Christian Monk 113082846 April-16-2016 India and the Taj Mahal Essay #3 The Art and History Behind the Taj Mahal Give a historical and artistic overview of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India, using your textbook and three additional online sources to discuss this important architectural complex. The Taj Mahal (also known as the “Shrine of Love” and the “The Jewel of Muslim Art in India”) is a very expansive tomb located in Agra India (previously the Mughal Empire) on the Yamuna River. Though India is the birthplace of Buddhism and Hinduism, “monumental tombs were not part of either the Hindu or Buddhist traditions” instead such grand burial chambers “had a long history in Islamic architecture” (Gardener). The Taj Mahal was built by ruler of the
The temple is known locally as the "Bave Wali Mata temple". The fort is located on a high plateau land overlooking the Tawi River on its rocky left bank. The forest area that surrounds the fort has been developed into a well laid out park called the “Bagh-e-Bahu”, developed on the lines of the Mughal Gardens from where a commanding view of the city of Jammu could be seen. The garden attracts a large number of visitors.
The complex was Sinan's first important imperial assignment and eventually one of his most ambitious architectural works, even though it was designed early in his long career. Entrance of the mosque is a marble-paved colonnaded with an area equal to that of the mosque itself. The courtyard starts with a portico
The Taj Mahal was a tremendous achievement by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. It was made in the heart and capital of the Mughal empire, Agra. Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal emperor. He formed this tomb as a burial place and as a monument of remembrance for his lost love, his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Known as the “Jewel of India”, it acts as a symbol of his love for his wife.
The Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan's incredible showstopper, may contrast positively and Edwin Lutyens' royal residence in New Delhi, yet after the demise of Aurangzeb large portions of the Mughal landmarks disintegrated; it took an English emissary to protect some of them from desolation. The Mughals fizzled on the grounds that they made little, if any, push to drag India out of the Middle Ages. The Mughal realm, composes Abraham Eraly, "falled path behind Europe, behind even China, Japan and Persia. There was not really any energy in the economy, meager soul of big business among the general population. In farming, industry and exchange, Indian practices were old.
The second temple discussed is the Airavatesvara temple, which was built in the town of Darasuram in the 12th century. Along with other temples of the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Alike the Mukteshvara temple it is also dedicated to Siva. The Airavatesvara temple is referred to as one of the Great Living Chola Temples
Pakistan was also influence by this growing movement of modern architecture. After 65 years of independence Pakistan is still grappling with the nature and its existence as secular or religious and therefore its identity. Kamil Khan Mumtaz was one of the most influent figure in architectural education and disclosure in Pakistan after its creation in 1947.he tried to create both pragmatic and philosophical aspects of architecture. He trained in modern movement at Architectural Association (AA), London. His search was more to explorer the appropriate architectural idioms for Pakistan.
There are also several Buddha and Hindu pilgrimage sites in Nepal. When the earthquakes struck, four of the nine world heritage sites in the Kathmandu valley were badly damaged and 45 monuments that had been preserved for centuries collapsed. This quickly decreased Nepal’s tourism
The viewpoints present at these points never fail to amaze anyone. Visitors can stop and commence their journey at their leisure by devouring the beauty of the place. There is even a shrine of Peer Bubo at the Razdan pass Salal Dam and Lake Jammu city, Jammu and kashmir It is the one of the largest Hydroelectric Project commission of the state. The Salal hydel power project built on the Chenab River is actually the first dam built on a rock pedestal. The Dam is can be visited by the visitors only after obtaining permission from the concerned authorities.