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Nietzsche's Influence On Homerian Characters

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Argument: Nietzschean Zarathustra is an advanced copy of Homerian Achilles. Achilles served as a model for creation of Zarathustra and as a result their patterns of behaviour have much in common. Therefore, this paper will employ Nietzchian philosophy to give psychological inside into Homerian characters.

Acampora, Christa Davis. "Nietzsche Contra Homer, Socrates, and Paul." The Journal of Nietzsche Studies 24 (2002): 25-53. Jstor. Web. 20 Nov. 2015. .
The author here reveals the contestant nature of Nietzsche's perception of Homer. Nietzsche was influenced by Homer in a way that he percieved the latter as the first who questionned the Greek culture and understanding of human life and the one who first revaluated it. Through doing this
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The vengeance may either direct itself to the outer world or manifest itself in forcing others to suffer or turn to the inside and lead to self-abasement. The author applies the notion of ressentiment on Homer's Illiad and especially discusses Achilles' rage as its manifestation. "The entire Illiad is a story of poisonous, impotent vengefulness"(43).
"In fact we recognize in Homer's story of Achilles both levels of the economics of ressentiment described by Nietzsche, the empirical level, at which Achilles suffers an actual injury for which he demands compensation and, behind this, the transcedental level at which the injury of time - Achilles'death sentence, sealed at his birth - is the true, ultimate cause of his resentfulness and not for which he demands compensation"(45). The text helps provides the Nietzschean interpretation of Achiles' actions and demonstrate him as a vengeful person, whose desire to avenge destroys
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The chapter focuses on his desillusionment that leads to allienation and the state of denial. The author claims that what makes Achilles a hero and what his "heroic" behaviour is based on is the devaluation of material values, which makes him different and alien to the society he lives in. As the author claims most of 20th century make Achilles' refusal of material values the center of their analysis of his behaviour and "assume a common problem - "Achilleus rejects material compensation" - and adopt subjective approaches to resolve it. As a result, an "essential" conception of Achilleus' heroic identity has been all but naturalized for modern readers"(4). TThe book presents the common for 20th century interpretation of Achilles bahaviour and nature of his heroic identity, which creates a starting point for my analysis of Achilles' psychology through
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