In accordance with Kant's method of thinking you have to start by creating a maxim. The maxim in the situation would be, I will break the law when doing so it will allow me to do much more good for humanity, in order to promote the goal of maximizing public safety. To check the maxim, we have to follow the two principles that fall under the categorical
Utilitarianism is a teleological ethical theory based on the idea that an action is moral if it causes the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. The theory is concerned with predicted consequences or outcomes of a situation rather than focusing on what is done to get to the outcome. There are many forms of utilitarianism, having been introduced by Jeremy Bentham (act utilitarianism), and later being updated by scholars such as J.S. Mill (rule utilitarianism) and Peter Singer (preference utilitarianism). When referring to issues of business ethics, utilitarianism can allow companies to decide what to do in a given situation based on a simple calculation.
1) Philosopher Kantian ethics; According philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), statement that opposed “utilitarianism” believed that certain types of action like this including murder, “theft”, and “lying” is absolutely prohibited and no moral austerity to break the given law even in the cases where the action would bring about happiness the alternative. Clearly stated that there are two question that must answered by someone before decide to act something like that ("KANTIAN ETHICS", 1924 - 1804). 1, “will that everyone act like that when propose to act” and if the answer is no, then not permitted to perform because not have any obligation. 2, “dose the action respect the goals of human beings rather merely using them for the purpose”? Again if the answer is no, then must note perform the action.
This absolute, universal law goes against the schemes of Marlee and Nick. Kantians also follow the maxim that every person is an end and not a means to an end. Thus while some utilitarians would accept the scheme, a Kantian would not in any circumstance accept it as it is basically using the gun manufacturer and it’s workers as a mean to an end as stated earlier. Another Kantians would not accept the schemes of Nick and Marlee, and the result of said schemes is due to an important principle brought about by Immanuel Kant which denotes that “…no human being should be thought of or used merely as a means for someone else’s end” (Thiroux and Krasemann 55). That principle is referred to as the Practical Imperative.
To look at whether restraint is ethical, Utilitarianism and Kant’s ethical theory can be applied to cases where patients have been restrained. These theories have different ways for deciding if an act is acceptable or not. Utilitarian theory is the belief (based on morals) that an action is right if it creates the greatest good for the most people. It is based on the calculated consequence or outcome of a specific action. If somebody using an utilitarian approach thinks an action would bring the most pleasure or happiness to the majority of people then it would be the right thing to do.
For example, things that seem good like wit, money, or intelligence, are only good to the extent that they bring us other things. Kant stresses right action, the action done from duty without self-interest, and goodness, which is based on motivation and intention. One of Kant’s ideas was that of the categorical imperative, in which you act as though you maxim might become a universal law. There are two forms of the categorical imperative, the formula of the universal law and the law of humanity. The form that most fits the trolley
Abstract Scholars subscribe to the view that the most potent way of determining the usefulness of any good theory is its applicability to existing societal realities. John Stuart Mill’s theories of liberty, the subjection of women and utilitarianism represents such theories and have helped to shape up the frame of thought of many constitutions in human history. This is evidenced by the attention paid by such constitutions to certain concepts like, freedom, liberty and equality. Mill is considered among the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism for he contributed widely to social theory, political theory and political economy. However, Mill’s act utilitarianism principle has been greatly criticized by various academics and
The divine command theory, utilitarianism, Kant’s duty defined morality, natural law theory, and Aristotle’s virtue ethics are the five types of ethical theories. The divine command theory states that what is morally right and wrong will be decided by God. Utilitarianism states that “Action “A” is morally right if and only if it produces the greatest amount of overall happiness. Kant’s duty defined morality states that what is important is acting for the sake of producing good consequences, no matter what the act is. Natural law theory states that people should focus on the good and avoid any evil.