Animal testing has become a big argument around the world. Truthfully, there should be NO animal testing, ANYWHERE. Imagine taking your pet that you love a lot and then you give it a drug and kill it. Think about how disrespectful and cruel that would be.
There is much controversy with regards to animal testing for medical research and there has been throughout the centuries. We can trace the issue back all the way to the 4th century when we have the first record of animal experimentation, Aristotle dissecting animals for study. In the 1600s, scientists began using animals as a way to explore the human body which led to many advancements in the medical field. Such advancements include Emil von Bering finding a cure for diphtheria toxin for guinea pigs; further research allowed him to produce a diphtheria vaccine for humans (Bright).In spite of these many medical achievements brought on through the use of animal testing, there are still those that argue the practice is not justifiable and should
So, using animals is really useless because just because a drug is safe for an animal does not mean it will necessarily be accurate and safe for humans. PISC scientist Gilly Stoddard says “it is unconscionable that animals are dying as a result of the failure to update testing guidelines.” (O’Driscoll 8) Animals should not be dying because humans are using them for inaccurate tests.
Down With Animal Testing There are certain things about animal testing that the community doesn’t know. Some people know what happens to those animals and they don’t want to face what happens. The inhumane treatment of animals used for research is well documented. There are many pros and cons considering the use of the animals in medical research. Animals shouldn’t be used for testing because it’s inhumane and it will make the population go down.
95% of animals being used for animal testing are not covered by the Animal Welfare Act (AWA). That is a high percentage of animals not protected and have a high chance of being mistreated. That is only a part of the problem when it comes to animal testing. The bigger issue is that the anatomic, metabolic, and cellular differences between animals and people make animals poor models for human beings. Their is no reason to test animals if it could mislead researchers from breakthroughs.
Animal testing in the United States provides minimal benefits for the amount of pain and distress animals must endure. Animals are given artificially induced conditions, that they would not receive naturally, and experimented on. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has stated that ninety-four percent of drugs that are shown to be safe and effective in animal tests fail in human trials. The experimentation of animals is not only ineffective, but cruel and inefficient for the United States. With such negative affects alternate ways have been produced to combat the mistreatment of animals.
It does not make sense to use animals for medicine that will be taken by humans, simply because we are different. We do not have the same genetic makeup, and therefore, we should not be trusting these results. We need to discontinue the use of animals in research and introduce safer alternatives that generate more accurate results. First I will explain what type of trials these animals go through, and for what reasons.
Whether this is morally right or wrong, I will present both sides of the argument as well as my opinion. PROS OF ANIMAL TESTING Nearly every nobel Laureate in physiology or medicine since 1901 has relied on animal research. Animal testing has decreased heavily over the years, with not very necessary things like makeup. Without animal testing we wouldn't have the many of the surgerys that we can today such as hip replacement surgery, kidney transplants, heart transplants, or blood transfusions.
Animal Testing is Inhumane. Multiple species are dying by normal nature happenings, such as being eaten or something like that. However, that 's just the life cycle. But even with this ongoing cycle, the deaths that happen in it don 't get anywhere close to the amount of animals killed by us humans. Each year, 100 million animals, including mice, rats, dogs, frogs, cats, and more, are all killed for scientific usage.
Imagine an enraged animal rights activist charging toward a scientist in a white lab coat, desperate to free the little mice that are being used as test subjects. Although comical, this scene may be quite accurate when describing the passion that animal lovers have when it comes to the touchy subject of animal testing. For centuries, animal testing has been used in the medical research field, however many are now beginning to question whether it is ethical. Millions of animals are killed per year due to animal testing, so is this practice worth banning? Animal testing is a controversial subject, with supporters pointing out the medical advances that have stemmed from animal research and animal rights activists declaring it cruel and immoral.
Researchers estimated over 26 million animals were used for scientific tests and commercial testing subject every year in the United States. Over the years animals were used to be tested on medical treatments, products for human uses, health care, and etc. The practice of researching on living animals has started since 500 BC. Opponents of this act say that it is cruel to experiment on animals, there are other methods available to replace the cruel act of experimenting on living animals, and that the human bodies and animal’s bodies are totally two different features and the research often yields irrelevant results. The federal Animal Welfare or AWA passed the animal testing act in 1966 and amended in 1970, 1976, and 1985.
Ineffective Animal Testing Majority of animals have their fate decided at birth. Animal testing is questionable to the reassurance of absolute safety. Animals and humans react differently to types of drugs and chemicals. Cats, dogs, guinea pigs, hamsters, birds, etc. are the type of animals being manipulated. Animal testing has alternatives that help economically and effectively.
It is required by law to have all drugs tested on animals before they can be tested on humans. They test on animals to make sure human patients are given a safe dose of a drug. Some patients feel safe and are more likely to trust medicines if they know that they have
It is true that animal testing requires a lot of investment. Not only that money is spent on advanced technologies, it is also spent to pay for scientists’ expertise on this particular field. In order for the scientists to do their research, they need suitable equipment and substances. Every year, the National institutes of Health finances between $12 billion to $14.5 billion on animal testing as indicated in a study done by the government (Bastach, 2013). Besides, scientists need to consider the fact that animals need to be sheltered, fed and cared for to keep them alive.