After the American Civil War, slavery was abolished, unleashing a vast amount of Blacks into American society. Following the Civil War was the Reconstruction Era which empowered Blacks. For example, the 14th and 15th amendment were passed which made blacks citizens with the same rights as any other slavery and gave blacks voting rights. Southern blacks begin taking control over the states as voting privilege allowed blacks to be voted into local government position and even a senator position in the U.S Congress. However, with the end of Reconstruction by the Compromise of 1877 which removed all federal troops in the south in exchange for Hayes withdrawal from the presidential election, Southern states made new constitutions to disenfranchised the blacks.
My intention with this essay is to give a wider understanding on why the speech happened and just what impact it has had on the country. So what was the events leading up to the Speech held that morning in November 1963? In the year 1860, the republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln was sworn into office as the president of the United States.
Several compromises were made over the issue of slavery between the Three-Fifths Compromise in the Constitution and the Civil War. Most of these compromises were made in the hope of avoiding a civil war between the North and the South, but they just prolonged the inevitable battle. The Missouri Compromise was one of the first federal laws that focused solely on slavery, including the balance of slave and free states in the federal government. When Missouri applied for statehood in 1817, there was a balance in the Senate of 11 slave states and 11 free states. Debate broke out in Congress, owing to the fact that if Missouri was added as a free state or slave state, it would tip the balance towards that side with two more votes in the Senate.
Filibustering in the Senate has its origin back to “the 1850s” (“Filibuster and Cloture”), yet many landmark filibusters happened in the 20th century. For instance, in 1957 “South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond spoke continuously for twenty- four hours and eighteen minutes to prevent the passage of civil rights legislation. Thurmond still holds the record for the longest filibuster” (English 110). However, because of the time- consuming characteristic of filibusters, debates over changing the regulations to curtail
Before the ratification of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment they were not recognized as US citizens, therefore they were not allowed to vote or serve in Senate or in Congress. After the Amendments were ratified, they gained the right to vote. To protect their right, the government made a law that if the South denied blacks the right to vote, they would be punished. In the government, African-Americans started to run for political positions. Hiram Rhodes Revels was the first ever African-American to serve in the US Senate when he was elected to the US Senate to represent Mississippi in 1870 and 1871 during the Reconstruction era.
In the 1954, the U.S Supreme Court passed the separate but equal, this was basis for state-sanctioned discrimination, drawing national and international attention to African Americans plight. Civil right activists used nonviolent protest and civil disobedience to help bring around
One man, Homer Plessy refused to move to a black train car when asked. This eventually started the Plessy v. Ferguson Court Case. Plessy V. Ferguson decided the “separate but equal” doctrine, meaning that the black and whites could have separate facilities, as long as they were the same in equality. In 1890, U.S government officials decided to put the Separate Car Act into place in Louisiana.
In some cases, individuals are able to recall perfectly information that was not used extensively. Musicians, for example, can play pieces that they haven not heard or practiced for years. Furthermore, this theory's prediction, that the longer the interval of disuse between learning and recall, the less should be recalled, is being contradicted the study of Bahrick, Hall, and Berger (1996), cited in Passer, et al.(2009). The study reveals that individuals who studied Spanish in high school typically display better knowledge of the language at 15 years since the completion of the Spanish course than at 3, 5 or 10 years since completion. Another disputed theory is that of motivated forgetting.
“The Electoral College is a process, not a place (What is the).” The Electoral College has been around since the Constitution, but the reason for its existence is strange. When the Constitution was being created the Founding Fathers believed that the new found American citizens would be too stupid to govern themselves, and thus, The Electoral College was born. The Electoral College functions by giving each state a select number of votes based on population (What is the). Once each state gets their Electoral votes they must choose Electors; this is a two part process.
One of the many activities I should do in a democracy is exercise my right to vote. Theodore Roosevelt, United States president from 1901 through 1909, warns, “when the sturdy Roman plebian… who directly or indirectly sold their vote to the highest bidder, then the end of the Republic was at hand.” This means without a representative vote a democratic society will cease to exist. In the most recent election, approximately 45% of eligible voters didn’t cast their vote. This prevents nearly half of the populations opinion from being recognized.
The 15th Amendment (Amendment XV), which gave African-American men the right to vote, was inserted into the U.S. Constitution on March 30, 1870. Passed by Congress the year before, the amendment says, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Although the amendment was passed in the late 1870s, many racist practices were used to oppose African-Americans from voting, especially in the Southern States like Georgia and Alabama. After many years of racism, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 aimed to overthrow legal barricades at the state and local levels that deny African-Americans their right to vote. In the
They weren’t taking no for an answer. In March 1867, congress overturned Johnson’s state government and initiated military rule in the south. The military reconstruction act basically forced the southern states to begin to accept that black people had equal rights as they did. Apart of the act was getting blacks the right to vote. Once this happened republicans believed that the voting power of ex-slaves would bring up a revolution in the south, which is a part of the constitutional
By the end of 1819, there were eleven Free states and eleven slave states. In 1820 Maine and Missouri wanted to enter the union and Congress had to decide whether to admit them in as Free states or slave states. At the time, Missouri had about two thousand Slaves. An amendment was introduced in the House by James Tallmadge, a New York Representative to ban slavery in Missouri when the amendment was voted on and passed in the house. In the Senate where the amount of slave state representatives was equal to the amount of Free states, it became a tie.
After he was re-elected, Jackson’s vice president disagreed with Jackson that South Carolina could have the power to secede from the Union. “President Jackson was a strong believer in the states’ rights to determine their own laws. He did not, however, believe that the states had the right to threaten the existence of the Union” (Osinski, 77) This led to the resignation of Vice President Calhoun. Being the first vice president to resign from office (biography.com).