Selfishness (Ayn Rand’s opinion and whether or not I agree.) The motives behind selfishness are simple really: to further yourself through your own ambitions without consideration for others. It is often said that selfishness can ruin the best of people. Athletes who are said to be selfish are considered a burden on the team, no matter the benefits they may be able to provide.
Thomas Hobbes argued that, instead of an altruistic approach, we do deeds out of charity, and it is a demonstration of power. If we help others, we show people that we are more resourceful than others. Another one is pity. We pity others because we imagine ourselves in their place. Helping others is actually a fear of how we might end up, and if we help them, they will help us in return when the times comes.
She thought on the fact that your interest is yours is not relevant to their importance relative to the importance of the interest of others. So, it is a mistake to treat your own interests as if they are more important than the interest of others. Personally, I agree with Ayn Rand’s view supporting ethical egoism. I’ve realized that I only do whatever I choose to do for my own self benefit and self-interest.
M. Hare’s argument, it can be seen that there exists some issues with utilitarianism. Or, simply apply utilitarianism to this world, and use utilitarianism code to make every decision is wrong since the code of utilitarianism loss consistency in real world. According to utilitarianism, the best moral action is the one that maximizes utility, or happiness. However, happiness is complex. It is generally acknowledged that people who have their physical and emotional needs satisfied and their human rights guaranteed are happy.
Consequentialist believe that morality is about producing the right overall consequences, and that the action brings about either happiness, freedom or survival of species. Utilitarianism is an example of consequentialism that maximizes utility (happiness). The difference between utilitarianism and consequentialism is that a utilitarian overlooks justice, as long as an utilitarian can maximize pleasure they would do whatever it takes. Consequentialist enjoy maximizing pleasure like a utilitarian, but they also take into account autonomy and justice. A consequentialist believes that determining good by measuring the outcome, if the good for all in the act is greater than the bad for all in the act, it is deemed morally good.
In Ayn Rand’s argument, she says “The ethics of altruism prescribes that we sacrifice our interests and lives for the good of others.” This is true as we see it, Altruism is a way of living, but when living this lifestyle, one will never be happy. Ayn Rand also says “Ethical egoism prescribes that we seek our own happiness exclusively, and as such it is consistent with the happiness goal.” We also know this is a way to live. Ayn Rand’s intent of the argument was to show that selfishness is a way to live.
It can be demolishing when it serves only a person’s own needs who is a sender and fails to consider the needs of the person on the receiving end. It must be kept in mind that it should be given to help, not to hurt. We also, most of the times give feedback because it makes us feel better or gives us a psychological advantage. Remember: To truly learn to respect yourself, you have to be aware of yourself that what kind of person you really are. If someone gives you constructive feedback, you may use that for self-improvement.
Perhaps, the main hoe wants to maintain a certain image, and that image involves being in a stable relationship. In this situation, the innocent significant other is only used as a tool to help the main hoe achieve the outward validation he or she wants (since the relationship itself is not the “end” for the main hoe). As for the pro-side hoe argument that used the Theory of Utilitarianism to argue that the existence of side-hoes is moral, there appeared to be some logical flaws. The main argument, that the existence of the side hoe increased the overall happiness of all involved may not have been valid. The conclusion that, “overall happiness was maximized” did not necessarily follow from the premises that the innocent significant other was kept in the dark, and that the main hoe and his side hoe were happy together.
Therefore, any action that makes one feel good about themselves is inherently selfish because their subconscious motivated them to chase these feelings. From these Baconian observations of the way people act, and dissections of three different levels of society and their motivations for what they do, my belief that selfishness is a part of human nature stays