Muscles in the jaw and tongue, required for proper speech and oral movements can be impacted by cerebral palsy which can cause difficulty talking, drooling, chewing and even breathing. Depending on the type of cerebral palsy you have, there are different impairments involving speech. People with spastic cerebral palsy have slow and tend to struggle with oral movements that require a lot of effort. Athetoid cerebral palsy cases have difficulty controlling their face movements. They cannot control their movements that their face makes and vocal cords, this results in random sounds and mumbling.
It is obvious to see that the liver has many important functions that a person’s body depends on. Cirrhosis of the liver can affect the normal functions of the liver, as well as the body’s normal homeostatic state. This can result in many problems, including death.
Failure in one organ can cause other organs in the body to come under stress and restrict body functions. In the long run organ failures can endanger a patient’s life. Multiple organ failure occurs when two or more organs in the body fail. There are many reasons for organ failure and each organ has its own reasons as related to its function. Some common reasons for organ failure
Near total replacement of the pancreas with cysts in a patient with Von Hippel Lindau Disease Abstract: Von Hippel Lindau (VHL) disease can affect various organ systems of the body and is associated with tumors and visceral cysts. Lesions of the pancreas are fairly common leading to the occurrence of simple cysts, serous cystadenoma or solid tumors. We present a rare case of a 35 year old woman previously diagnosed with VHL disease whose pancreas on endoscopic ultrasound was found to be replaced by cysts of varying sizes with normal pancreatic tissues and duct not being identified. Introduction VHL is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder with a birth incidence prevalence of about 1 in 36,000 live births. (1) It can manifest with as various
Accumulation in the alveoli of excessive fluid, protein and inflammatory cells that have move into the air spaces from the alveolar capillaries. Intrapulmonary shunt develop and blood passing cannot be oxygenated. Alveolar type I and type II cells are spoiled causing surfactant dysfunction. Alveoli become unstable and collapse and fibrotic changes take place. Hyaline membranes help to the development of fibrosis and atelectasis (collapse) essential to decrease in gas exchange capability and lung dysfunction.
Cerebral contusion trauma refers to an apparently minor, brief loss of consciousness accompanied. CerebralaContuzie cerebralaContuzie cerebral contusion Dilaceration cerebral brain damage caused by acceleration-deceleration mechanism. They are accompanied by damage to the brain parenchyma and regional blood effusion. Some microscopic
The CVA can be a hemorrhage or thrombus and the severity of the lesion determines the loss of function. In extensive disease, neighboring neurons may also be affected. Following a stroke, the oxygen supply to brain cells is blocked and cells start to die within minutes. This will be reflected by symptoms like sudden weakness, paralysis or numbness of the face, arms, or legs, difficulty in communication, loss of consciousness etc. The loss of function in stroke is dependent on the number of neurons involved and how long the blood flow to the brain has been interrupted.
It has shown structural differences between the brain of schizophrenics and controls. One of the major differences observed is the significant loss of grey matter (about 25%) in the frontal and temporal regions of the brain of schizophrenic patients. Considering the fact that the frontal lobe is associated with thinking, emotions, speech and the temporal lobe is associated in the perception and recognition of auditory stimuli can explain the development of psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations. MRI scans have shown enlarged ventricles in the brains of schizophrenic patients compared to normal people which is associated to the loss of brain tissue. Reveley et al (1986) compared CT scans of monozygotic twins of whom one was schizophrenic while the the other was normal and was able to observe the enlarged ventricles.