Archetypal Symbolism Research Paper

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CHAPTER II Archetypal criticism The roots of archetypal criticism Archetypal criticism is a type of literary criticism that focuses on particular narrative patterns, archetypes, motifs, themes or characters that recur in a particular literary work or in literature in general. Archetypal criticism has its basis in the application of concepts developed in psychoanalysis and in mythology to the study of literature. The main tendency of this approach to criticism resembles to the early conception of form in Western thought. Collective unconscious lays beneath the personal conscious and personal unconscious. As Jung said, the collective unconscious is ‘‘a storehouse of knowledge, experiences, and images of the human race. It is a racial memory, shared and primeval, often expressed outwardly in myth and ritual.” Dobie (2012: 62) The promoter of archetypal literary theory was Carl Jung, and he most clearly addressed the topic in The Spirit in Man, Art and Literature, which contains two essays about literary archetypal analysis. The belief of archetypal literary critics is that there is a large sphere of human experience expressed in literature that goes deeper than any intellectual or rational thinking. The concern of archetypal criticism is to identify those mythic elements that give to a piece of literature this deeper resonance. Some of the critics consider myths to be mere fables, expressing ancient forms of religion as in Western thought or even primitive versions of

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