These structure and moment give us something to relate to the area. They serve as a landmark and an identity of that area. One must think what make these structures iconic? Is it the history of the thousand years such as pyramids is what it take to term a structure as ‘iconic’ or something as new and technological advanced like Burj Khalifa is enough to be called the marvel of architecture these days? Role of Economy Economy plays a major role in forming these ‘iconic structure’ of today.
Modernist architects had the idea of using man made materials, “rational” use of modern items. During the 19th century there were a variety of attempts to use modern technology to create a contemporary architectural style. With modern technology came heating and air conditioning systems, which allowed architects to manipulate the weather conditions. New materials like glass, steel, and concrete were embraced. Architects adopted the saying: less is more, which is applied to some 21st century buildings.
Architectural representation has always been one of the important aspects of architecture. There is no doubt that architecture is a representation of a certain idea, in a matter of fact, according to Plato, the whole world is. Whether this representation is intended or no, idea, message or just pure symbolic image comes out of whatever we call architecture. Representations are the most obvious in iconic buildings, which have significantly marked architectural practice in the last 10 years. When communication through media and images became dominant, architecture has found its way of operating in this new world of images through iconic architecture.
Architecture is an art, using familiar shapes and details in unexpected ways. (Hillier and Hanson, 1984) Architecture represents a social art, a cultural idea, and a profession catalyzed by new technologies, innovation, and a strong sense of conviction. Throughout time, architecture has persisted as one of the most profoundly important reflections of culture. (Alexander, Ishikawa and Silverstein, 1977) Building first evolved out of the dynamics between human needs and means. As human cultures developed and knowledge began to be formalized through oral traditions and practices, building became a craft, and "architecture" is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft.
A joint endeavor undertaken by scholars at the Bibliotheca Hertziana, Max Planck Institute for Art History in Rome, and the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin. The Epistemic History of Architecture, aims to tackle the theme of architecture as a historical form of knowledge. The object of study is not the building itself but rather the process of construction, to understand and incorporate implicit and explicit systems of knowledge. One of their researches is “Practice and science in early modern Italy building: Towards an epistemic history of Architecture”.
Any public space (place, avenue, fast track, parking, square, pond, lake…etc.) participates in the image of the city. They represent the city, with its essence and dynamicity. The form of architecture is an honest and lively expression of past and present values, it expresses the identity of any society, community, or a nation. As the concept of identity in Architecture is based on a theoretical view which is that the elements, shapes and variant aspects of architecture reflect the lifestyle of the people and the society that produces it.
(Yaari, 2008) The construction of the arch itself is classical. Using glass pillars and pediments to create an arch. Here they have taken two classical architectural elements and combined them by supplementing the arch with pillars and pediments. (Bofill,
Therefore, the ability of an architect to physically connect with the structure has a big influence on his design. The final design observed in a piece of architecture is the successful representation of what the architect’s body has been able to express towards other
“Life Enhancing Architecture has to address all of our senses simultaneously and fuses our experience of self with our experience of the world” Goethe presented this idea about the art work in 1890. This notion is developed later by many scientists and researchers. Architect Juhani Pallasmaa, in his book “The Eyes of the Skin-2005”, reinforced Goethe’s statement and gave a criticism that the visual sense is given primary attention in the built environment and as a result does not allow for most environments to contribute to people’s experience as completely as it could. The dominance of visual sense can be seen through history; in the ancient Greeks philosophers writings; for Plato “Vision is greatest humanity’s gift”, for Aristotle “Sight is the most noble of the senses because it approximates the intellect most closely
Architecture is the art, which above all others, combines expression, technology, and the satisfaction of the human needs Its purpose is to make places where people feel more human, more alive and more fulfilled. It has long been recognized that architecture is influenced by many forces, among them those articulated by Vitruvius in the first century B.C. But how often do we really pay serious attention to the needs of the user, to the behavioral, social and culture determinants of design, and the role of good design in affecting human behavior. Our research question was How does architecture affect the human behavior, thoughts, senses, perceptions, and decisions? Of course there were many studies that handled this issue