fall from the side effect of the medication: valium; leading to assessment done by the nurses. RN Elliot confirmed that after 20 minutes of giving the Valium the patient had an unobserved fall. The use of the risk management
Some of the most important information that has come from these studies is the information pertaining to an individual’s risk of cardiovascular disease due to diet and lifestyle factors. According to Willett (2015), cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among all Americans despite an overall decline in mortality in recent years (p.6). Decades worth of research has allowed healthcare professionals to encourage prevention and promote awareness about the diet and lifestyle factors that research has linked to an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. This research has also helped to improve prevention, early detection and
The symptoms make the muscle weakness come and go. The symptoms usually reaching to their worst within a few year after the onset of the disease and the symptom tend to progress over time. Although myasthenia gravis can affect any of the muscles that you control voluntarily, certain muscle groups are more commonly affected than others. The people who suffered Myasthenia Gravis may have variable symptoms depending on the involvement of diseases that affecting certain muscles or multiple muscle groups. The disease that affected certain eye muscle was described as ‘ocular myasthenia gravis’.
Firstly, assessing the patient blood pressure, any bleeding, taking history and then taking blood samples for complete blood count, showing low red blood cells, test for bilirubin confirming hemolysis as it increased to more than 1.2 milligram per deciliter, platelet, ALT, AST, LDH (Schub & Boling, 2014). Concerning the fetal monitoring, test like fetal heart monitoring, occasional ultrasound, cardio-tocho-graph, and Doppler blood flow studies would be done (Schub & Boling, 2014). Overall, the nurses are asked to monitor all maternal and fetal systems, and watch for any of the symptom mentioned above, assess for any complication like seizure, hypovolemic shock, always maintain the safety of the patient as well as complete bed rest for them (Schub & Boling,
Crohn's Disease Crohn’s Disease is a disease that causes inflammation in the small intestine. Millions of people all over the worldwide are suffering from Crohn’s Diseases. In 1932, Crohn’s Diseases was referred to as a medical illness and it was described by Dr. Crohn, Dr. Leon Ginzburg, and Dr. Gordon Oppenheimer.But it all started in 1913 by a physician named Kennedy Dalziel who had a meeting with the British Medical Association, and described his nine cases with patients who suffered from intestinal obstruction. One day with a close examination of the inflamed bowel of a patient, the transmural inflammation that is characteristic of the disease was clearly evident. Like abdominal cramps, fever, diarrhea and weight loss were observed in the patients, particularly to young adults.
Ullrich- Turner Syndrome can affect proper development of several body systems. There are a number of expected complications that will occur including heart problems, cardiovascular disease, hearing loss, kidney problems, immune disorders, dental problems, visual impairments, skeletal problems, pregnancy issues and thyroid issues. Defects in the main blood vessel leading out of the heart (aorta) increase the risk of a tear in the inner layer of the aorta (aortic dissection). A defect in the valve between the heart and the aorta may also increase the risk of a narrowing of the valve that cause heart problems. Cardiovascular disease is due to the increase of developing diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
Adults with diabetes have increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. Combined with reduced blood flow, neuropathy (nerve damage) in the feet increases the chance of foot ulcers, infection and eventual need for limb amputation. Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness, and occurs as a result of long-term accumulated damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. 2.6% of global blindness can be attributed to diabetes, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Many patients coming for regular check up are diagnosed as diabetes. The normal random blood sugar is 80 mg to 140 mg. The persistent hyperglycemia leads to many complications in the long run like neuropathy, nephropathy, CAD, foot ulcer and gangrene resulting finally in amputation of the limb. The high blood glucose causes the cell walls to become stiff and rigid, impairing the flow of blood throughout the small vessels located at the surface of the wound. This reduces the blood flow and permeability of red blood cells, which are required for the development of dermal tissue.
Diabetes being one of the chronic conditions with a lot of comobidties is of interest in this discussion. It is a major of cause of heart disease and stroke among adults in the United States. Also, coupled with lower extremity amputations, blindness and kidney failure. Comprehensive models of care such as the original chronic care model advocate for evidence- based health care system changes that meet the needs of growing numbers of people who have chronic disease. CCM was initiated to provide patients with self- management skills and tracking systems.
Diabetic Patients at any age- The patients who are suffering from diabetes of any age will include as indicator. 2. Doctors- The physicians to follow up with patients through medication, pathology etc. 3. Tool boxes-The equipment to test the blood regularly to know the volume of sugar in blood.
Type 2 diabetes is an important risk factor for heart failure and is common in patients with heart failure. The objective of the study was to examine all-cause mortality in relation to weight status in patients with type 2 diabetes hospitalized for decompensated heart failure. The Worcester Heart Failure Study included adults admitted with acute heart failure to all metropolitan Worcester medical centers in 1995 and 2000. The weight status of 1644 patients with diabetes was categorized using body mass index calculated from height and weight when patients were admitted. Sixty-five percent of patients were overweight or obese and 3% were underweight.
Sources of Evidence and Method This part would provide literature sources and analysis of the problems that have been identified in the case of sepsis screening practices. Hence, in the context defined and explained in the previous section, this part would provide research studies in support of the context. Furthermore and most importantly, this part would explain comprehensively the intervention that the project would be applying. Since the intervention would be based on evidence-based practice, thus, literature endorsing the intervention would also be discussed in this section. Literature sources can be track by means of making a