The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
The Khmer Rouge then began their terrible reign and efforts to reconstruct Cambodia resulting in a mass genocide. The Vietnam War had a lasting negative impact on Cambodia and its people, with the United States lack of involvement in the civil war leading to the rise of the communist group the Khmer Rouge. Between 1965 and 1975 the Vietnam War began to expand into Cambodian territory. In 1965 Cambodia, under Prince Sihanouk, officially cut ties with the United States in effort to remain neutral in
The Vietnam War was between North and South Vietnam, and their allies like America. The Americans goal was to prevent communist insurgency. Eventually “…Henry Kissinger and Nixon made a policy called ‘Vietnamization’” (History.com). The policy entails “American troops [to] be withdrawn while South Vietnamese soldiers [would be] backed by continued American bombing…” (Foner 1016). There were antiwar movements that “spread on colleges demonstrating [how it has] spread…” (Foner 1016).
Throughout the first paragraph of King’s speech, he used emotional diction with words such as struggle, poverty, and poor to prove that the war in Vietnam was bringing down the American’s and their families fighting overseas. King proved this partly with the quote, “America would never invest the necessary funds… in the rehabilitation of its poor so long as adventures like Vietnam continued…” (King, Beyond, 9). King was establishing his point that America was more troubled about healing and adjusting other countries, but would never invest the same in their own country. He was in the process of proving that it wasn 't a money issue in America, but an equality issue. Along with, “...and the almost facile connection between the war in Vietnam
The second Red Scare was a time period where government officials were questioned whether they had Communist affiliations. To eradicate the security threats in the government, President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 to search out “infiltration of disloyal persons.” This action caused the investigation of people like Alger Hiss and other suspected Communists. The government along with the citizens set up effective ways, Blacklists, to bar Communists from getting hired for work. In 1950, Red Channels, a book that exposed 151 writers, actors, musicians, and other radio and television entertainers as Communists, was published. This book completely devastated the people on the list and placed these people on Blacklists.
Therefore, Ho had to put down the French and Japanese harshly, citing the war crimes that they have committed against the Vietnamese, to justify Vietnam’s “right to be a free and independent country” . Ho, through this speech, had to unite his people as one, and justify the country’s independence domestically and internationally because Vietnam was in a limbo state when Japan left and the French had not yet returned. Domestically, when delivering the speech, Ho condemned the actions of the French and Japanese harshly in an attempt to unite the people. For instance, he exaggerated the war crimes that the French enacted on them, such as forcing them to use opium, separating Vietnam into different regimes, and wrecking their unity . However, we must also consider the long-term gains that the French had given Vietnam.
However, it is here that the evidence of the domino theory in Southeast Asia stops- communism failed to take hold in nations (such as Indonesia and Thailand) bordering these new communist states. These “unfallen dominoes” are not the only counter arguments to the domino theory. One such argument is that the Indochina Wars were driven more by nationalism than by communist ideals. Another counterargument suggests that the Vietnam war itself aided the spread the of communism through the region due to wide spread bombing fostering anti-American sentiments in nations such as
Nationalism was one of the main cause of the Vietnam war because The United States initially entered the Vietnam War to aid the French but it was nationalism that caused the both the Communist North and American’s to continue the war. I think the most important causes are the divide between the capitalists and communists. After the divid of ideology they both got different leaders, the south’s leader was Diem and the north’s leader was Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh was also a nationalist as well as a communist. I think these two causes are the most important causes of the Vietnam War because if the country was divided into two, they want to have a war to see which sides wins to see which side is right.
U.S. foreign policy since the Monroe doctrine “has been driven by the goal of excluding rivals from the hemisphere” , and this conjured more reasons for coup-plotting to take place. Congress and CIA both had differing opinions toward the approach that should be taken to suppress Allende’s power — President Nixon of U.S. intended to create “economic collapse” in Chile, while the CIA suggested a more violent and direct approach . Nixon’s mission to place economic pressure on Chile was clear, as seen by when Chile’s application to purchase a Boeing (a U.S. firm) aircraft was declined that left Chile to resort to other alternatives . U.S. pressure on the Allende government is also evident from the diplomatic relations between the U.S. and other Latin countries; U.S. improved relations with Chile’s neighbouring countries, Peru and Bolivia, considerably, while Brazilian support for U.S. to “diplomatically ‘isolate’ Chile” shockingly unveils clear U.S. intent to corner Chile. Even during President Eduardo Frei’s (Chilean president from 19640-1970) reign, the dispute of “Chileanising” copper between U.S. and Chile unravelled congress’s
After the turn of World War II, the country forced into yet again a civil war between the communist and the people’s republic of Vietnam. In order to aid the people and over through the communist government the United States got involved what came to be known as the Vietnam War. As the United States saw no end to the war with withdraw of US troops from Vietnam allowed the communist party to come to full power in the
American being a capitalist national and Russia being a communist nation, these two highly contrasting ideologies resulted in major aggression between the two countries resulting in a series of proxy wars across the world including Korea and Vietnam in a attempt to eradicate each other. Communism ideas began to become more prevalent in China during the 1950’s. China then began to support smaller countries in Indochina to become communist nations such as Korea and Vietnam; this was an early example of Australia using military action in order to defeat communism in the Asia pacific. The domino theory was a thesis put forward by America stating that if South Vietnam were to fall to communism, because of its geographical position the entire region would eventually convert to communism therefore communism had to be eliminated in South Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the Asia Pacific. Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally.
All things considered, it is not a fair assessment to call it “Johnson’s war” bearing in mind Nixon interfered, but to a certain point it is reasonable to call it so, because of the Tonkin Gulf resolution and because of Operation Rolling Thunder. The Tonkin Resolution put too much power into Johnson’s hands and allowed him to start a war without officially declaring one. In addition, Operation Rolling Thunder was a fail and helped the Viet Cong in finding a way to attack the American troops without showing themselves. Nixon going behind Johnson’s back and making a deal with the enemy made the war, to a certain degree, his fault as well. All in all, the Vietnam War should not be looked at as all Johnson 's fault, the blame is divided between
The unexpected Northern Vietnamese attack was used as leverage against the U.S. and as seen from the American’s point of view, it was the definite turning point of the Vietnam War. The Tet Offensive was seen as a symbolic attack to the American public and the purpose of the attack was for the North Vietnamese to send a message to America. The Viet Cong wanted to gain advantages in negotiations to pull ahead in the Vietnam War for the victory (Robbins). Americans saw the attack as a message from the enemies and once they saw that the government was not doing anything to help, doubt began to spread and the American public soon lost trust in the government. Although the presidents tried anything in their hopes to assure the country that the attack was nothing to be worried about, the Tet Offensive already proved that there was nothing able to do to make the war winnable.
In McMaster’s words, the battle was, “was lost in Washington, D.C., even before Americans assumed sole responsibility for the fighting in 1965 and before they realized the country was at war; indeed, even before the first American units were deployed.” One of the reasons McMaster decided to study the Vietnam war is because he wanted to learn from the other commander’s mistakes. He did not wish to re-due a poorly strategized war such as Vietnam. He wanted to lead his troop’s confidently, using good and effective war plans that would result in America winning wars--instead of losing them drastically. McMaster expounds in his book about how the military men viewed their commanding officers, such as McNamara, as an enemy instead of an ally. I’m sure that from those mistakes that McNamara made, McMaster has learned to treat the fellow militaire with value and respect.
(4) But even these groundbreaking achievements must be considered within the context of Nixon 's political goals. He privately viewed the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks and the China initiative as ways to blunt criticism from the political left. And while his slow withdrawal from Vietnam appeared to be a practical application of the Nixon Doctrine, his secretly recorded White House tapes reveal that he expected South Vietnam to collapse after he brought American troops home and prolonged the war to postpone that collapse until after his reelection in