For example the Temple of Artemis has Gorgons Sculptures that come from the banister or the face of the temples entrance. As time moved on so did the improvements of architectural design. Orientalizing Period in Greece started in 700BCE and ended in 600BCE. This marked the start of Greek architecture due to the huge influx of trade which brought in new ideas from Egypt and NE. “Greeks attributed almost all of the great achievements to Daedalus-master of all arts Daedalic style.” Also trade brought Greeks into direct contact with monumental stone architecture.
From Greek mythology, we can learn about the favorable characteristics of humans, such as their behavior and valuable skills that were approved of by the ancient Greek society. We can also learn about what was viewed as immoral or of little value. In addition, reviewing the Greek myths allows us to determine that the Greek society was generally a patriarchal society and agricultural and war were strong elements that shaped the ancient Greek society. Greek mythology and religion were integral parts of the ancient Greek society. The Greeks followed a polytheist religion in which multiple gods represented various aspects of the nature as well as skills practiced by mankind.
As a start, the building types are many as the private houses, baths, as well as temples and theatres and these are our points; Firstly in temples, Greeks’ structures were invented to be the home of gods called Parthenon having an obsolete religion. As inside these sanctuaries they didn’t have spots of meeting, but obeying the penances and aimed to custom an individual god in them. These temples anyways were sometimes used to be storage of votive offerings. Subsequently, they are very unique in there style and very essential modeling construction. For examples, the palace of Knossos, and Athens acropolis.
They were used to mark the phases of life like womanhood or marriage, beginning of a journey, clearing of obstacles, for healing, pleasing the gods and thanksgiving, and were also commonly a part of festivals. For example, soldiers made drink offerings to gods before leaving for battle, there were purification rituals before political assemblies and the well-known rite of passage like the Brauronia festival at the sanctuary of Artemis at Brauron in eastern Attica which marks the coming of age of girls. The social orientation of the Greek religion was expressed in festivals which normally included not just rituals but also drama and musical plays and sports of competitive nature. The awards like wreaths of olives, amphoras filled with olive oil, money and animal for sacrifice which usually end up being dedicated to the deity in honour. People took part in the festivals in the spirit of religion and community.
The Greeks had a collection of mythological stories that were interesting and exciting. They believed these myths were true, worshipping the gods and making sacrifices. These myths were passed down for many years, at first being told by mouth, then they were written. In this paper, I intend on informing the reader on Greek Mythology. This topic is important because it is the base of Greek culture.
There are numerous types of mythology, but Ancient Greece is the one that has given an immense influence on modern society. Greek mythology’s effect on science was enormous; it involved the naming of planets, periodic table of elements and even constellations. The solar system’s planets and moons were named after Greek mythological characters. However, it was also given Roman version of it. “Sun, the center of our solar system was named after
Ancient Egyptian Practices and Beliefs Ancient Egyptian culture was comprised of numerous, rich practices and beliefs. The Ancient Egyptians believed in magic or heka which in their eyes created the world, healed them from their ailments, as well as gave them life after death. The Egyptians also had very structured practices when it came to temples and pyramids which served as places of worship for deceased pharaohs and places where images of the gods were displayed. Finally, the Egyptians also had set funeral practices that influenced their ways of life. Heka was a very important aspect in the Ancient Egyptians lives.
Homer depicted a festival dedicated to Poseidon in book three of the Odyssey; The festival consisted of the men there, nine groups of five hundred, butchering nine oxen per group. While they cooked the main course, the men ate the stomach lining of the bulls. The men the burnt the best thigh pieces for Poseidon and spilt their wine for him before they feasted in his name (“Festivals”). Ceremonies of this sort were commonplace in ancient Greece, because it held such cultural importance to appease their gods with offerings of the best meat and wine. Most of the festivals of Greece followed this type of ritualistic behavior of sacrificing meat to the gods, spilling their wine, and then feasting; The Olympics heightened this behavior to an extreme because it was the biggest and most important festival of the time.
What is Greek mythology? Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient greeks. These myths and teachings include stories of their gods, goddesses, and heroes. They were also used to explain the nature of the world and their origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. These stories were important to the Greeks, because the people of Greece learned good and bad behavior through the gods and goddesses actions.
Both the Greek and the Roman architecture inspired the cultures and architects until these days due to the diverse meaning they carry and symbolize in astonishing ways through the different orders, columns, roofs, friezes, and domes. The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome depict the splendor of these two cultures. Starting with the Parthenon, it was completely constructed in 432 B.C.E by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates to honor the Athen’s patron deity, Athena, and to house her statue. It is rectangular and consisted of a series of Doric columns. However, it is a mixture of the Doric and Ionic orders.