Then we look at the second argument of Aquinas, The Argument of Causation- everything that is caused has to be caused by something else, there cannot be an infinite number of causes, and same as argument number one that must mean there is a God since all effects have causes. The Argument from Contingency asks if everything already exists contingently has a reason to do so, does the universe exists for a reason and if the universe has a reason for its existence that that reason must be God. The Aquinas fourth argument the Argument from Degrees Aquinas says in order to compare two things in the terms of good or bad, we must have something to compare it to, this would have to be an absolutely perfect thing aka God. Aquinas’ fifth and final argument is The Teleological Argument- According to Aristotle, everything has a purpose or Telos. If everything in the natural world has purpose, there must be someone who created that purpose,
His argument is known as reductio ad absurdum, which demonstrates through a contradiction that God exists. Anselm delivered the first known ontological argument in a prayer. He claimed, 1) God exists in the understanding, 2) good might have existed in reality, 3) if something exists only in the understanding, then it is possible for it to be greater, 4) suppose God exists only in the understanding, 5) God might have been greater than it is, and 6) the greatest possible being could have been greater. There is a contradiction between #4 and #6. Guanilo counters Anselm’s argument by demonstrating that one could substitute different words with God and make absurd claims.
One of our first obstacles is defining exactly what assumptions are constitutive of a uniquely Christian approach to psychology. How do we identify the core convictions of Christianity, and how can we leave room for a divergence of different Christian approaches?” (Entwistle 2015). The main problem that Entwistle is addressing is integration and the boundaries in which they both inhabit together. Where do the bounds of psychology and theology begin and end? Defining the boundaries of where these sciences take authority is definitely a limitation.
We simply cannot be good enough long enough” (Hulshof, p. 30, ¶ 7). Christological is at stake because God lived a life that we could never live, a perfect one. “Christ’s perfect life is the antidote for the weight of the law and commands of God. When we take up God’s Word and read it as a book of instructions, rules, and commands that we need to follow in order to be accepted or loved by God, we are asserting that, as great as Christ’s work was, we are capable of keeping the directives of God in a satisfactory manner. This will never be the case” (Hulshof, p. 31, ¶ 8).
This is because critics may question the origins of God based on Descartes’s claim that perfection precedes imperfection and “something must come from something”. (Bennet 2004, 12) It is important to note that perfection in itself reaches a limit because it is incapable of improving further, thus when God possesses the sum of all possible perfections, it would mean that God does not have potential for anymore improvements. This presents a dilemma for Descartes because if God is already perfect, and perfection is viewed to be a form limit itself, then there must be no being who is more perfect than God himself. However, since everything has a cause, God must have origins as well. This means that God either comes from nothing or something.
There are a number of arguments and objections to the First Cause but I will argue the success of the objection ‘God is More’ objection which objects to the conclusion of the argument that states that the Christian version of God ,with its attached attributes, exists. The second objection is the ‘Immaterial-Material Causation’ objection which questioned how an immaterial being can be able to cause material existence. The prove of the success of these arguments will therefore weaken the success of The First Cause argument. The First Cause argument states that “for anything at exists, there must have been something else that caused its existence in the past. There cannot be an infinite chain of effects and their causes, going back infinitely into the past.
Despite of Aquinas 's fifth argument being one of the most prominent argument for the existence of God, there are some limitations to the fifth argument. The expected limitations especially from the atheists can be applied to this argument due to its nature in the fact that it’s inductive, meaning we can never be 100% certain of its correctness. One example that can be used by an
How does the interpretation of scripture inform the creedal affirmation of God as Trinity? How does faith in God influence speech about the attributes of God? Devastating as it is to hear and say, it appears that numerous factors challenge the understanding of God in Modern Theology. The most prevalent ones are: science in religion, religious practices and social issues. Additionally, profound questions are raised about the presence of God in almost every tragic historical event, unfavorable medical diagnosis, oppressed institutional setting, acts of terror, and natural disasters that appears evil, or out of character for the loving, creator and keeper of this vast universe.
Furthermore, the claim that “those who believe in God regard him as a personal Agent who, among other things, designs and creates mechanisms” are palpably wrong. I, for one, believe in God and I do not visualize God as manipulative and generating mechanisms. What I visualize is that by subjecting God creative energy to what appear to be inflexible laws, God creates what appear to be mechanisms, which appear to be designed. All of these appearances exist in the sense of the stable
Furthermore, The Da Vinci Code is written in a thriller and a classic way where Evil and good take many turns. However, one of the themes is “the false conflict between knowledge and faith” Dan Brown doesn’t want to believe the idea that faith in God is ignorance. Due to The Da Vinci Code, the church doesn’t want to revile the truth about the existence f the Jesus descendant. Robert Langdon once said that “The secrets of the Grail should be preserved in order to allow people to keep their faith, the people who truly believe in God will be able to accept the idea of the Bible is full of metaphor’s, not literal transcripts of the truth. People`s truth is faith, in other words, can endure the