This essay will be investigating the extent to which people must reduce overfishing in order to preserve animal populations. Overfishing can be defined as ‘the catching of too many fish resulting in the deterioration of marine biodiversity and food systems, as fish populations decline.’ This essay will overlay the perspectives of Hong Kong, the perspective of Japan, and finally the significance of overfishing on me and my family. Overfishing is a very important discussion because it has become a global issue, resulting in collapse of the entire marine ecosystem. Fish is also one of the main sources of food around the world. The collapse of the marine ecosystem would result in the a massive amount of loss in fish stocks, resulting in the loss of business and the starvation of many people around the world that rely on fish as their major supply of food.
Over fishing is a huge problem that needs to be stopped. 2. I will explain what overfishing is doing to families, what we can do to help the situation, and how to repopulate the fisheries. 1. Millions of people rely on fishing for their livelihood and nutritional needs and they need help.
In the Washington Posts article “Just how badly are we overfishing the oceans?” the author suggests that the populations of fish are declining due to overfishing. While it might be true that people are overfishing, they aren't fishing to the point of extinction. There is also a need for stronger regulations to help regulate the amount of fish being fished. The fish populations aren't being drastically affected by fishing but some regulations can help control the population. Fishing has been a primary food source for humans since the dawn of time and through multiple generations.
The majority of production takes place in specific ponds throughout the year. This is done in a traditional way (extensive) with ponds of 1.5 ha and bigger, such as in Kerala and West Bengal or a semi-intensive way with ponds below 0.5 ha, as in Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Odisha.The latter production technique entails technical modifications and investment in fertilizers, pumps and construction. In traditional ponds different species (brackish and freshwater) are produced simultaneously and their growth rate is higher than in semi-intensive ponds. Often, farmers produce other products as well. 90% of the farmers in marine and brackish aquaculture own less than have difficulties obtaining finances for investments The shrimp production is however highly profitable.
Fishery Management: RBM and Fishery Subsidy Over fishing around the globe has lead to a dire need in effective fishery management as it has led to fisheries depleting worldwide. Seafood is one of the more popular delicacies around the world and is also the source of income for millions of fishers globally. Lack of and poor fishery management has led to an exhaust of the fish stock in the ocean, which in turn has had a negative impact on biodiversity. Poor management has also been a factor economically as it leads to a loss of about $50 billion annually for fisheries around the world. If proper steps are taken the problem can be managed, Fishery Solutions Center believes that if management is improved then abundance of fish can increase by
Commercial fishing is defined as the harvesting of wild fish and other seafood for commercial profit, and provides a large quantity of food to many people around the world. In comparison to commercial fishing, aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms and populating them in controlled environments. The aquaculture industry in the United States is primarily dominated by freshwater catfish farming producing more than 1 billion dollars. Although aquaculture seems beneficial, it has many negative impacts on the environment that are threatening the marine ecosystem. Marine aquaculture is the farming of seafood species that are indigenous to the ocean.
Climate change has been clearly shown to affect Pacific salmon, and it has been generally seen to diminish salmon populations. In the Pacific Northwest, numerous salmon populations have been labeled as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. This is due to climate change warming the ocean, increasing sea levels, and changing flow patterns. It is predicted that salmon populations are only going to continue decreasing due to these changes in their environment. However, some researchers are arguing that Pacific salmon populations are actually going to show an increase in population size, and this is due to an increase in ocean temperatures causing a bottom-up effect that increases resources lower on the food chain, therefore benefitting salmon
For thousands of years, people in the Pacific Northwest have depended on the annual migration of salmon. Salmon is a popular and healthy dish, and the commercial fishing industry is prominent there. However, recently, the population of salmon has drastically declined, mostly due to human-caused factors, including hydropower, habitat loss, harvesting habits and hatchery fish (Gore and Doerr, 2000, pp. 40-41). This decrease affects the ecosystems in which the salmon reside as well as puts the future of Pacific Salmon as both a species and a food source in danger.
Nevertheless, several process enhancements in MSC-certificated fisheries and one notable ecological improvement became evident. The ecological improvement was direct related to the certification process and accomplished with a view to the assessment process: the seabird by-catch in the South Georgia Patagonian toothfish was reduced. Moreover, other researchers found out that the certifications requirements of the MSC seem to favor small-scale fisheries and large-scale fisheries in developed countries. Small- scale fisheries have the advantage that because of their limited access, it is easier to certify them. The process of certification is time devouring, expensive and challenging.
A low intake of vitamins and minerals causes about 2 billion people all over the world to suffer from micronutrient malnutrition (IFPRI, 2014). Nutritional deficiencies result in impaired physical and mental development of humans, loss of productivity, susceptibility to various diseases among others (Lim et al, 2012). They are caused not only by low quantities of food consumed but also by poor dietary diversity; as dietary diversity is a good indicator of broader nutritional status. More diverse diets are associated with lower rates of nutritional problems in many parts of the world (Popkin and Slining, 2013). As a result, to improve nutrition and health, it is important to increase dietary diversity.