Early Enlightenment thinker John Locke presented philosophies which championed inalienable rights: life, liberty, and property. Liberty, in particular, becomes a most crucial topic in the debate deciding under what conditions the state should prohibit speech offensive to individuals or groups. More than a hundred years later, John Stuart Mill built upon and constructed reformed ideas that contrasted the early enlightenment and would transition to the Mature Enlightenment. In his works now classified as neoclassical utilitarianism, Mill also adds invaluable perspectives on societal progression and truth, which add to the everlasting discussion. While Locke’s philosophy would justify that governments can legitimately ban speech because of consent and humans’ impersonal ownership of themselves, Mill’s compelling ideas on progression and truth better avoid the slippery slope of setting precedent for limiting speech- a power a
It is worth mentioning Erasmus of Rotterdam, who was a humanist, as he found war anti-Christian and very brutal (‘Antipolemus, or, the Plea of Reason, Religion, and Humanity against War’), as Utopians do. However, prudence leads both men and women to train in these disciplines to be ready for any case that is presented to them. There are three important reasons to go to war: to defend their country, to defend their allies or to free their nation from tyranny.
As described above, the main purpose for the article written by both authors is to introduce and makes further discussion and argument on how sustainable marketing create values and importance in the consumers perception and its society. According to this article, the writer argues that there is a new era which is emerging and he is referring to this era as Marketing 3.0 (Jones, Peter, et al. 125). In this era, marketing is a value driven process where people are not viewed as target consumers based on demographic factors. Instead, they are considered as intelligent and thoughtful partners who have emotions, spiritual values and feelings.
The shift in the geographical location of the school also meant a shift in the approach to design. This resulted in the stylistic differences that can be seen in the work of Marcel Breuer The Bauhaus in Weimar tended to lean towards more experimental approaches to design, which increased exponentially during Germany’s defeat in World War 1, whereas the Bauhaus in Dessau favoured rationality in which the form followed the function (Willet,1984:
This was similar to the United States of America, as the US was also trying to industrialize with a purpose of factories and people working in them. A big factor of the industrialization that both America and Russia shared was that both of these countries had a very unfair system for workers. The pay was not great, and people who were poor had it even worse. There is even an old saying that fits this very well, “The rich get richer”. This is true because the people who were already poor, who were working for the money so they could afford things like homes, food, water, and clothing, were staying poor, because their pay was so low that at the rate of them using their money for necessities, they were earning barely enough to afford them.
Roosevelt faced many opponents in his rule for not doing enough or doing too much to help. He said “I am waging a war against Destruction, Delay, Deceit and Despair”. Roosevelt in the extremity of sorting out “destruction” and “despair” had to take drastic measures. As a result, the New Deal did not benefit everyone causing a great deal of controversy. Some of his policies were seen as an attack on individual freedom and the aging American constitution.
Assembly line has given the factories the ability to hire just about anyone who walks in. The deskilling of the workers is bad news for the ones actually working. The assembly made every worker in the company replaceable at any second. If the assembly was never adopted, workers would need to highly skilled and it would make them much more difficult to replace and it would secure their jobs. The wages would drop as well due to the lack of skill required to complete the work.
Factories are willing to objectify the lives of their employees, much of them being youth, in order to economize. Cutting costs is the primary interest of corporations, of which “‘the only thing they have substantial control over is labor’”, thus, the need for factory labor utilization (White, Atlantic). No one is safe from exhaustive factory labor, as researched by the Atlantic, a news magazine, who found that a Patagonia, a popular American brand, had found inspections that discovered “multiple instances of human trafficking, forced labor, and exploitation in Patagonia’s supply chain” (White, Atlantic). Factory labor, even voluntary, still involves abuse and work until exhaustion. Kathie Lee Gifford, a clothing designer who made a line at Wal-Mart, faced public humiliation when it was discovered that her clothes were being manufactured by “12 and 13-year-olds in Honduras” (Institute for Global Labor and Human Rights).
Many sources led to the Industrial Revolution including new production requirements and technological enhancements. For example, labor was changing in ways that workers were to do very little to no work being that a machine was taking their position. The worker was to do nothing, but
Later, she was found in contempt of court and was arrested. This shows how “The Universal Declaration of Human Rights” are not being enforced and are being ignored in today’s world. Article 23 states, “Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work, and to protection against unemployment” (579). This relates to today’s society because of the many sweat shops around the world. Citizens from third world countries fall victims to unsafe and unfavorable working conditions because their bosses take advantage of them.