Because of previous terroristic Acts by terrorist groups, violence is now associated with Islam. Only because these acts were caused in the name of Islam. In the post September 11th, 2001, environment government officials as well as sizable portions of the General Public have found it very easy to place immigrant Muslims and their families, including american-born children, into the category of existential culture and security threat"(Elfenbein). After September 11th 2001, all Muslims were alienated, even ones that were born on American soil. The public was blinded and all they could see in all Muslims are terroristic act and violence.
This essay will critically assess whether 9/11 represented a paradigm shift in international politics. A ‘paradigm shift’ can be defined as a change in the dominant worldview of an era.This would henceforth outline that it carries a strong connotation of a change in the times. The 9/11 attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks carried by 19 suicide hijackers who were later identified as being in association with the Islamist terrorist organisation, Al-Qaeda. “Within hours of the September 11 terror attacks on New York and Washington D.C, American commentators were already comparing the event to a “new Pearl Harbor.” (Philip Gordon, 2001) As the aftermath of these four catastrophic attacks led to over 2,996 casualties and over 6.000 people injured. 9/11 represented a paradigm shift in international politics as it firstly led to the start of the global
Such treatment towards Muslim people is a violation of one’s basic human right and may perhaps be a threat to cohesion within societies. Definition of Key Terms Islamophobia Islamophobia is a hatred and fear toward Islam and Muslims that results in discrimination creating a distorted understanding of Islam and Muslims. Islam Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one incomparable God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
According to Merriam-Webster, the definition of Islamophobia is an irrational fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against Islam or people who practice Islam, also known as Muslims. Islamophobia became a popular occurrence after the tragic terrorist event on September 11, 2001. Many sources, like news outlets or the common person, tend to put a bad image on Islam and its beliefs. On the other hand, there are people who try to shed light on the subject, and advocate towards the understanding of the religion. Examples of either type of those people are Daniel Pipes, Peter Bergen, and Reza Aslan.
I rather wait 10 minutes on line and take off my shoes and take off my laptop from my bag, to know that I am going have the peace of mind when I go onto my flight. With the existence with the TSA, which was created after 9/11, there has not been any major terrorist attacks that have occurred. So it would be hard to say that the increasingly tight security has been ineffective and in a sense, has been more helpful in preventing terrorist attacks to occur like 9/11. Not only do I believe that we should strengthen our security in airports but also in subways, train stations, and movie theaters because why do we have to wait for a major tragedy to happen in order to enhance to our security? The problem with 9/11 is that we implemented airport security measures because a catastrophic event occurred when we should have implemented before 9/11 so it would have prevented
examined and compared coverage of Muslims instantaneously after 9/11 and a years after the event. They realized that, uninterruptedly after the 9/11 incident, many Muslim Americans turned into the objectives of a backlash of fierce anger and a great desire for revenge (Nacos & Torres, 2007). As people perception of Muslims sustained to erode, Khan (2013) found an apparently counterintuitive incident that the passage of time did not ease the emotional injury associated with 9/11. In actual fact, the aggression toward Islam and Muslim in the US has touched a high concentration level that directs many to conclude, a years later, that Islamophobia is spread through public emotion in the US (Yang & Self, 2015). New media depictions of Muslims in the United States such as Hollywood films have regularly remained to a colonial discourse of a virtuous, courageous and civilized West courageously confronting an evil, voluptuous, and brutal Islamic world (Miles, 1989: 34–35; Said, 1979: 48; Gottschalk and Greenberg, 2008: 118–125; McAlister, 2005: 82–83; Shaheen, 2003).
An article from New York Times said that hate crimes against American Muslims have soared to their highest levels after the September 11 attacks. This was primarily due to the loss of many American lives which in turn resulted in hatred and negative stereotype towards the
Defining Islamophobia & Anti-Muslim Racism It might sound unnecessary and time consuming to question the existence of Islamophobia at this stage as the previous part of this research paper provides much evidence to the reality and seriousness of this phenomenon, but it is still a very important requirement as to ensure the authenticity and legitimacy of this piece. Rana (2010) proposes that since Islam is a religion and there is so much heterogeneity present in the Muslim communities, then the only denominators that Anti-Muslims can assume when discriminating against Muslims are their traditional Islamic outfits (i.e. Women’s’ Hijab), the exterior physical appearance of traditional Muslims (i.e. Men growing beards and shaving moustache), Muslim Names (i.e. Mohammed, Ahmed, Abdullah, Osama, etc...), and any other distinctive factors and practices known to Muslim communities and individuals.
St. Ignatius says that in the process of the preparation, we have to dynamically move towards indifference. Indifference is understood to be “I am indifferent to anything but God’s will.” It is a state of openness to the Holy Spirit. It is not so easy to arrive to this state of indifference and openness, especially when we have vested interests in the choice that we are going to make. The heart is well prepared for good discernment in prayer as prayer is a way to stay in the presence of the Lord. “The God who is active in prayer is also active throughout the day.
Islamophobia’s occurrence in any particular country has little do with the presence of Muslim; it is possible to be Islamophobic when there are virtually no Muslim around. This because the lack of Muslims is filled by the surplus of Islamophobic representations. This surplus of representations is now increasingly reliant on the internet. There are many studies reporting on Islamophobia on the internet, classifying the negative representations, the targeted acts of aggressive online behaviour (trolling) against Muslims. These studies are basically taxonomies, and they share this feature with general literature on Islamophobia, which is concerned with reporting instances of Islamophobia empirically with little time spent on its theorisation.