The purpose of this literature review is to prove that drug court programs are an effective alternative to incarceration for people struggling with substance abuse issues. According to the Bureau of Justice statistics seventeen percent of prisoners at the state level were incarcerated due to drug related crimes. Eighteen percent of federal cases were related to drugs (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2004). According to Lutze and Van Wormer the drug court model was formulated in response to the revolving cycle involved with substance addiction and crime.
Counseling is the personal aid in solving problems. It is an effective technique for stopping dependence by referring to advice from an expert about ways to stop and avoid drug use. It helps relieve stress, identify goals and find techniques to achieve goals. However, therapy can be considered emotionally harmful as addicts may not prefer to discuss personal problems or may be misjudged resulting in harm and intensifying the addiction problem. Pharmacological treatment involves medications such as Marinol, a synthetic version of THC, and Sativex, a pharmaceutical cannabis extract.
I think we need to allot more of our budget to having more agents out in the field stopping and arresting those involved in gun trafficking. Without guns, the drug lords are defenseless and less harm is caused to the people of Mexico who are caught in the crossfires of the drug war, and this helps the common
Many people have struggled for years with being addicted to drugs and have been sent to jail for it rather than getting treatment. There’s also been lots of violence because of the drug trafficking, which has been a worry some issue in some countries. Despite all that, there has been evidence for a change. The Global Community can win the Drug War because with a new approach and a few modifications, we can stop the chaos and help those in need.
Some see the death penalty as the correct punishment for severe crimes such as dealing drugs or murder, but others believe that the death penalty would let these criminals off to easy as they wouldn't have to live the rest of their sentence, or even life, in prison. Listener relevance: this punishment is currently being considered in the united states, included in the White House Opioid Crisis Plan. One of the reasons people want to keep the death penalty is that it’s “the ultimate warning”.
Specialized Courts Specialized courts are commonly known as the problem-solving courts that promote positive reinforcement, support behavior modification, decrease victimization, and reduce recidivism. Examples of specialized courts include drug court and mental health courts. A community might benefit from establishing a specialized court such as a drug court because it follows a comprehensive model that concentrates on reducing criminal actions through treatment and rehabilitation services with the focus being on substance abuse addiction and identifying the cause without jeopardizing public safety and due process (Specialized Courts, 2013).
Selling and distributing the drug would still be a criminal offense. It could mean rehabilitation, a fine of however much the state decides on the convicted, this means less incarceration for drug users and addicts. Countries such as the Netherlands, Switzerland, England and Italy have controlled both drugs and crime, whereas in the United States harshly punitive programs have increased the supply of both crime and drug use. Considering these harsh consequences, this is part of the reason why so many are incarcerated in the U.S. 46.2% of the population of people incarcerated at the moment is for drug offenses.
The war on drugs is an American term commonly applied to a campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade. The plan of this war on drugs is to eliminate the illegal drug trade and right now in our country our president Rodrigo Duterte has commenced an all-out war against drugs, there are many critics both local and international. His main critic is Leila De Lima opposing him against Extra Judicial Killings. It has been, the headlines of local newspapers and news shows. As of now, according to Rappler 1,550 drug personalities killed in police operations, as of October 10 and 2, 294 victims of extra judicial killings or vigilante style killings as of October 3, in total the death toll has reached over 3, 844
Drug use and crime are two things very closely intertwined. Countries with more drug abusers tend to have higher crime rates. In 2001, Portugal decriminalized all drugs, reducing the amount of drug abusers and the crime rates in Portugal. ‘Under Portugal 's new regime, people found guilty of possessing small amounts of drugs are sent to a panel consisting of a psychologist, social worker and legal adviser for appropriate treatment instead of jail.’
In 2013 the United Nations published a report about the HIV in Asia and the Pacific that highlighted that the Criminalization of prostitution raised the levels of HIV among sex works which reflected on the sex seekers. A study made in 2012 by the Urban Justice Center found that New York City cops used condoms as evidence against prostitutes to put them behind bars which lead to fewer
In Michelle Alexander’s book, “The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness,” Alexander addresses a topic that many may not know is happing. Alexander addresses the racism towards people of color by using the legal system as a tool to legally segregate people of color as well as poor whites. Alexander touches upon the way politicians use the war on drugs as an excuse to build more jails to incarcerate poor people of color. She also talks about the way police use racial profiling.
In his article, “Toward a Policy on Drugs,” Elliot Currie discusses “the magnitude and severity of our drug crisis” (para. 21), and how “no other country has anything resembling the American drug problem” (para. 21). The best way to describe America’s drug problem is that it is a hole continuously digs itself deeper. America’s drug issues were likely comparable to other country’s at one point in time, but today it can be blamed on the “street cultures” (para. 21) that continue to use and spread the use of illegal drugs. These street cultures transcend the common stereotype of drug users, such as low income communities in cities or welfare recipients, and can be found in every economic class and location. They are groups of people who have
“Drugs mask mental illness,” Smedley said. “After the drugs wear away, the mental illness appears.” Richards said it would be nice to assess people as they enter the jail in order to connect them with the right
The bureau is constantly trying to improve its treatment for inmates, lowering the number of new inmates, while deceasing the number of inmates who return to prison life. Programs both inside and outside of the federal prison system are conducted in an attempt to understand what is the driving force behind crime. As mentioned previously, one of the largest criminal offenses for inmate incarceration is illegal drug activity, either its manufacture, possession, purchase, sale, or use. Approximately fifty-one percent of inmates are incarcerated due to illegal drug activity. Studies are even conducted to determine how race and ethnicity play a social factor into incarceration due to illegal drug activity.
Specialized courts are specific in what roles they play in the criminal justice system. These courts are handling domestic violence cases and drug court cases. The goals for these types of courts have multiple reasons like to reduce the number of people entering jails and prison.