They say without this right people can or will be easily ignored or the worst part abused by their own government and this is what exactly happened to African American citizens that were left living in the South following Civil War Reconstruction Era. Clearly despite the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth amendments that guaranteed the civil rights of African Americans to their right to vote was thoroughly taken away from them by white racist state governments. If a African American citizen was even attempting to exercise his or her right to vote they would often be threatened with losing their job, threats of being abused and actually being verbally abused from a white’s and the white voting clerks which also helped prevented black Southerners from voting out of fear. For those who were not afraid to lose their job or other things all other things that racist white did to them failed, it lead to maybe mob violence and even lynching among other things ended up keeping blacks people away from the voting ballot boxes. Since they did not have the power of the ballot the African Americans in the South had little to no type of influence in their communities.
For Example, ''Garbage transfer station nobody wanted...........near the predominantly black Harlem neighborhood''. This shows that things like garbage dumps and toxic waste sites tend to be located in black and Hispanic area Clewiston. In Addition,'' Furthermore, the environment is bad for the community because people don’t know how to treat it. Many places or area in the U.S has toxins in it. Mostly in the black and Hispanic community.
In the Alabama Laws governing Slaves 1833, there are many laws against slaves not to be able to do certain things. Rule number 31 is quite immoral, "Anyone who attempts to teach a free person of color, or slave, to spell, read or write (if convicted) be fined between
Jefferson wanted to abolish slavery but when freed they had to be removed from society since slaves took up most of Virginia’s population. In order to have a “disappearance” of an entirely black population Jefferson deported the future generation by shipping infants to Haiti. Jefferson believed deportation was the best solution because blacks and whites couldn’t coexist in America because of the nature of our color and intelligence. Blacks were “inferior” and were not capable of Christian virtue and salvation (Takaki 65). Many African Americans challenged Jefferson with evidence of what they are capable of but Jefferson refused to change his “opinion” (Takaki
Baldwin then acknowledges that they majority of leaders cannot make it into congress due to racism. He also tackles on the newspaper such as Amsterdam that is located in the black community such as seeing that it only shows rape, murder, and other types of violence. The next title “Journey to Atlanta”, goes more into depth as James Baldwin explains how the Progressive Party is not welcome in the community of Harlem. However, Baldwin describes the reason why Blacks hate politicians due to “they have been best trained to expect nothing from them; more than other Americans, they are always aware of the enormous gap between election promises and their daily lives (73).” Moreover, Baldwin transitions to jazz band located in Harlem called The Melodeers who were invited by the Progressive Party to sing in the south, Atlanta. As arriving in Atlanta, they have found that the politicians were using the group of jazz singers as a method to win non-white
Many may question the idea that a law is unjust if it is inflicted on a mass population who had no part in enacting and devising the law. In the United States, citizens would consider that predicament as a violation of democracy. However, many minorities, particular black American were inflicted by laws that were passed without a fair consensus due to simulations that limited their rights as American citizens. As a result, many black Americans risk their lives fighting for justice for the black community. Although it is one’s moral obligation to abide by the laws for the sake of humanity and harmony amongst the nation, it is unconstitutional to not hold all accountable to the same standards of this nation’s constitution.
Segregation was one of the key problems during most of the 1900s. Segregation is the enforced separation of different racial groups in a country, community, or establishment. Around the time when the the Civil War ended, slavery and segregation had been prohibited from the amendments of the U.S Constitution. Segregation was very wrong, because whites believed it was fair and equal. It was most definitely not.
Racism and legislation are tools used exclusively by whites to oppress people of color, and to keep whites in power. To begin, Angela Davis makes the point that, since the united states declared their independence, people of color have been treated as second class citizens. It began with slavery, which made it so African Americans had virtually no rights whatsoever. From there it progressed to Jim Crow laws, which were a way of taking power from blacks and keeping whites in power. They did it by giving them as few rights as tolerable, such as; blacks may not attend the same schools or even eat in the same restaurants as whites.
For example, in Ritchie v. People (1895), the Illinois Supreme Court rejected the eight-hour provision from the Law of 1893, because it violated the Fourteenth Amendment by depriving women of freedom of contract, which is derived from the due process clause (A14.1). The decision rooted from the larger political battle occuring at the time- most wealthy businesses and political leaders did not support protective laws - which led to a display of false paternity/equality by the justices. In dismay, Florence Kelley rejected that the Fourteenth Amendment could be used in such a manner, and said, “The measure to guarantee the Negro freedom from oppression has become an insuperable obstacle to the protection of women and children” (W15). In the campaign for protective rights for laborers, the ruling from Ritchie v. People marked a defeat, but not an end. In 1908, Kelley, and the NCL, sought redemption through the case of Muller v. Oregon (case description), and picked an attorney, Louis Brandeis, who “seemed like a champion to fight her battle in court” (W26).