Around 3500 to 3100 BCE, the rise of civilizations occurred in two different regions; one in Mesopotamia, another in Egypt. Mesopotamia was a vast open region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt was an isolated region along the Nile that runs from South to North. Blessed by the surrounding rivers, these two remarkable ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt developed socially, politically and culturally with unique features. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were similar in having a social class system to distinguish between different classes, as well as people’s value towards religion, and finally having the ability to pass information effectively.
Ancient Egypt was known for lots and lots of things but they are some major characteristics that made it as great as it was. In the following essay, the main characteristics of this civilization will be outlined and explained on what made this a great and lasting civilization that is still talked about to this day. No one can think of Egypt without picturing its magnificent architecture. Egypt is made really special by its one of a kind architecture, which includes the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, but also include so much more amazing buildings that were unique. It has left behind some of the most impressive buildings of the ancient world.
So these civilizations were founded all around the same time. There are many similarities and differences in their political characteristics, social/cultural characteristics, and economic characteristics. First, Mesopotamia and Egypt are both similar and different to India politically. In the Middle East, Mesopotamia had independent city-states governed by monarchs, and Egypt had Pharaohs rule the kingdoms as gods. A monarch would a king or a queen, and Pharaohs
Ancient Egyptian architecture is the construction of ancient Egypt, one of the most influential civilizations throughout history, in which industrialized a vast array of diverse structures and great architectural monuments along the Nile, including pyramids and temples. (Ancient Egyptian architecture, 2015). The architecture of Ancient Egypt - a country of two parts, which is Upper and Lower Egypt - reflected two major characteristics of Egyptian culture. As a result of these two issues, a huge amount of Egyptian architectural designs, building materials and labor force were devoted to the construction of huge Pharaonic grave complexes, identified as Pyramids, designed to preserve the Pharaoh 's body and defend his belongings after death, so as to facilitate his passage into the after-life. (Ancient Egyptian Architecture Series:Architecture of Ancient Egypt, n.d.) The great architectural achievements of the past are built of stone.
Because Gilgamesh was set around the time of late Babylonian or early Sumerian society, the Babylonian and Sumerian cultures also play a role in shaping the world into what is is today (Mark). These societies have developed inventions and ideas that have significantly affected today’s world such as, government, art, wheels mathematics, and many more (Garone). The cultures and themes from the story are displayed all across the text, and after studying Gilgamesh’s culture and story, it is evident that there are numerous cultural contribution to modern day society, such as gods, seeking revenge or love, and destroying enemies. More importantly, throughout the text, Gilgamesh was in a predicament trying to figure out the meaning of life and the value of human accomplishment (Mark). The culture of mankind has always been to seek the meaning of life, no matter the time period, religion, or community.
110030778 TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE VS MODERN ARCHITECTURE What is Architecture in general? Architecture is one of the oldest sciences that human beings has ever known in the entire history and most probably it 's the oldest. Architecture is the art or science of designing and building buildings, structures, objects and outdoor spaces, in different words, the planned design of any kind of system. Architecture is human, it 's for us, for people and their systematic arrangement of information or ideas, it is an integral part of our everyday life. Architecture is asymmetrical, it 's about rules, materials, forms and functions, It is death defying, mathematically inclined, invention and details, it is amazing!
The profession of civil engineering dates back to ancient Egyptian times, and at that time, the words civil engineer and architect were used interchangeably, meaning that the words meant the same and were used the same. Obviously, in today’s world, those two jobs are totally different from each other. The earliest practice of civil engineering or architecture was during ancient Egypt, building simple shelters. During that time, the first documented engineer was Imhotep in 2550 BC. He built the step pyramid for King Djoser and he famously discovered the art of building with shaped stones (The Civil Engg).
Besides the ingenious inventions of the Mesopotamians regarding irrigation, there is another invention which is also allocated to them which radically changed the organisation of society: writing. The Babylonians spoke and wrote Akkadian. This language appeared around 3500 BCE. It is the oldest Semitic language for which records exist. Akkadian cuneiform is a writing system which uses wedge shaped characters.
Based on the profound records, historiographers and analysts believe that early precision surveying originated in Egypt. History reveals a lot about how people accurately established their cities, monuments and kingdoms along with determining land ownership using boundary
RECONCILING CULTURAL CHARACTER IN CONTEMPORARY INDIAN ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURAL DISSERTATION 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 THE INDIAN PLURALITY The term ‘contemporary’ stands for anything of the present day. The contemporary architecture of India has evolved over time, with each era representing a certain unique style of its own. A style, which changed as the kingdoms and their rulers did. From ancient Buddhist and rock cut architecture to distinctive Hindu and Islamic styles, India had a culture so rich, that it inspired so many styles of architecture through the ages.