Popper believes while a science is set up to challenge its claims and look for evidence that might prove it false, a pseudo-science is set up to look for evidence that supports its claims. In general, science seeks falsifications and it is testable but pseudo-science seeks
Epistemic Knowledge -what is it and why is it important? Epistemic knowledge is a knowledge of building knowledge itself, the crucial components of involved in the process of building knowledge and the capacity of justifying the knowledge produced by science such as a hypothesis, a theory or an observational claims(diSessa, 1993; Duschl, 2007). Epistemic knowledge plays a paramount role on how we know what we know. Such knowledge enables to understand the nature of science(diSessa, 1993). Understanding nature of science demands to identify scientific theory from hypothesis as well as scientific facts from observations (Hammer, 1994; Laudato, 2010).
Therefore, the researcher uses it as the framework for the research methodology. Based on this framework, in order to make sure that the findings are accurate, a deductive approach is carried out. This implies the existing theories are utilized to help deduce solutions to the current problems or the research gaps identified in the literature review. Therefore, the focus of the research is not about proposing or forming new theories, but to extract the required solutions by either extending the current knowledge corpus to meet the objectives of the research or by refining the same through re- structuring the existing details to make it more suitable for the current research aim. In order to achieve this, a deductive approach will lead to more accurate findings than presenting new theories (Anderson, 2009).
“All progress is born of inquiry. Doubt is often better than overconfidence, for it leads to inquiry, and inquiry leads to innovation or invention” -Hudson Maxim This section aims to explore the methodological tools and techniques that are implemented in the research project for fulfilling the aims and objectives. The section explores various subs –sections such as philosophical posture of the study, approach to the research, research strategy and methods to deduce the arguments with substantiated evidence. There has been paramount importance given to this chapter. The importance of research design and methodology has been also been noted by (Kothari, 2006).
In my opinion, reproducibility and replicability of experiments are important parts of the scientific method. To start with the replicability, why is this an important feature in science? When data is replicable it becomes more reliable. Repeating scientific experiments allows you to identify falsification, flukes and mistakes. Mistakes can be incorrect entering of data or misreading of results.
Explain the meaning of scientific method. Answer/ Hypothetic-deductive method: mixing between deductive and inductive methods to and of process of: 1- Explanation of a problem. 2- Creating a hypothesis from conclusion(observation). 3- Implications their chart by created by deduction. 4- Testing theoretical or practical of the hypotheses.
There is difference between “research” and “scientific research”. So, let’s try to define “research” ourselves. Research is the act of trying to gather information and facts about anything one might lack in knowledge, and the reason for it might be varying. Sometimes it’s just curiousity. Sometimes it’s because of a decision that must
This will ensure that they gather legitimate data and well-grounded correlations that can be used to create a new hypothesis or confirm or deny an already established one (Punch et al. 2013). Apart from that, Macionis and Plummer (2011) reveal that sociologists need to possess general skills such as theorising and critical thinking since they need to put meaning to their data and question everything they already
Critical realism refers to a philosophical approach that incorporates a general philosophy of science with that of social science to illustrate an interface amongst social and natural world. Interpretivism depends upon both the prepared analyst and the human subject as the instruments to gauge a few phenomenon. Research philosophy will be helpful