Strikes were executed more by the industrial workers, but the farmers did have a few. Strikes were common during the Gilded Age because as industrialization increased, working conditions and labor requirements got worse. The industrial workers were having to work ten to twelve hours, five days a week at the least and not even being paid enough to compensate for their work. Barely scraping by with the amount of work the workers do for their company angered them, and prompted strikes. Some well-known strikes are the Pullman Strike and the Homestead Strike.
Rise of Labor Unions and Strikes Labor Unions were never made up of more than two percent of total labor force, or more than ten percent of industrial workers. The workers viewed Unions in a radical and foreign way because they were new in America. Once the employees started to revive harsh treatment from the Unions, they began opposing them. The early unions often represented skilled workers in local areas but as time went on that changed. In 1866, William H. Sylvis, a Pennsylvania iron molder and talented propagandist united several unions into a single national organization called the National Labor Unions.
Although this act was passed fourteen years after Gompers death, in 1924, this act was tied to all the work he had done with his union organization. The Fair Labor Standards Act enacted a forty hour work week, and established a national minimum wage. This act also guaranteed overtime wage and prohibited most workers who were miners. Theses regulations, although not always fully enforced, helped the life
The railroads were the first big businesses in America, and the Pennsylvania was one of the largest of them all. Carnegie learned much about management and cost control during these years, and from Scott in particular. American railroads had become the largest companies in the world, but a new industry emerged to challenge the railroads—the age of oil. But as railroad men like Tom Scott and his protege Andrew Carnegie took on big oil. Under the condition, Rockefeller declared war on the railroads.
During mid 19th century, coal mining dominated North Eastern Pennsylvania, a state with great potential of anthracite coal. In 1870s, very powerful individuals controlled the coal fields and railroads. These individuals monopolized the coal industry recruiting immigrants to work for fewer wage than the American employees, luring them with promises of fortune. Hundreds of immigrants, transported by trains, replaced the local minors who were forced one by one to pave way for immigrants, either abandoning or re-treating the industry. The immigrants were exposed to health risks and hazards since they were frequently unable to adhere to safety regulations.
Pinckney argues that slavery is, in fact, the force that unites the nation financially as, “an annual income of at least forty millions of dollars will be lost to your citizens, the loss of which will not alone be felt by the non-slaveholding states, but by the whole Union” (Document 2). On top of the moral concern of slavery, Pinckney also argues that the union only functions prosperously with the labor of slaves. The economic concern is true because of the industrial development of United States during the early 19th century. The first and largest industries developed in the North East focused around textiles and the production of finished clothing which would be less profitable and less incentivized without the active labor force of slavery providing the raw materials for industrial expansion through
Document 7 even states, “he lives to work instead of working to live.” Which began the union strikes in the late 1800 and according to Docment1, “the size of the union went from 400 to 2000 people in the year 1899” all wanting the same thing, more time. “The union pacifically protested eight-hour workdays instead of the average twenty- four,” according to Document 6 it was even called one goal. Eventually, the goal was reached and people finally began to live their
America was a place where the rich kept getting richer and the poor getting poorer, If you had lost your job it was nearly impossible to find another one. In 1933 nearly 25% of people did not have a job but by the year 1945 it was around 2%. Roosevelt had created numerous organizations to supply America with Jobs. Some of these Organizations were the T.V.A., the FDIC, and the NRA. People would travel far and wide to search for a job no matter the cost.
The Pullman Strike in 1894 was also a secret union and again, it’s illegal but they risked it for better working conditions, an eight-hour working day, and thirty percent back to their wages. This strike was formed because the government cut the wages by thirty percent which affected three thousand citizens (lecture, February 12). These people struggled for social justice and equality and these organizations improved society and the Gilded Age which is soon to be the Progressive
Before we had cars and planes, we really only had one way of transporting goods on land, and that way was by train. Trains were all over the inhabited United States, but the North had more than anywhere else in the U.S. because they were full of industry and were constantly having to ship goods all around because of it. The North had two thirds of the railroads in the United States because of the need for transportation which was more important to the North than the South.At the start of the war 22,000 miles of track had been laid in the Northern states and 9,500 miles in the South. (Railroads of the Confederacy) But for both sides it was much needed no matter how many tracks they had. Right at the start of the war the use of the railroad was almost always military.