Aquaculture Literature Review

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CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0. Introduction
Granted, several authors have made remarkable contributions on the concept of residents’ perception of aquaculture. Their studies, findings and contributions in the view of the researcher is presented in this chapter.
2.1 Perception of Aquaculture
Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, molluscs (shellfish), crustaceans and marine plants, and involves practices such as regular stocking, feeding, and/or protecting stock from predators. Aquaculture takes place in inland, marine and coastal settings using a variety of methods, including raceways, cages, ponds, tanks, ropes, rafts and racks.
Aquaculture has a major advantage over the decreasing capture fisheries as the time of harvest can be synchronized to coincide with market demand (FAO, 2008).
Aquaculture is one arm of agriculture that can thrive in any ecological area of Nigeria. According to the Nigerian Fifth National Biodiversity Report, 2015, there are five priority ecological areas of Nigeria which are arid, Guinea savannah woodlands, coastal and marine ecosystem, rainforest belt including montaine forest and wetlands and river basins. As long as water (whether brackish or fresh) which creates the enabling environment for aquaculture industry to thrive is available or provided, aquaculture will do well in any part of Nigeria.
Looking in a global perspective, several authors and scholars has made remarkable contributions on the way people, the

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