(2012). The impact of insurance coverage in diminishing racial and ethnic disparities in behavioral health services. Health Service Research. 47(3pt2), 1322-1344. http://doi:10.1111/j.1475-6773.2012.01403.x American Psychological Association. (2018).
Web. 19 Apr 2015. <http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/QuitSmoking/QuittingSmoking/Smoking-Do-you-really-know-the-risks_UCM_322718_Article.jsp>. The information provided by the American Heart Association lists the dangers associated with smoking and the reasons a person should give it up. It presents a sample list of chemicals used in the manufacturing of cigarettes and goes on to explain what they can cause to the human physical body.
It has also been established that that most people start smoking at the age between 12 and 14, in addition to the fact that 1,200 tobacco smokers die every from smoking (Eaton, 2003). This translates to about 1,4389,00 deaths every year. This is a great number of preventable deaths every year. Despite being of great economic importance, tobacco has brought about much more harm than good. In fact, those who smoke have their life span shortened by about approximately.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ferris, T., Moreno-Centeno, E., Yates, J., Sung, K., El-Sherif, M., & Matarrita-Cascante, D. (2016). Studying the usage of social media and mobile technology during extreme events and their implications for evacuation decisions: A case study of Hurricane Sandy. International Journal of Mass Emergencies, and Disasters, 34(2), 204-230 Frieden, R. T. (2013). Perspective: Government's Role in Protecting Health and Safety.
There the smoking of tobacco was widespread amongst almost all of the indigenous peoples of North America except those in the Arctic regions. For the most part this was for ritual purposes. Among Europeans tobacco was used initially in Spain, and was seen more as a medicine than a stimulant. In the sixteenth century tobacco was grown as an ornamental plant in French gardens where it was considered a panacea against the plague, toothache, gout, colic, and tetanus. Smoking was introduced to England by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1586, where it soon spread to all classes of society.
The opium poppy plant produces substances that act as a pain reliever. Most opioid drugs like morphine and hydrocodone that treat severe pain, contain the products of these poppy plants. Opioids are powerful narcotics that have over the years been taken advantage of but should exclusively be for medical purposes only prescribed by physicians. Nabarun Dasgupta is a pharmaceutical epidemiologist who has a Ph.D. in pharmacy from the University of North Carolina. Nabarun wrote a peer-reviewed article about the opioid crisis and how economic factors intensify the epidemic.
In an interpretive research, it tries to make sense of how people make sense of the world. It tries to answer the question, “how is meaning constructed in interaction and behavior?” meaning-oriented that involves subjectivity and participants (Lecture, 2018). If this multivariate research was an interpretive research, we would be able to learn sensitizing concepts and be able to see other factors (cultural, economic, political, etc,) effect the smoking ban and individuals. In looking at other factors other than legal, we can see how environmental factors influence the effects of the smoking ban. In a historical research, it tries to answer the question “what processes lead to events?”.
It is stated in the goal number 3 point 3a of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2030. “Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate” As the participating country that has ratified the FCTC, the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia introduces the national law concerning the plain packaging for tobacco products under the Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 by the end of 2011. This regulation was issued as the effort of the government to reduce and limit the distribution of tobacco products within the country especially cigarettes. Came in to force on the first of December 2012, the act regulates that all the cigarettes and other tobacco products sold in the country have to be put within a homogenous standardized plain packaging. No promotional image, slogan, and trademarks such as color and logo shall be allowed in the packaging as mentioned
Retrieved from http://ala-apa.org/newsletter/2007/11/16/employee-resistance-to-change/ Norcross, J. C., Krebs, P. M., & Prochaska, J. O. (2011). Stages of change. Journal of clinical psychology, 67(2), 143-154. Nickolos, F. (2012).