Appearance And Reality In Macbeth Analysis

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One way Shakespeare explores appearance and reality is through Macbeth's early thoughts with the witches prophecies. In an aside Macbeth says, “My thought, whose murder yet is fantastical” but then carries on to say to Banquo, “If chance will have me king, why chance may crown me without my stir.” This shows that though Macbeth is thinking about killing Duncan, it is not what he says to Banquo. The reality of his thoughts are very different to what he shows other people. In the first quote, the caesura breaks up the sentence giving it a jittery and excited feel. Whereas what he says to Banquo is calm and thought out. He knew what he was going to say. He also uses equivocation well here giving the audience and Banquo the effect that he is telling…show more content…
This is shown in the quote, “The temple-haunting martlet does approve”. The temple appears to Duncan and Banquo to be warm and safe which is why the martlet approves of the castle and wants to raise it’s young there. If it wasn’t good, it wouldn’t go there. The martlet is a metaphor for Duncan and his nativity that the castle is a safe place. But in reality, the castle is a dark and dreadful place, full of danger. The martlet is misleading. The fact Banquo describes the castle like this is ironic because Duncan is going to be murdered there. It is also a reference to another of Shakespeare’s plays, ‘The Merchant of Venice’ where ‘martlet’ is used to describe someone who was deceived by appearances. The martlet could represent Duncan and his naive about the Macbeth and his castle. A sixth way appearance and reality is explored in Macbeth is through the motif of clothing. This is seen in the phrases, “strange garments” and “ his title Hang loose about him, like a giant’s robe Upon a dwarfish thief.” These show the idea that you can dress up to be something else as Macbeth has done but in reality you can never become something you are not. Macbeth dress up as king but shall never be a great ruler as the ‘clothes’ do not fit him. They are powerful metaphors on how though you may appear to be something, in reality you are

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