Introduction : Teaching requires more than having degree of education . Teachers should recognize student needs and getting the class involved in the learning process .That requires recognizing the new trends of teaching approaches . Language skills are a main component of the English language . Reading is a key for developing other language skills . Reading skills include skills acquired through reading, such as comprehension, fluency and independence.
The Acquisition-Learning distinction is crucial because it gives an argument opposing the effortful labor of learning a new language in adults. Krashen (1988) explained that there are two independent ways in which a second language performance can be regarded. The first is the acquired system and is the product of a mind process, a subconscious one that is very similar to the one that happens with children when acquiring their native/mother tongue. This process requires continuous interaction with the target language. On the other hand, Krashen (1988) also explained that the learned system is the result of a very formal way of learning a language that involves the conscious process of being knowledgeable about a language.
B. Related of Literature 1. Definition of Speaking Speaking is one of four language skills which is important to be mastered by students in order to be good communicator. Speaking is the basic language because it is develop in life, that is precede by listening skill and that period speaking skill learned. Brown and Yule, (1999: 25) state ability to speak is very important and the goal of language learning English is to enable learners to interact freely to each other.
Reading and listening are considered receptive skills whereas speaking and writing are known as productive skills. (Javed, Juan& Nazli:2013,p.130) Writing is one of the basic EFL skills. Banat(2007) pointed out that this skill is invaluable for helping students communicate and understand how the parts of language go together, adding that writing is one of the four major language skills that need to be mastered by language learners. Abu Rass(2001) stressed that writing is a difficult skill for native and nonnative speakers alike, for writers should balance multiple issues such as content, organization, purpose, audience, vocabulary, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics. Writing is especially difficult for nonnative speakers because they are expected to create written products that demonstrate mastery of all the aforementioned issues in a new language.
. listening strategies This chapter reviews the relationship between strategies of listening on EFL learnerns and their willingness to speak to other people. The definitions and classification language learning strategies Listening comprehension Listening comprehension is defined as a complex and active mental process used in an effort to interpret meaning from oral text. Listening is a primary skill for language input. A number of researchers argue that listening plays an essential role in language development and second language acquisition ( Dunkel, 1991; Feyten, 1991; Krashen, 1985; Richards, 2005; Rost, 2002; Vandergrift 1999).
Wherefore the main aim of English teacher is to help language learners acquire this power of productivity, of generating original speech. All language learners be sure learnt the language system either explicitly or implicitly. Language is distinctly complex because the rules are not easily stated. We
According to the book Teaching English as a Foreign Language, The Communicative approach advocates to language, first and foremost, as a system for communication. “The communicative approach is based on the idea that learning language successfully comes through having to communicate real meaning. When learners are involved in real communication, their natural strategies for language acquisition will be used, and this will allow them to learn to use the language (Communicative Approach, 2006)”. The questionnaire and interview showed that Saúl needs to focus on his listening and speaking abilities, his writing and reading skills are not bad, nevertheless they also need some work to be polished. Since he stopped his English classes a couple of years ago Saúl has lost speaking and listening practice and this has created a sense of insecurity in him getting him to think he cannot speak English at all.
According to Moghadam and Zainal (2012), “breadth of vocabulary knowledge is referred to the quantity or number of words learners know at a certain level of language competence while depth of knowledge is a network of links between words”(p.558) It is important to investigate the vocabulary size (breadth of vocabulary knowledge) of second language learners in order to plan effective vocabulary courses. For teachers need to know whether the high frequency words are learned for the purpose of helping them decide what type of vocabulary their students need to learn. Teachers teaching at IEP who are planning curriculum, their main concern at the beginning the semester is the breadth vocabulary knowledge. A simple yet effective starting point is to set reasonable vocabulary learning goals. Before setting goals however, we need to determine what percentage of high frequency words learners know: hence, we are looking for breadth of vocabulary knowledge.
Vocabulary level refers to in what level that students can achieve related with their vocabulary knowledge that can be produces by someone through many ways like speaking and writing. This research use writing as the main object. 2. Reading habit refers with the interest in reading, which can affect the ability to comprehend the text. 3.