Pauli Murray Creating a trail for racial and gender equality in a time where women, especially black women were seen as woefully inferior, Pauli Murray was an educator, poet, and a women’s right advocate. Anna Pauline Murray was a strong women who didn’t take no for an answer. She chose to be called Pauli Murray and was born on November 20, 1910. She grew up in Baltimore, Maryland and was very lonely as a girl (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauli_Murray#Women.27s_rights). She was treated with disrespect and hatred, because of her gender and race.
Florence Kelley was a famous Progressive-Era social reformer known for her protective legislation on working women and children. From a young age, she committed herself to social reform like at Hull House in Chicago and also as the first general secretary of the National Consumers League. She later helped start National Association for the Advancement of Colored People(NAACP) who policy was “to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination.” The famous case of Muller V. Oregon showed Florence’s conquest to establish labor laws against working long hours and bad working conditions. This case paved a way into new ideas and eventually created the labor unions we have today Florence’s father, Congressman William Kelley, was a social activist who fought for the poor.
Throughout her life, Nellie McClung strove to improve life, not just for women but for all Canadians. She was an active suffragette, writer, and politician. McClung was born in Chatsworth, Ontario, on October 20, 1873. When she was seven years old, she moved to Manitoba, which was where she contributed to the suffragette movement later in her life. When she was 23, she married and moved to Winnipeg, where she continued to fight for change for women.
All throughout the beginning half of the 20th Century, Blacks, who were still in the full-fledged war against oppression, were finally starting to make some progress. By the year 1941, through legal battles, blacks were able to organize individuals on the ground, Executive order 8802(first federal action to promote equality and prohibit employment discrimination) and even the educational system had begun to desegregate. Despite the fact that there was a huge push back against Jim Crow through legal action, the south was not willing to concede. With new legislation in place, that was designed to promote equality, individuals are known as the Freedom Riders entered the south to challenge segregation at its very core.
Through the centuries, art can differ and appear in several ways, but art will always have a positive effect on people. Art can be defined as a way to express what you feel or to create an emotional response from the person exposed to art. Art can make the person exposed to it remember great memories that warm the heart. Artists create art because it’s their talent and passion; however, they unconsciously shape lives and history with their artwork. Several artists, such as William Edmondson and Selma Burke create art because it is their calling and influence others to strive for something better with their artwork.
Hunter Johnson CRN 10774 Term Paper Political Actors are not just any elected officials, but they can be any organization, group, or person that has an influence on any political issue. In the Texas affirmative action case, many political actors are involved. Edward Blum runs a group who is working on ending affirmative action. He was along side Abigail Fisher helping her though this case. Another political actor was Justice Clarence Thomas.
Barbara Grutter, a white woman applied to the Law School in 1996. She received a 161 LSAT score and obtained an undergraduate GPA of 3.8. Grutter was not admitted at first but placed on a waiting list but ultimately rejected. In 1997, Grutter, similar to Bakke, filed a suit against the Regents of the University of Michigan claiming the she was discriminated against based on her race which violated her Fourteenth Amendment, more specifically the Equal Protection Clause, and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Grutter’s main arguments against the Law School included the fact that she was rejected because the usage of race was a “predominant” factor, allowing racial minority groups “a significantly greater chance of admission than students
Viola Fauver Gregg Liuzzo , a civil rights activist from Michigan, received the call from Martin Luther King Jr and traveled from Detroit to Selma. During this time, Liuzzo was a member of the Detroit chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. The racial injustices of African Americans was not a foreign concept to her, due to her spending a large amount of her youth in Tennessee and Georgia. She went to Alabama to attempt to help the Southern Christian Leadership Conference led by Martin Luther King Jr.
While the NAACP participates in lobbying, their main political tactics have traditionally been grassroots organizing and litigation. Since 1913, when the NAACP began establishing branch offices (there are now over 2,000 units), the organization has based much of its success on local organizing efforts (“Oldest and Boldest”). In April 2016, they mobilized in Washington, D.C. in order to “protect voting rights, get big money out of politics, and demand an up or down vote on President Obama’s Supreme Court nominee” (“Democracy Awakening 2016”).
The Bill of Rights contains many different freedoms granted to us as citizens. WIthout them, our nation wouldn’t be what it is today. The idea of freedom shows in our actions throughout our own history and in the history of the world as we try to help others gain a freedom. Since not all people of our country believe in the violence of wars, many try to achieve what they’re fighting for with civil acts of protesting or disobedience. This means that people are fighting for something they believe in by disobeying the things they do not agree with while possibly breaking laws at the same time.
An Equal Voice in a Democracy When a young child learns how to speak the conversation is usually repetitive. The repetition can be words that are heard often, such as “mom” or “dad”; children all over the world start with a reiterate type of speech. However, as children go through life they develop a voice.
IS Civil Rights Speech “It’s not fair” … the final words of an innocent U.S. citizen that was judged solely from appearances. This man was Vincent Chin, a Chinese-American who was “severely beaten in the Detroit suburb of Highland Park, Michigan during June, 1982”.5 Subsequently, he died four days later, the date of which he was originally supposed to be married. That once planned-to-be day became his last as he laid on his deathbed due to two men, Ronald Ebens and Michael Nitz, who committed this homicide due to “U.S. auto manufacturing jobs being lost to Japan”.5 The two mistakenly identified Chin as Japanese, and begun to throw racial slurs such as “jap”, “chink”, and “nip”, but they did not stop there.