Pride is one of the deadly seven sins. In “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles. Oedipus suffers from the sin of pride , and he may just cause his own downfall ,due to his belief he is greater than the gods. Sophocles uses foreshadowing ,irony and symbolism to develop the theme of pride throughout his tragic hero Oedipus. Sophocles use of foreshadowing shows the audience what terrible things will happen due to Oedipus killing his father and marrying his mother.
He says Hamlet is “unquestionably mentally ill” with symptoms such as “delusions, paranoia, hallucinations, social behavior and speech, suicidal ideations and acting out violently” (31). It is true that Hamlet acted out in inappropriate ways. Nonetheless, his uncle did kill his dad and soon after his mother married his uncle. It is very reasonable to act out and be mad after such a tragedy. Hamlet has no option than to believe that everyone is against him, which explains the paranoia.
The audience knows that King Laius is Oedipus’s real father and is also aware that Oedipus is the murderer since his prophecy. Oedipus, upon hearing this news decides to curse the murderer if he does not come forward with his wrongdoings. The curse begins with; “…Banish this man – never shelter him, never speak a word to him…drive him out…he is plague...”(266-279) The dramatic irony makes the audience more sympathetic towards the tragic hero because Oedipus did not know that it was himself that murdered and shed his father’s blood. The audience pities and sympathizes Oedipus for he tried to find the murderer by going so far as to bestow a curse on the killer then ends up being the killer. Oedipus put the curse on himself and all he has been attempting to do is to find the murderer to put an end to the
Creon finds out that someone buried Polyneices and says that the person should be put to death, because they broke the King’s new rules. After some confrontation from Teiresias(a prophet),and Creon’s son Haimon who is also set to marry Antigone, Creon decides that he is wrong about putting Antigone to death. By the time he realizes this Antigone is already dead, and because of Antigone's death Haimon kills himself which causes his mother to also kill herself.
Okonkwo was abusive, angry, and showing little emotion. He was abusive towards his wives and children. His solves his problem with fists, he likes fighting and wars. In the end Okonkwo lets fear take control of his life, he kills a messenger from British district office. Realising his fate and the fact that his tribe can't be saved from the influence of the British colonists, he commits suicide which is forbbiden in his tribe.
Victor’s actions resulted in the Creature killing others because Victor made the Creature miserable. When Victor first created the Creature, he observed it with horror and disgust. When the Creature found out what Victor thought of him he stated “I am solitary and abhorred” (111). Finding out that even his creator hated him filled the Creature with agony and rage. These emotions that Victor brought upon the Creature compelled him to kill Victor’s loved ones.
But Hera despised Hercules and sent him madness to kill his wife and his children. When his sanity return, he saw a horrific scene of his wife’s corpse alongside his children. He was anguished and wanted to commit suicide. But he continued on to help people and do good deeds, he found another women, Deianria, and they got married. But again, tragedy struck and Deianria killed herself.
Furthermore, similar to other tragic heroes, Gatsby has a tremendous fall from grace. F. Scott Fitzgerald threads numerous tragic hero archetypal characteristics throughout The Great Gatsby to mold Jay Gatsby into a modern tragic hero. Similar to the Greek writer Sophocles in creating the tragic hero Oedipus, Fitzgerald creates his tragic hero with a fatal flaw that ultimately leads to his downfall. While Oedipus exhibits the fatal flaw of hubris, Gatsby displays the character trait of naivety. Gatsby’s naiveness, shown through his pursuit of Daisy Buchanan, drives him to his eventual death.
Antigone also suffers more than she deserves, which is a common trait for tragic heros. Her parents, Jocasta and Oedipus, killed themselves because of the humility of their fate. Polyneices and Eteocles killed each other during battle when they ran each other through with spears. Since Creon deemed Polyneices a traitor, he left his body on the battlefield and made it against the law for anyone to bury him. This is ultimately the reason of Antigone’s death.
When an oracle warns Oedipus that his fate includes murdering his father and marrying his mother, he follows his impulses to run away from the man and woman who he presumes to be his parents. If he were to ask them about it, the fact that he was adopted would most likely be brought to light. Oedipus, on his way to the city of Thebes, murdered King Laius at the meeting of three roads. He, without considering the possibilities, murders the group of people he meets on the road. He never feels remorse for the murder either, because he truly feels the killing was justified.