In the past ten to fifteen years medicine has advanced in numerous ways. Not only physiologically in curing diseases and disorders, but in making differences in the field of genetics. The amount of research and discoveries appearing are now affecting those who are not even born yet through gene therapy. Gene therapy is when genes which are located in the chromosomes, which are made up of DNA, are altered to change the genetic make-up in order for the embryo to have different traits. Gene therapies that are specified for in vitro fertilized embryos are known as reproductive technologies.
Regenerative medicine has a treatment nowadays for our cells, organs and tissues repair and replacement normal function. Hence demands increase in population for organ transplantation. Research has conducted for recent and alternative therapies. Regenerative Medicine can medicate few cells that were damage due to agedness and congenital defects. In addition stem cell has a regenerative medicine; it regenerates, repairs, and restores functionality.
Globally, scientists are turning to stem cell research as the most promising step to curing many of the harshest diseases and conditions including cancer, Alzheimer’s, stroke, paralysis and many more. Stem cells are useable as a replacement for damaged cells because of their self renewing properties. Their form allows them to act as other types of cells and regenerate as a substitute for the affected cells or as a way of testing new medications. Stroke related disabilities alone account for more than 1.2 million people and millions more are impacted by other cell related disabilities making stem cell research an essential pursuit in order to make strides in medicine (Cunningham 368). However, the success of researchers has been limited as the
Alzheimer’s gradually clog up that connective wiring over time. The good news is that different parts of the brain handle different functions, and Alzheimer’s does not damage all of them at the same time or rate. So a person’s sense of humor may be intact while the storage unit for remembering what just happened takes a big hit, or a person remembers some arcane facts of arts history but not how many children he or she has. Changes in the brain’s chemical balance have also been recognized in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Brain cells that function normally produce special chemicals called neurotransmitters, which help send signal throughout the body to ensure its proper functioning.
However, with the new immunosuppressives, Tissue typing became less important and in the case of Cadaveric Kidney transplantation this is not done. • Shortage of organs • Complications (Surgical or Medical) Complications after transplantation may be related to the anesthetic, the surgery itself, bleeding, infections, vascular thrombosis and urinary complications. Transplantation is not possible without immunosupression drugs , except in identical twins and this makes the recipients vulnerable to infections (bacterial, viral, parasitic and fungi). There are also very vulnerable to opportunistic infections. Herpes zoster and CMV (Cytomegalovirus) are common among transplanted patients as other infections.
Stem cells are cells that haven’t differentiated yet. They have the ability to divide and make an indefinite number of copies of themselves. Other cells in the body can only replicate a limited number of times before they begin to break down. When a stem cell divides, it can either remain a stem cell or turn into a differentiated cell, such as a muscle cell or a red blood cell. The uses of embryonic is not to harm you or your unborn it may differentiate, so that being said the fetus can get the things it needs.
Therefore, if two parents are carriers of a certain gene that will disable their child, they can modify that gene to make a child that will not have that disability. As well as some parents will have designer babies to save another child they already have with a certain disease. In this method, parents will choose their child’s blood type and such in order for them to match that other diseased child and potentially give them their blood, marrow, and even organs. Genetically modifying a child’s chance of disease ensures that a child may live a life without potential disease and disability that they may have been more prone to had their parents’ not used this method. This also ensures a healthy life for a child that had a greater potential of having a medical condition due to their parents being carriers of that particular gene.
Vaccination coverage has been expanding for some decades, and the experiment for creating new vaccines have been conducted yet. There are approximately more than 60 kinds of vaccinations, and they can prevent 25 infectious diseases. The vaccination is advertised an effective way to develop immune system, so the people who are not over 18 years old are recommended to inoculate 15 kinds of vaccines to enhance own immunity. On the other hand, serious side effects caused by vaccinations became a social issue a couple years ago. Some people who are vaccinated reported side effects such as body convulsion, joint pain, and fever, it results that people have a question for the necessity of vaccination.
Nevertheless, it turns out that it has not helped medical research breakthroughs. Some evidence to prove my reason is that the polio vaccine was delayed 40 years by monkey tests (33 Reasons Why Animal Testing is Pointless). People could have used different alternatives to animal testing. Plus, most are more effective and help many more breakthroughs than animal
This represents a major milestone for the Company. For the first time ever in ophthalmology, an optogenetic approach combined with a medical device will be tested in humans,” said Bernard Gilly, the CEO, and co-founder of the company. What is Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinitis pigmentosa occurs when any of one of more than 50 genes changes or mutates. These genes are vital in keeping the cells in the retina called photoreceptors functional. However, changes or mutations in these can lead to three possible effects: - Severe changes inhibit the gene’s production of a specific protein needed by the photoreceptors.
Thus stem cells have the potential to cure a large number of diseases and physical ailments such as diabetes, Parkinson’s, spinal cord injury, heart disease, and many more. Stem cells have the power to save many lives without harming anyone, hence following the principle of maximizing benefits and minimizing harm. This principle is proven when the stakeholders are considered. The first stake holders are the donors. Donors are usually females who opt for in vitro fertilization of egg.
It can take as long as 15 years and 5 billion dollars to convert findings into treatments. In the beginning stages of the formation of the Susan G. Komen foundation research was used to understand breast cancer. Once they understood the disease more fully they were able to invest more. The more they understood the more they could invest which led to better treatment options, early detection, and breast cancer prevention. The Susan G. Komen foundation has evolved in ways that has led to new therapy and prevention that they didn’t have 30 years ago.