Case 1 is a 16-month-old male Fold presented for right forelimb lameness. He has not shown any skeletal obscurity during first 20 weeks which are average age line for diagnosis of SFOCD. The radiographs of affected paw showed changes in the limbs consistent with SFOCD, including malformed metacarpal and metatarsal bones and periarticular new bone formation. Inspection showed foreshortening of the distal limbs(R Malik et al., 86). Case 2 is a 6-year-old Fold showing the locomotor problem.
The adequacy of mouth opening is often assessed by measuring the inter-incisor distance. An interincisor distance of 3 cm provides sufficient space for intubation, if other complicating factors are absent. This corresponds approximately to two finger breadths. The two finger breadth test is performed by placing the examiner 's
Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is considered the main leguminous crop grown in Egypt. It is grown for dry seed and fresh consumption. It is an important legume crop due to its high nutritive value in both energy and protein contents. At the same time faba bean offers ecosystem services such as renewable inputs of nitrogen into crops and soil via biological ambient N2 fixation (Jensen et al., 2010). Production of faba bean in Egypt is still limited and fails to face the drastic increasing of local consumption, this is related to the cultivated area of faba bean in Egypt is relatively small and decreased dramatically in the last decade.
Bambara groundnut is an underutilised crop predominantly grown in African countries [19,20] and is mainly cultivated in Sub-Saharan Africa's warm tropics . Bambara groundnut is very nutritious, having 65% carbohydrate content and 18% protein . The need for locally sourced raw material for pharmaceutical manufacturing is critical as it lowers manufacturing costs, creates jobs in multiple areas like planting, harvesting, and crop storage . A previous study  investigated the heat stability and pasting properties of the native and modified starches, however the objective of the present study was to investigate the compression, mechanical and release properties of thermal and chemically modified starches from Bambara nut in Ibuprofen tablet formulations as directly compressible and sustained release excipients. Ibuprofen was chosen as the model drug for this study because of it known poor compaction properties , in order to assess the influence of the starch-based excipients on the formed tablets.
In fact, the marginal fit (MF) opening value has very important clinical significance. The maximal MF opening should not exceed 100 µm to safeguard the long-term success of the crown. The Greater values may compromise the biological and periodontal integration of the crown, its durability, cement integrity, and health of the
INTRODUCTION Areca nut/betel nut is the fourth most common addictive product after tobacco, alcohol and caffeine. The word ‘areca’ is derived from the Malay word adakka or from adakeya (Indian).1 In the South East Asian region (SEAR), with respect to smokeless tobacco (SLT) consumption, India ranks second after Myanmar.2 Currently 10% of the world population or nearly 700 million individuals globally might be areca nut consumers.3 The consumption of areca nut is seen to be almost on par with SLT in the SEAR. Areca nut is commonly known as supari in India, as puwak in Sri Lanka, as gua in Bangladesh, as mak in Thailand, as pinang in Malaysia, as daka in Papua New Guinea, pugua in Guam and as Kun-ywet in Myanmar.4 Areca nut is the seed obtained from the ripe fruit of the tropical palm, Areca catechu; the fruit is initially either sun-dried, heat-cured or fermented, followed by shelling, to obtain the “nut” for oral consumption.3 Areca nut is consumed either alone or in combination with SLT and other additives such as slaked lime. Similar to tobacco, areca nut has also been categorized as a group I carcinogen by the
Pinang which has a scientific name Areca catechu has a straight high stem with a height of 25 meters. Betel trees do not produce fruit that can be consumed directly, but the betel nut has been widely used by our ancestors as a traditional medicine. Pinang trees are grown for the use of seeds or stems, now betel nut has become a commodity trading. The betel nut that has a bitter taste, contains alkoloids such as arecaine (arecaine) and arekolina (arecoline). Where the content is toxic and addictive properties.
The nut derived by peeling the tender nut, are processed as per the variety required (i.e, whole nut, two pieces, 8pieces etc), boiled in water and then sun dried. The white variety i.e, chali variety of areca is mainly grown in south Karnataka and north Karnataka and north parts of Kerala. The red variety of arecanut is mainly cultivated in Shimoga, Chikkamagluru, North Karnataka, chitradurga, tumkur districts of kerala. The arecanut or supari, what we call as bazaar stock, will have to graded in to several varities to suit their consumer taste. The bazaar stock received is first garbled by hand picking and classified into different varities like Mora, moti, vachras, Jamnagar, jinni, lindi,