The Mesopotamian Architectural form is ancient architecture of the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system also known as Mesopotamia, when the first permanent structures were created. Among the Mesopotamian architectural achievements are the development of the ziggurats, which were huge pyramidal temple towers; the courtyard house, and urban planning. There was no profession of Architecture in Mesopotamia; but, managing construction for the government, the noble and the royal was done by scribes. The Mesopotamians regarded 'the craft of building ' as a divine gift taught to men by the gods. Egypt along with Mesopotamia were two of the world 's earliest city-based civilizations, establishing the foundation for Middle Western and Eastern history. Though they shared many broad similarities, such as polytheistic religions, written traditions and agricultural society, they also had many differences. These contrasts were to do with geographic alignment, political organization, cultural emphases, and other aspects. This has impacted innovative thinking and was the start of architectural evolution and is still used in twenty-first century design, and comprehensive planning.
“Monumental architecture is any structure of which its scale and elaboration exceed or surpass the requirements of any practical functions and purpose that a building in intended to perform.”(Trigger, 1990). This includes the most historical buildings and structures that have been created throughout the