The purpose of this literature review is to prove that drug court programs are an effective alternative to incarceration for people struggling with substance abuse issues. According to the Bureau of Justice statistics seventeen percent of prisoners at the state level were incarcerated due to drug related crimes. Eighteen percent of federal cases were related to drugs (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2004). According to Lutze and Van Wormer the drug court model was formulated in response to the revolving cycle involved with substance addiction and crime. This model incorporated many different aspects of the judicial system such as judges, lawyers, probation officers, and social workers as well as traditional substance abuse treatment concepts.
Counseling is the personal aid in solving problems. It is an effective technique for stopping dependence by referring to advice from an expert about ways to stop and avoid drug use. It helps relieve stress, identify goals and find techniques to achieve goals. However, therapy can be considered emotionally harmful as addicts may not prefer to discuss personal problems or may be misjudged resulting in harm and intensifying the addiction problem. Pharmacological treatment involves medications such as Marinol, a synthetic version of THC, and Sativex, a pharmaceutical cannabis extract.
The US foreign affairs committee approved a bill that gave 73.5 million dollars to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, to stop this illegal smuggling. I think we need to allot more of our budget to having more agents out in the field stopping and arresting those involved in gun trafficking. Without guns, the drug lords are defenseless and less harm is caused to the people of Mexico who are caught in the crossfires of the drug war, and this helps the common
Many people have struggled for years with being addicted to drugs and have been sent to jail for it rather than getting treatment. There’s also been lots of violence because of the drug trafficking, which has been a worry some issue in some countries. Despite all that, there has been evidence for a change. The Global Community can win the Drug War because with a new approach and a few modifications, we can stop the chaos and help those in need. One thing that could possibly help is that if they made drugs legal, we could easily help stop most of the issues between individuals.
Some see the death penalty as the correct punishment for severe crimes such as dealing drugs or murder, but others believe that the death penalty would let these criminals off to easy as they wouldn't have to live the rest of their sentence, or even life, in prison. Listener relevance: this punishment is currently being considered in the united states, included in the White House Opioid Crisis Plan. One of the reasons people want to keep the death penalty is that it’s “the ultimate warning”. They believe that administering the death penalty on a criminal will deter others from committing the same crime because they will see what the consequence is. Another reason some believe the death penalty is the correct punishment for drug dealers is because the drugs they sold could have caused someones overdose and they should suffer the punishment for their
Specialized Courts Specialized courts are commonly known as the problem-solving courts that promote positive reinforcement, support behavior modification, decrease victimization, and reduce recidivism. Examples of specialized courts include drug court and mental health courts. A community might benefit from establishing a specialized court such as a drug court because it follows a comprehensive model that concentrates on reducing criminal actions through treatment and rehabilitation services with the focus being on substance abuse addiction and identifying the cause without jeopardizing public safety and due process (Specialized Courts, 2013). Another specialized court that a community might benefit from establishing is a mental health court. The aim of mental health courts is to connect people with mental illness, that display deviant behavior, to mental health resources and social services that can better deal with cases such as these as an option for individuals who need to be treated more than they need to be imprisoned (A Promising Alternative, 2011).
Selling and distributing the drug would still be a criminal offense. It could mean rehabilitation, a fine of however much the state decides on the convicted, this means less incarceration for drug users and addicts. Countries such as the Netherlands, Switzerland, England and Italy have controlled both drugs and crime, whereas in the United States harshly punitive programs have increased the supply of both crime and drug use. Considering these harsh consequences, this is part of the reason why so many are incarcerated in the U.S. 46.2% of the population of people incarcerated at the moment is for drug offenses. Although not intended for legalization, decriminalization can
The war on drugs is an American term commonly applied to a campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade. The plan of this war on drugs is to eliminate the illegal drug trade and right now in our country our president Rodrigo Duterte has commenced an all-out war against drugs, there are many critics both local and international. His main critic is Leila De Lima opposing him against Extra Judicial Killings. It has been, the headlines of local newspapers and news shows. As of now, according to Rappler 1,550 drug personalities killed in police operations, as of October 10 and 2, 294 victims of extra judicial killings or vigilante style killings as of October 3, in total the death toll has reached over 3, 844
Drug use and crime are two things very closely intertwined. Countries with more drug abusers tend to have higher crime rates. In 2001, Portugal decriminalized all drugs, reducing the amount of drug abusers and the crime rates in Portugal. ‘Under Portugal 's new regime, people found guilty of possessing small amounts of drugs are sent to a panel consisting of a psychologist, social worker and legal adviser for appropriate treatment instead of jail.’ (Maia Szalavitz). A decade later, and Portugal’s results have been outstanding.
While in states where it’s legalized, prostitutes are forced to have mandatory checkups every month for HIV and Syphilis, and other weekly checkups for other kinds of STDs clients have to wear condoms and laws incriminate unsafe sex to decries the percentage of STDs. In 2013 the United Nations published a report about the HIV in Asia and the Pacific that highlighted that the Criminalization of prostitution raised the levels of HIV among sex works which reflected on the sex seekers. A study made in 2012 by the Urban Justice Center found that New York City cops used condoms as evidence against prostitutes to put them behind bars which lead to fewer
In Michelle Alexander’s book, “The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness,” Alexander addresses a topic that many may not know is happing. Alexander addresses the racism towards people of color by using the legal system as a tool to legally segregate people of color as well as poor whites. Alexander touches upon the way politicians use the war on drugs as an excuse to build more jails to incarcerate poor people of color. She also talks about the way police use racial profiling. Alexander explains how political figures created a way to convince the people into the idea that the crime rate was a very serious issue that needed attention as a result of fearing “black progress.” Political figures called this “the war on
America’s drug issues were likely comparable to other country’s at one point in time, but today it can be blamed on the “street cultures” (para. 21) that continue to use and spread the use of illegal drugs. These street cultures transcend the common stereotype of drug users, such as low income communities in cities or welfare recipients, and can be found in every economic class and location. They are groups of people who have
The bureau is constantly trying to improve its treatment for inmates, lowering the number of new inmates, while deceasing the number of inmates who return to prison life. Programs both inside and outside of the federal prison system are conducted in an attempt to understand what is the driving force behind crime. As mentioned previously, one of the largest criminal offenses for inmate incarceration is illegal drug activity, either its manufacture, possession, purchase, sale, or use. Approximately fifty-one percent of inmates are incarcerated due to illegal drug activity. Studies are even conducted to determine how race and ethnicity play a social factor into incarceration due to illegal drug activity.
Specialized courts are specific in what roles they play in the criminal justice system. These courts are handling domestic violence cases and drug court cases. The goals for these types of courts have multiple reasons like to reduce the number of people entering jails and prison. Lowering the overall recidivism rate for defendants and while lowering the cost of housing them. Since these courts been around they have shown success in what they are doing.