The controversial topic that I chose to do my research paper on is whether or not animal testing should be used in scientific experiments. This topic is important because 26 million animals are used annually in the U.S alone. I chose this topic because of the strong views of both sides and how well backed up they are. This is a major discussion that has been going on for years with no apparent resolution in sight. There are two sides to using animal testing, which are that using animals has helped us in experiments, making us able to test on living subjects without using human volunteers, and that animal testing is abusive, cruel and unnecessary because of the other resources we could use, being that animals are different from humans.
For many years scientists used animal testing guilt-free and had made many medical advances using it’s methods. However, recently there have been more studies that suggest animal cognition. People such as animal activists have been fighting this animal abuse. Activists argue for the animal’s well-being for the alternatives, but there are benefits for humans from to animal testing, many medical advances have been made with it’s help. The question that emerged was if
According to the article,” Animal testing has also been instrumental in saving endangered species from extinction, including the Black Footed Ferret, the California Condor and the Tamarins Of Brazil”(5). Not only can animal testing help humans, it can also help the scarcity of certain species of animals. Animal testing is a two in one. “ If vaccines weren't tested on animals, millions of animal would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, and anthrax” (5).
Although alternatives like vitro methods (testing on human cell and tissue) and silico models (computer-modeling techniques) have been introduced, the government still preferably uses animal experimentation - this needs to end. Animal testing should be stopped because it’s expensive, unreliable, and unethical. Imagine how many lives could be saved if we took appropriate measures against this injustice. 16 billion American tax dollars are funded each year toward animal experimentation. To spend this vast amount of money is ludicrous, especially because there are other methods that companies could use that are cheaper, more effective, and don’t risk the life of animals.
Procon.org reads, “If vaccines were not tested on animals, millions of animals would have died from rabies, distemper, feline leukemia, infectious hepatitis virus, tetanus, anthrax, and canine parvovirus.” The main debate over testing on animals is that people want the animals’ well being to be taken care of. It is understandable that some will sympathize with them however, if their goal was to keep an animal healthy then the best option would be to let the animal be tested on so that it can be cured. Taking away animal testing will also take away an animal’s last option in surviving. There is an argument that the animals will not be taken care of because they must go through inhumane acts in order to be tested and they would never benefit from testing.
Scientists are not only hurting animals in the process but also putting patients’ in danger. “(W) e have cured mice of cancer for decades”... ”It simply didn’t work on humans” (Moore2). It is just a poor predictor of their effect on humans (Hamil 2). Our world has been introduced to so many new methods as to where we can simulate human’s reaction to different experiments.
The lives saved may outweigh the lives lost but it does not mean we can overlook the pain and suffering caused to these animals to get to the treatments and vaccines. People who feel that they can’t allow animal testing for any reason can choose to refuse treatments that have been created through animal tests. However, this means refusing almost all treatments that have been created. Technology is advancing every day and maybe one day, hopefully soon, animals will be replaced by machines and no longer need to suffer. Animal testing may not always be the most sound or successful way to find the answers but right now there is sometimes no other option.
Also drugs and vaccines applied on animals fail on human clinical trails. However, Animal testing plays a vital role in a great medical advances and participate in many life-saving cures and treatments in last few centuries. Animal testing plays an important and effective role in both human health and veterinary as well . Firstly, for human health ,
Introduction Animals testing have significantly contributed to the advancement of scientific knowledge in general and to biomedical progress specifically. Many example showing that laboratory animals in medical development and other aspects have significantly influenced human health and reduced suffering, for example improved diagnosis of infectious disease (Hau, Jann, Schapiro & Steven, 2002). But since 1960s and 1970s, animals testing protests has gained prominence and strength, people start to argue is it moral to continue “cruel” animal testing. Animal Testing is a Moral Act In the rest of this article, I shall apply different concept under utilitarianism try to discuss whether animal testing are moral acts. It is important to notice that (1) in this article, applying the general idea of utilitarianism which is “the greatest happiness of greatest number” and (2) the animals testing under the rules and regulations.
As I researched, I found out a lot of things. Campaigns, how the animals were being treated, etcetera. Throughout the years, Animal Experimentation has become an serious issue. Animals all around the world are tested, and many have died during the experiment.
This relief of human suffering has been highly debated for many years. Animal testing has been a controversial topic that many companies and activists either strongly fight against or stand for. As previously mentioned, animal testing has assisted in scientific research to develop new products and vaccinations. For
Those animals are subjected to this cruelty for the sole purpose of being used in classroom teaching, despite alternative teaching methods being available that have been reported as being more effective and actually saves the schools money. Supporters of animal testing will argue that in the past, most medical breakthroughs involved some form of animal research. That is true. Experimental drug testing on animals was a successful way of discovering cures for diseases in the past. An excellent example is the discovery of insulin to treat diabetes.
There is much controversy over whether or not animals should be used to test new procedures and medications. I personally believe that animal testing is crucial to scientific development. Every life lost is a tragedy but as seen in the story, Flowers for Algernon, by Daniel Keys, it will help us determine what will happen to a human test subjects without human losses. In this essay I will support my belief that animal research is important to human survival and is worth the risk. Animal research has played a vital part in nearly every medical breakthrough over the last decade.
The three R(s) fuel the fire of the argument that alternatives should be used in place of animal testing. Kelly Overton, a renowned activist, claims in her article Stop Animal Testing that animal testing is an obsolete practice by comparing it to old telegrams and eight track tapes. There are many others like her that believe animal testing should be replaced with newer methods such as stem cell research. However, the ethical debate of using animals for testing pales in comparison to the ethical debate of using stem cells; more studies need to be conducted before stem cells can be fully utilized but it does have great potential. According to PLOS Biology, a renowned peer reviewed scientific journal, it is possible for alternatives to be used as a complementary resource with the research of toxicology but more research and time is needed before they can completely replace animal testing in most cases.
Why animal testing is necessary People would argue that animal testing is essential to find cures for illness. Animal testing has helped find, develop cures and treatments. Since in the past 100 years of testing it has resulted in many successes. Experimentation in dogs helped lead to the discovery of insulin, but the dog’s pancreas were removed as a result.