It is assumed he came from a very wealthy background as he went to Plato’s school in Athens which would have only been affordable for very wealthy people. It is thought that while studying here Euclid developed a love and interest in Mathematics. Euclid is recognised as one of the greatest mathematicians in history and is often referred to as ‘The Father of Geometry’. Geometry is a strand of mathematics with a question of shape and sizes. It was not until the 19th century that any other
Online information cite theguardian.com states that a professor of mathematics at the University of Massachusetts Lowell named James Propp said “Conway is the rare sort of mathematician whose ability to connect his pet mathematical interests makes one wonder if he isn’t, at some level, shaping mathematical reality and not just exploring it,” This is just one example of how others view Conway. Another proponent of John’s work is Sir Michael Atiyah who called Conway “the most magical mathematician in the world.” The views and opinions of other people and other mathematicians about Conway’s work not only stems from his contributions to math, but also his interesting personality. John Conway is indeed one of the most interesting people you will meet. Not only did he used to walk the streets of Liverpool barefoot or in”Jesus sandals” , but he is also called “a sort of proto-hippie” by theguardian.com. In addition to that, Conway was nicknamed “Mary” by one of his teachers because of his womanish disposition.
After Franklin died, his work became one of the most influential examples of an autobiography ever written. Although, Franklin lived a short life he accomplished great things during his existence. Franklin took part in The Stamp Act, assembled the first American lending library, helped Draft the Declaration of Independence and the U.S constitution, and was part of many more contributions. Benjamin Franklin was a very intelligent man who did not have an ordinary mind like most men in the eighteenth century did. “His inquiring mind was challenged most by the mechanics of the word’s seemingly ordinary phenomena, and he was convinced that his mind’s rational powers could solve riddles that had puzzled humankind for centuries” (Franklin 441).
He made great contributions in many areas of mathematics and even developed new ones. Perhaps the most impressive feats of his career were discovering the mathematical constant e (Euler’s number) and finding the sum of all natural numbers to be negative one-twelfth. While these discoveries are now rudimentary in the field of mathematics, they were breakthroughs of the 18th century. But how did Euler make these discoveries? The current teachings of mathematics at the time did not indicate a possibility for these discoveries; however, through Euler’s ingenuity and creativity, he was able to make discoveries beyond the imagination of man at the time.
The Scientific Revolution started off with people questioning their own beliefs. People mainly questioned the physical world at the time. Before the Scientific Revolution people only referred to the bible and churches when they had any questions. After/during the Scientific Revolution scholars began to use observations, experimentations, and the Scientific method to gather knowledge about the physical world. The Scientific method helped scholars a lot because any scientific question they had could be scientifically answered.
Archimedes is the most impactful and important mathematical genius that ever existed in humankind. Born in 287 BC in Syracuse, Italy, Archimedes is the son of the astronomer Phidias.Archimedes is most known for his accomplishments in mechanics and pi. Archimedes was instrumental in inventing many mechanical tools which have affected our history and the modern day world. In one case, Archimedes took the basic pulley and created a bigger compound system with additional non-stationary pulleys which allowed a person to lift great weights with only a fraction of the effort. Historically, he used a crane-like construction which used the compound pulley system to lift large Roman ships out of the sea, and drop them back down, causing them to break
Sixteenth-century physician Girolamo Cardano was not only a Renaissance man in the truest sense, but one of the most colorful figures of his era. He was born on September 24, 1501 in Pavia, Italy and is known as the “gambling scholar” and as “one of the greatest algebraist” of his time. Cardano was a man with many interests and professions including: law, medicine, astrology, and mathematics. Even though Cardano ended up having a lot of success later in his lifetime to only have it taken away, he had started off with a hard time. Not to mention that he was born illegitimate, was most of his life mistreated, and was unwanted by his parents.
Galileo Galilei was born on the 15th of February 1564 and died January 8th 1642. Galileo’s life was a very interesting one, with many achievements along the way. While Galileo was at university he discovered he loved maths and wanted that to be his career, unfortunately his family was short on money, which had forced Galileo to leave university without a degree. Galileo’s main achievement was convincing millions of people to the Copernican belief (sun was centre of the solar system) as to the Aristotelean belief (earth centre of solar system). At the time (1600 hundredths) the main astronomical theory was developed by Aristotle, and he believed that the Earth was the centre of the solar system, and that different objects with larger mass would fall at different rates.
Poincaré, known in his lifetime for his mathematical talents and layman-accessible literature, as well as being known for his polymath abilities, is now known more, as Mauro Murzi says, for his “conventionalism, against formalism, against logicism...against Cantor's treating his new infinite sets as being independent of human thinking,” (Murzi, Mauro). So, one of the unusual aspects of Poincaré’s scientific and mathematical reasonings was his integration of philosophy and science. His ideas were both criticized, and loved. Poincaré’s works of literature on science often shied away from the idea that a single idea could express the whole. For example, as his wrote, “Absolute space, that is to say, the point to which it would be necessary to refer the Earth to know whether it really moves, has no objective existence.
The reasons for each of the scientists popularity are very different. First of all, the astronomical discoveries made by Galileo are the reason for his fame. Secondly, The actions of Leonardo da Vinci, like the starting of the scientific revolution. Lastly, Nicolaus Copernicus
Nicolaus Copernicus was an extremely famous and important scientist, astronomer, mathematician, religious figure, and scholar during the 1500’s. He helped shape many of the theories and ideas about the universe that are prevalent in society today. His accomplishments were and still are considered infamous, and although not commonly accepted by people during his lifetime, his development of the heliocentric model of the universe is what we all currently believe to be true. Without his hard work and perseverance on his research, our views of our universe would be very different, and possibly quite incorrect, today. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19th, 1473 in Torun, West Prussia.