The rate of oil spills has increased rapidly as humans become more reliant on oil as an energy source. In fact, there have been more than 50 mega-spills since 1970. One of the worst effects of oil spills is the immense impact on marine wildlife. Humans should reduce their oil usage because oil spills are harmful to marine mammals, dangerous to whales, destructive to aquatic birds, deadly to fish, and can be as disastrous as the Exxon Valdez oil spill. The effects of oil spills on mammals are catastrophic.
Many believe that this is the causation of many earthquakes that have occurred in the last years. Water contaminations are a possible risk of fracking. With all the chemicals used for oil fracking, it could cause harm the human body. Although it provides many jobs and gives us oil and natural gas, there are many factors of fracking that has harmed the environment. Oil fracking, also known as hydraulic fracking or hydrofracking, has been used for roughly 65 years to get natural gas.
People complain about pollution from factories, cars, global warming, and the melting of polar ice caps, yet many people disregard the dangerous that come with fracking. Fracking is the process of injecting liquid at high pressure into subterranean rocks, and/or boreholes to force open existing fissures and extract oil or gas. Fracking is causing an epidemic economically and environmentally. Fracking is continuously destroying the earth day by day. From the endless fracking today’s economy is depleting.
There were many oil field accidents in Long Beach after oil was discovered on nearby Signal Hill in 1921, but the most tragic was the June 2, 1933, Richfield Oil Company disaster. An explosion at Twenty-Seventh Street and Lime Avenue killed nine, and injured thirty-five. It was a horrible catastrophe that began with a tremendous refinery blast that was felt in cities thirty miles away; even earthquake instruments in Pasadena registered the explosion. The fire that followed reached two homes, but the heroic efforts of 500 men, armed with shovels, prevented the oil that flowed from broken storage vats from igniting and spreading the fire further into residential areas. All in all fifty dwellings were damaged and a dozen other small buildings
What is an oil spill? (JDB) An oil spill is a type of pollution which consists on the dumping of petrol into the environment, mainly into oceans although it can also occur on land. These oil spills are mainly caused by the release of crude oils, wells, platforms and drilling rings. These oil spills, can very well damage the environment and therefore causing many consequences to different groups of animals and pollute the area where the dumping took place. Deepwater Horizon spill (MBR) This devastating event began the 20 of April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico.
Many people are familiar with tanker accidents, since they are highly publicized, and they release large volumes of oil into the ocean. Only a small percentage of global oil spills are related to tanker accidents due to explosions, hull failure, or running aground, however. These spills tend to be very harmful because of the sheer volume of oil released at once, and they pose a serious threat to marine animals and seabirds. Such disasters frequently bring attention to issues with safe oil handling, which can lead to reforms in petroleum regulation. Oil spills in the water can also be caused by natural seepage.
An impending disaster puts pressure for decisive action on those in charge, while at the same time clouding the senses, mistakes in judgment are easily overlooked by all. The story “A Memento of Your Service” was one example for this case, as the super tanker Torrey Canyon, built by Newport News Shipbuilding of Virginia, headed towards dangerous rocks beneath the heavily-laden hull on March 18th, 1967. The largest oil-spill to date happened that day as a result of miscommunication between shipmates, risky planning considering the stakes, and overlooked technology right under the noses of its crew. The immediate confrontation with catastrophe spun the captain, and his crew, into a state to change the course of the 1000 foot vessel obvious signs
John Wihbey says, “More than 15 million Americans have had fracking operations within a mile of their home.” This may be a small amount of the population, but if fracking continues to grow it will affect more people in the future. Fracking continues to cause problems in communities. When fracking is in the process, it uses millions of gallons of water to operate. The water that is being used for fracking usually comes from wells. Wells can hold millions of gallons of water.
A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls. A total of 230,000 people were killed (Telegraph,2014). Tsunamis are giant ocean waves that are triggered by an earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. These ocean waves will grow in height as they travel inland, due to the depth of the ocean decreasing. The world responded with donations and relief efforts to countries affected which included Indonesia, Thailand, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Burma and Maldives.
Hazardous chemicals incidents in USA Globally more than a million of children under the age of 5 die each year from diarrheal disease led by contaminated drinking water, poor hygiene, and the lack of sanitation facilities. It is known that industrial and agricultural work involves the use of many different chemicals that can run-off into water and pollute it and taking in consideration that, by their nature, storage, the manufacture and transport of chemicals are accidents waiting to happen and they can be corrosive, toxic and may react often they are