It has led to a rise in the recidivism rates of prisoners. Recidivism refers to the repetition of criminal behavior (James, 2011). According to the United States Bureau of Justice 2010 statistics report, three-quarters of released prisoners are constantly rearrested for new crimes and more than half of these go back to prison in a period of two to three years after their release. Ex- inmates account for an approximated 19 percent of all arrests (Phelps, 2013, p.55). Criminals who return to the community are also most of the times worse off after a period of confinement than when they entered.
“About 85 percent [of California prisoners] are substance abusers. Under the terms of their parole, they are subjected to periodic drug tests. But they are rarely offered any opportunity to get drug treatment. Of the approximately 130,000 substance abusers in California’s prisons, only 3,000 are receiving treatment behind bars” (Schlosser 75). It seems mind boggling that although drug tests for parolees are consistently enforced,
The risk of a miscarriage of justice, and therefore the parameters of long sentences, such as life imprisonment, but the sentence under brutal conditions. Incidence [Edit] Various studies estimate that in the United States, between 2.3 and 5 percent of all prisoners are innocent.  The study estimated that as many as 10,000 people may be wrongly convicted of serious crimes each year.
Elderly offenders are a number of men and women ages 55 years and older that face life sentence or waiting for parole. There are more male than female prisoners there's about 42% white prisoners, 33% are black and around 15% hispanic. Elderly prison have grown from 32,600 in 1995 to 124,400 in 2010. They say that about the year 2030 will approach one third of the total prison population. Elderly prisons are two to three times more expensive than younger offenders, they could be up $72,000 per year for medical care and housing.
Alcohol is very predominate throughout the novel. The latest studies on this issue indicates that according to the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, Approximately 5.4 million people ages 12–20 engaged in drinking The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism states that more than 1.3 million teenagers have a drinking problem. The National Institute reports that the reason for underage teenage drinking is they believe in a mixture of rebellion towards their parents and a sign of maturity. Another reason for teenage drinking is it represents a daring gesture. Scientists
The Bureau of Justice did a survey to see how many offenders went back to prison after they were released. They followed 404,638 prisoners after they were released and within 3 years 68.7% of the prisoners were arrested again. Also, by the time 5 years passed from their release the percentage went up to 76.6%. (National Institute of Justice, “Recidivism”) What this data means
“There were so many of us who would have to live with things done and left undone that day.” (Green, 214). Rather than looking at the profane things and banning the novel, the reader can look at the lessons and learn from this. Suicide and substance abuse are very widespread topics. Each day in the United States, there is an average of 5,400 suicide attempts among teenagers (True Facts). Also, more than 23 million people in the U.S. suffer from substance addiction (Youth Suicide).
Prison Overcrowding in America In our country today, we account for roughly five percent of the world’s population, yet we hold over twenty-five percent of the globe’s inmate population. According to John Irwin, we currently imprison more people for lesser crimes than any other country in the world. In 1987 alone, our prison population rested steadily at just 500,000 incarcerated inmates in the U.S. Although in the past twenty-seven years, the American prison population has actually quadruped to almost 2.4 million (Pratt, 2009). With that being said, we as a nation hold the highest recidivism rates compared to any other country.
There are more than 600,000 registered sexual offenders in the United States. The high majority of these sex criminals will be released back into the community and the recidivism rate for these individuals remain high. One in four will eventually recidivate within 15 years. Zott (2007) found “It costs about $22,000 per year, excluding treatment, to incarcerate an offender. Community supervision and treatment can cost between $5,000 and $15,000 per year” (pg.
In 1905 cocaine had became more popular to snort than any other way. Within five years hospitals started to notice many reports of nasal damage that had been due to the use of cocaine. In 1912 the government had found out that their had been 5,000 deaths related to cocaine in a result of one year. Then finally as of 1922 cocaine had been officially banned. During 1990 the Colombian drug cartels
“ We are not moving nearly fast enough to reduce incarceration… Over 2 million Americans live caged… a 550 percent increase in the last 40 years. ” Most of the people in the world are in jail. Therefore , incarceration is not lowering due to people being imprisoned on a daily basis. Half of the people in the world commit very bad crimes , which lead them to be imprisoned. “ Rape and sexual abuse are rampant , and tens of thousands of people
The alleged victim brought these charges against Cosby just weeks before the state’s twelve year statute of limitations ran out. However, had the alleged sexual assault occurred just two states over in Connecticut, her time would have already expired. The victim then would have had just five years to bring charges against Cosby. Cases like this further demonstrate how the statutes of limitations varies state by state. This concept may lead to cases like Cosby’s, but overall, these statutes work to keep the justice system running
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.
In the last thirty years, incarceration rates have skyrocketed to four times of that in 1980, with 1 in every 31 adults being under some form of correctional control. (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”) The US now houses 25% of the world’s prisoners, despite containing only 5% of the world’s population. (Khalek) Many factors have contributed to this sharp increase in incarcerations, including zero-tolerance policies, and the school-to-prison pipeline and the War on Drugs (“Criminal Justice Fact Sheet”). However, the largest contributors are the prison industrial complex, which targets and criminalizes minority groups, and the dependence of for-profit prisons on inmate count and prison labor. Privatized prisons made a comeback during the 1980s,
Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008). As a result of the war on drugs, the total number of individuals incarcerated went from 581,000 in 1980 to 1,584,000 by 1997. Strict drug laws have caused incarceration rates to escalate at an alarming pace over the last 40 years. According to the Bureau of Justice Statics, in 1996 the African American incarceration rate was 1,574 per 100,000, seven times higher than the rate for Whites. Researchers have discovered that the war on drugs has led to the overcrowding of African Americans in the prison system (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).