Theme: one of the primary goals of literary works is to ensure that the audience 's attention is captured and that it is able to derive suitable information by reading the stories. In the short stories by Bartleby and Stephen, conflict is a central point that is addressed. The authors use repetition of writing in addressing the divisions that exist among the characters. Bartleby, for instance, focuses on the confrontations that are evident in his workplace. Repetition of the statement "I would prefer not to" by Bartley symbolizes confrontations in the narrative.
By providing the text, Barthes aims to enforce his own perspective, which is to alter the process of interpretation and the tradition, which inflicts to put more importance on the figure of the author. Barthes, concerning his post-structuralism background, declares that the focus needs to be on the reader, in writing and in the multifaceted of the text. In a similar way is T S Eliot through the notion of New Criticism has a resembling opinion regarding the literary criticism, through his essay “Tradition and the Individual Talent”. Thus the purpose of this text is to introduce the Barthes’s perspective on the issue through his text “The death of the author”, but at the same time to suggest my own opinion concerning the issue. First of all, “The Death of the Author” supports the opinion that the intentions and the biography of an
(AT, 113; accentuation included.) To say it in another word, he starts with the hypothesis that aesthetic experience is basically private and individual, and the objects that help to bring out this emotion we regard them as artworks. However, these are based on a precondition: the audience must be sensitive people. On the basis of what mentioned above, the next step is to figure out what are the objects or elements in common in artworks that create the so-called aesthetic emotion. From Bell’s point of view, he believes that Art has an essence.
The jumping off point for this project came when I was reflecting on and reviewing my works and practices to date, trying to locate the question of what it is I wish to express. My work thus far has been interrelated and my voice as an artist is imbued within the corporeal and the formal qualities of the materials. My research and practice lie within the human condition, from the somatic to the many varied psychological landscapes we experience. I explore the question of what it means to be human and our understanding of ‘place’ within the world. Maurice Merleau Ponty’s essay ‘Eye and Mind’ examines how art displays the act of viewing, extending from Martin Heidegger’s Being-in-the-world, ‘The Sense of Being’.
Similarly, Reception theory explores the dynamics of the process of reading as a complex movement and its gradual unfolding through time. Wolfgang Iser, of Constance School of Reception Aesthetics, discusses in THE ACT OF READING (1978), the techniques, the allusionary skills and the themes which a text put to work to illustrate the point that to read at all, one needs not only to know the conventions and literary techniques inherent in a specific work but must also be conscious of rules that govern its production of meaning otherwise the domain of criticism would become completely chaotic and any text would end up becoming a collage of various inconsistent readings. However, American critic, Stanley Fish argues
(necessary? If so rephrase) In this essay I will particularly be talking about their intentions behind their artwork. Then I will start writing about Andy Warhol’s past, and how he started to get involved in Pop art, then I will reference what was going on at the time in America where Andy Warhol was becoming
Planning can help you to formulate ideas and to ensure that the structure of your final essay is logical and appropriate to the essay title. There is many different way of planning that I use such as drawing pictures, making lists, brainstorming, using graphic organizers. Planning is important because it make the writing easier when I plan what I’m going to talk about. Also in the article by Berkenkotter which she did study and experiment on Donald M. Murray to see how perfitonal academics and she found that planning is important process in Murray writing Strategy. “Some of the more provocative findings of this study concern the sub-processes of planning and revising that have not been observed in conventional protocols”.
Record the outline of the chapter using the headings that the author(s) utilized. Summarize key points of each section in your own words. Remind your reader that you are communicating the point of view of the author you read (e.g., “Chase argues, . . .”).
Professor Abrams in his book illustrates the transition of the perspective of the theorists on the artist from one to the other and the ramifications of the latter in aesthetics, poetics and practical criticism. The essay “Orientation of critical theories” is the first chapter of this book. It provides a condensed history of the evolution of critical theories and discriminates between them with the aid of a simple diagram. The essay begins with the definition of modern criticism which is to exhibit “the relation of art to the artist, rather than to external nature, or to the audience, or to the internal requirements of the work itself”. This one and a half century old theory of art competed against innumerable theories such as the mimetic theory, the pragmatic theory, etc., all of which have been thoroughly discussed in the essay.
The text is interpreted after analysis of mind of an author, unlike other types of criticisms that are concerned basicaly with text itself. This combining of literary and psychological aspect brings a unique approach. Psychoanalysis is „a discipline founded on a procedure for the investigation of mental processes that are otherwise inaccessible because they are unconcious“. (GEORGE, 2011) Freud believes that society reaches its unconscious aspect by the means of art, means of creative process. Psychoanalytical approach seeks for what is hidden behind words and reveals author personality and mind.