Like a Jihad, the Crusades were postulant expeditions in the name of God, to protect the Holy Land from the Arab Muslims. Later on, the Crusades became a substantial excuse for Christians to fight anyone who was supposedly a threat for their religion. The crusaders looted every city they passed, compiling anything that could be of economic interest to them. Adding to that, even
“Were the Crusades successful in achieving their aim of reclaiming Jerusalem and maintaining the Christian presence in the Middle East (Anatolia) and the Crusader States, and how are the Crusades relevant/similar to recent events taking place in the Middle East such as America’s war on Terror and Jihadism.” The Crusades were a series of holy wars declared by the officials of the Catholic Church on the Muslim expansion and Seljuk Turks who had taken over the holy lands. Crusaders were sent off to Israel to reclaim these lands and strengthen the Christian presence in Anatolia however they were not successful in maintaining their holds and crusades following the first crusades can be considered failures. The First crusade was declared by Pope
To clarify, the crusades were military expeditions to avoid the Ottoman Empire expansion. From the viewpoint of the Christians, the Muslims were enemies of Christ and his church. It was the crusader’s task to defeat and defend against them. Some of the crusades were successful and gained Christian states like Palestine and Syria. The Islamic states were growing rapidly and those gains reversed.
The cruelties that occurred during the capture of Rome were in agreement with the convention of war, but the acts of mercy were the result of the influence of the name of Christ. In effect, City of God is a challenge to human society to choose which city it wishes to be a part of, and Augustine sees his task as clearly marking out the parameters of each choice. Augustine concludes that the purpose of history is to show the unfolding of God’s plan, which involves fostering the City of Heaven and filling it with worthy citizens. For this purpose, God initiated all of creation itself. In such a grand plan, the fall of Rome is insignificant.
The scripture texts mention Jesus as one who breaks all walls that divide humans under certain categories or label them with captions. In other words, if we are able to see God’s love manifest in the love of Christ, we would be able to understand the love of God too. On the other hand, Burton Z. Cooper states that “God has acted in Christ to redeem us.” This satisfies Jesus’ claim that our faith in Christ will help us be one in Christ as he is one in the Father, as mentioned in John 14:20. It is fascinating to note Suchocki’s words “Letting go of one world, he must participate in the creation of another.” Though this statement would mean different in the context of Simon and the prostitute, in the current context, this would deal with more than having accepted Jesus Christ, and being made new in him. This would mean to suggest that one understands the truth about Jesus as not only the Son of God, but in the current context, as one who died for the sins of the world, because God’s love is manifested in him and through his death, and that he is the risen Christ to this day.
With the break out of World War I in Europe, the Sheikh-ul-Islam declared a Jihad against the following countries; Britain, France, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro.1 The call for Jihad was directed to all Muslims around the world to stand up against their Christian temporal rulers.2 In 1914, there were 270 million Muslims around the world with only 30 million being governed by Muslims and the rest governed by other predominantly Christian nations.3 Even with the threat of “the fire of hell”, the call for Jihad was not as successful as expected. Strachan writes, “Islam was universal in its appeal, while nationalism was particular.”.4 Muslims remained divided and did not fall under one calling for Jihad and many remained loyal to their temporal rulers.
The crusades are the medieval military expeditions that pope Urban || issued to the European to stop fighting against each other and reclaim Jerusalem or the 'holy land" from the Muslims. Jerusalem was important as the saviour Jesus Christ was born there. The crusade started in the late 1000s to the 1500s. Pope Urban || convinced people to join the crusade with the promises of having their sins forgiven. Others joined for hopes of power, territory and riches.
The Christian View vs. The Muslim View of the Crusades The crusades were a set of different military actions that were sanctioned by the Catholic Church and the papacy. Their intention was to recapture Holy Lands they believed were rightfully theirs from the Muslim people that had invaded it. As any attack on a large group of people would do, every major group was affected. The Christians had their own reasons and beliefs for going on these Crusades.