The motivation for the Apollo program was a challenge that came from President John F. Kennedy. "The President challenged NASA to put a man on the moon 's surface by the end of the decade. NASA met this challenge with the Apollo Program." (What was the Apollo Program?) The challenge of putting a man on the moon was a difficult task and much was learned. There was also a lot of loss. Including the loss of the Apollo 1. Three astronauts lost their lives Edward White, Virgil Grissom and Roger Chaffee.
The questions, could we put a man on the moon? How would we do it? And could we be the first to do so? Had to be answered. During Apollo missions 1 through 10 NASA learned a lot from each mission. The landing of the Apollo 11 mission on the moon
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It had its start on October 1, 1958 with a primary motive to out maneuver Russia, caused by the occurrence of the Cold War. The ideology behind this is that, the United States and Russia held a competition of superiority, and as these tensions grew, so did the demand for advancement. The space exploration became a primary competition, and the so called “space race” began. In the context of the race, Russia had a major start in sending the Earth’s first artificial satellite giving the United States “A "Pearl Harbor" effect on American public opinion, creating an illusion of a technological gap” (Garber, Steve, and Roger Launius.). This would lead the increase of the agency’s funding to give themselves an edge.
On November 8th, 1960, John Kennedy wins presidency against Richard Nixon. On May 25th, 1961, Kennedy proposed the moon program, the space race had begun. On July 20th, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first two men to land on the moon, the U.S.A had won the space race. It took them a total of three days to reach the moon's lunar orbit. Apollo 11 was launched on July 16th, 1969, and it took a total of twelve minutes to escape Earth's atmosphere.
The event was memorable and it was remembered for several years. One of the most iconic words ever spoken happened during this landing, Armstrong gave his famous words to the rest of the world as people were left astonished. The years prior to the Moon Landing were tough. Various movements were going on and “two important leaders had been assassinated.” (Crompton 1)
In 1967 when USSR launched the satellite Sputnik into orbit the only satellite we had seen from earth was the moon. This single event change our thoughts of space and travel forever and suddenly the space race was on to see who could achieve space travel first and secure our National Security. The USSR was the first to send a man into space but with the promise of a young president we were the first to land on the moon. For the next few decades these two power nations would not only change space technology and our understanding of the universe but it would change the lives of everyone on the planet. The Apollo Missions changed everyday technology that would cause a dramatic shift in electronics and computer technology.
By the time millions of Americans were tuned in to watch Neil Armstrong take his first step on the moon, millions of dollars and scientists had been invested into the mission for a decade. The challenge given by President John F. Kennedy in 1961 began NASA´s preparation for landing on the moon in order to answer the questions concerning what we could find in space and in order to beat the Soviet Union in the Space Race. Firstly, unmanned Apollo Missions were sent into space in order to test the structure of the launch vehicles. On January 27, 1967, efforts were momentarily thwarted when a fire broke out at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida and 3 astronauts were killed. It wasn´t until 1968 that the first manned space mission orbited earth.
Apollo 11 was the beginning of many more space adventures to come. It gave NASA as well as other countries and astronauts the courage to attempt traveling through space. After this successful landing, many other countries began to make their own attempts to land on the moon. It encouraged other space missions by showing them that it was not impossible and reassuring them that it could be done. Not only was the successful moon landing a huge inspiration to other countries, but it was a momentous accomplishment for the United States.
“For one priceless moment in the whole history of man, all the people on this Earth are truly one,” President Richard Nixon said on a telephone call with astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin. The moon landing was a great task completed by the United States; it was a major victory for the US in the Space Race. Although, some citizens did not believe the significant event happened. One of the most significant conspiracy theories in the United States is the moon landing was all staged. The moon landing is a controversial topic in the United States, greater numbers of citizens believe the moon landing to be true, but some doubt it even happened.
Apollo 13 was a successful failure. This is because the astronauts had to duck a mission to overcome the obstacles they faced. Apollo 13 was a successful failure because it was a mission to the moon, with many challenges along the way, as well as surviving the free fall back to earth, safely. In the beginning, Apollo 13 and it’s three astronauts had a mission to go to the moon so that they could sample moon dust.
Eloquently proposed by John Fitzgerald Kennedy to Congress on May 25, 1961, the Apollo Program, or “Project Apollo,” was the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s third exploratory program and the first project worldwide to attempt the tremendous endeavor putting a man on the moon (Britannica). After sufficient feasibility studying over a five year period, the first flight, unmanned, was launched in 1966. Two years later, the first flight with a trained crew onboard took place (Apollo 7, October 1968). Overall, the 11-year-long project sent 19 different spacecrafts into the atmosphere using multiple launch vehicle designs, including the Little Joe II and the Saturn rocket series. Subsequently, it achieved a fairly
Another counter-argument against the hoax theory is the practicality of continuing the make believing for the rest of the Apollo missions. Conspiracy theorists claim that the reason the American government and N.A.S.A faked it was to swindle the American public out of billions of dollars. But how much more would it cost to bribe the people involved so they would keep quite and to pay for the thousands of exhibits and museums dedicated to the moon landings? It was said on a 2001 Fox TV Network program called, "Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon?"
The moon landing was one of the most iconic moments in history. Viewers stood on their toes until the very moment that Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon, and they stayed there until Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed on American soil again. Authors The Times, William Safire, and Ayn Rand speak on the moon landing soon after the mission was accomplished. In the morning after America successfully landed the first aircraft on the moon, The Times published an article about the moon landing.
On July 20th, 1969, the Apollo 11 with astronaut Neil Armstrong and his crew, guided by thousands of NASA technicians, supposedly landed on the surface of the moon. It was certainly one of the most extraordinary events accomplished by mankind up to that date. Neil Armstrong’s first words upon stepping on the moon surface will always be remembered “ A small step for mankind, a giant leap for humanity”. Ever since then, this achievement has been a matter of discussion by several groups that either believed or disbelieved this.
When Neil Armstrong first touched down on the moon in 1969, millions of people watched him take the first step and create history (Villard). Yet even as we’ve moved on from the moon landings and consider them as a pivotal point for mankind, “Forty years after U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon, many conspiracy theorists still insist the Apollo 11 moon landing was an elaborate hoax”(Than). The idea that our voyage to the moon was deliberately staged seems to resurface year after year. While the conspiracy theorists claim the moon landing was a hoax, creating a fake moon landing would have been more expensive and difficult than actually reaching the moon. The race to the moon began on October 5, 1957, when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik into orbit around the earth: “When the Soviet Union launched the satellite Sputnik, on October 4, 1957, the United States experienced a technological identity crisis”(Olson).