The international community must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing, and with the same emphasis (World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 1993). All Human Rights means it include civil and political, economic, social and cultural rights which are very important for each and every individual. Human rights are universal: here first emphasis given on universal declaration of human rights. In this declaration, there are 30 Article include all the basic rights which are universally adopted for every human beings to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedom regardless of their political, economic, and social or cultural system e.g.,- “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” (1st Article of UDHR). It’s unalienable because people’s rights can never be taken away.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights plainly expresses that regard to human rights and human nobility is “freedom, peace, and justice in the world" . After the two world wars, the UN concern for Human Rights has additionally turned into a noteworthy issue of International agenda. This evoked reaction for International
Since the end of World War II, human rights are a growing field. Human rights refer to the concept of universality that applies to all human beings on their rights and status, regardless of local jurisdictions, or other localized factors, such as ethnicity and nationality. Human rights, prerogatives that hold individuals, are generally accepted in civilized countries by law, by norms of constitutional or international conventions, so that all ensures compliance, including the State. The long-term goal of all governments is to ensure full respect for human rights worldwide. This means that human rights must not be violated.
The general interest on human rights in the world today comes from the opinion widely shared with French philosopher Jean Jacque Rousseau that “man, though born free, is everywhere in chains” (Domingnez, 1979: 25). In spite of the copious literature on the study of human rights, it does not lend itself to a fixed definition. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), “human rights are rights derived from the intrinsic dignity of the human person.” Human rights are the basic features of any true democratic setting because the essence of democracy itself is based on the notion of human rights. Human rights are usually viewed as the inalienable rights of people (Enebe, 2008). They are the legal prerogatives which every citizen could enjoy without fear of the government.
This rule, as initially placed in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been emphasized in various global human rights traditions, announcements, and resolutions. The 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, for instance, noticed that it is the obligation of States to advance and ensure all human rights and crucial opportunities, paying little respect to their political, financial and social frameworks. Human rights give individuals the opportunity to pick how they live, how they communicate, and what sort of government they need to establish, among numerous different things. Human rights likewise ensure individuals the methods important to fulfill their fundamental needs, for example, food, lodging, and instruction, so they can exploit all open doors. At last, by ensuring life, freedom, fairness, and security, human rights ensure individuals against misuse by the individuals who are all the more intense due to more money or power.
They are also inalienable rights, because no matter how inhumanely we act or are treated we cannot become other than human beings” (NORMAN, M. J., op. cit., p. 11). Human rights are considered and officially accepted as universal, regardless of their genesis or cultural manifestation. History and experience show, however, that respect for the dignity and rights of human beings cannot be taken for granted: they must be constantly fostered and vigorously guarded (BÖSL A., and DIESCHO, J., 2009, p. 2). In African countries which claim to be democratic, a so-called human right is not a right as such.
It has been argued by scholars that human rights are rights that are applicable to everybody by virtue of being human beings. All human beings are holders of human rights , irrespective of what they do, where they come from, where they live and from (i.e. their nationality and their community ). However, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 (UDHR) , and the UN Conference in Vienna 1993 reconfirming the validity of the universality of human rights, has faced a lot of criticism from different sides of scholars like RENTELN, because of its alleged western origin . And also, the flagrant postulation that the western race and culture is superior to other race and culture.
Human rights are’’ commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled because she or he is human being’’ human rights are thus conceived as universal [applicable everywhere] and egalitarian [the same for everyone] these rights may exist as natural rights as legal rights, in both national and international law. The doctrine of human rights in international practice within government organizations, has been a cornerstone of public policy around the world .in the idea of human rights it says,’’ if the public discourse of peacetime global society can b said to have a common moral language it is that of human rights.’’ Despite this, the strong claims made by the doctrine of human rights continue to provoke
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Migrant human rights statutes in Malaysia and internationally Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms to all humans no matter they are immigrants or citizen of that country. The foundation of human rights are underlined under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed by the General Assembly in 1948.The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is foundation for the basic rights of all human beings, regardless of their citizenship or immigration status.These rights are not conditioned on citizenship. The declaration lists the human rights that are now known as the basic ones in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural fields. The first article of Universal Declaration of Human
Human rights are very important to citizens around the world, so that equality and order will be applied for each person. In the past, very few people had rights, only the rich and powerful were the ones who were capable of owning such privileges. However, people evolved over time and believed that no individual is different from another, on the other hand, this discrimination was made by one’s morality. Islam supported the idea of equality to everybody men, women, and children. “They are “rights” because they are things you are allowed to be, to do or to have.