Aqua Paola Fountain And Pope's Power

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Aqua Paola Fountain and Pope’s power. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Popes exploited their position to build monuments that would display their own nobility. Until the end of the 16th century there was only one working source of clean drinking water in Rome. In 1585 Pope Sixtus V requested to restore the aqueduct in the Quirinale District of Rome, the previous Aqua Alexandriana, which he then renamed Fontana dell’Acqua Felice (Aqua Felice) after himself, Felice Perretti. The main theme of the fountain was religion, beside the intention of honouring the Pope. In 1612 Pope Paul V in respond of Pope Sixtus V’s Aqua Felice fountain, restored the aqueduct in the Janiculum hill. Pope Paul V felt the need to compete with his predecessors, who realized several work of arts during their papacy, and to prove his authority and importance. So he requested to build a fountain to celebrate himself, naming the fountain after himself, Fontana dell’Acqua Paola (Aqua Paola), or called also the Fontanone (the big fountain), and it became the major fountain on the left bank of the river Tibet.
Aqua Paola fountain was a renovation from the ancient Aqua Traiana, built by the Emperor Trajan in 109 CE. In order to gather money for the project Pope Paul V imposed tax on wine to buy the right to use a spring close to Lake Bracciano as a primary source of water. The water wasn’t that clean, the wine was still more drinkable and safer and when the source of the fountain became the Lake Bracciano
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