That is why Aristotle says that the happy man wants for nothing.” (Adler, p. 4). In other words, Aristotle would define happiness as the state that the life of a person has reached its completeness, which means nothing that the nature of the man desires is lacking and all that the man pursued throughout his life is fulfilled. For Epicurus, however, the definition of happiness is different. As defined by Epicurus himself, for an Epicurean to define himself happy, the fundamental requirement can be being free from pain and fear, thus the life needs to be full of pleasure. When pleasure is overwhelming, there is no more room to ask for more pleasure, thus, it is the ultimate state of happiness.
THE MEANING OF HAPPINESS ACCORDING TO AL-FĀRĀBI AND ARISTOTLE As we know, happiness is something that each of us want to achieve it in our life. Nobody from us want a biiter life. Nobody want tears in their life. Everyone should put the happiness as their goals in their life. According to dictionary, happiness means enjoyment, good fortune, pleasure, contentment and so on.
Therefore, happiness must be achieved through divine powers that allow us to become eternally fulfilled in life after death. However, pleasure can be of this world because it brings us moments of fulfillments instantly and then dies away quickly because pleasure is flawed because it is of this world and requires no divine power or god to obtain this short-lived image of fulfillment. Leonard Katz, states that pleasure is always directed to satisfy the needs of one 's self and as long as one 's own needs are met pleasure is achieved2. However, happiness, mentioned by Dan Haybron, requires one to seek the needs of others rather than their own needs in order to be
According to Aristotle, the basic philosophy behind virtue ethics is that all human good is aimed towards happiness. Aristotle argued that the goal of all of human existence is to be happy and in order to achieve that goal; one must work towards consistently improving their character. He further explains the principal of virtues and vices. Virtues are positive attributes that humans have and can develop over time to acquire happiness. There are two different types of virtues; intellectual virtues and moral virtues.
Arguments Mencius’ Argument Mencius’ argument on human nature asserts that human nature is inherently good and that all human beings have the capacity to be good. The following quotes are translations of Mencius’ argument: (Quote 1) “The nature is what is given by Heaven: one cannot learn it; one cannot acquire it by effort. Ritual and rightness are created by sages: people learn them and are capable, through effort, of bringing them to completion. What cannot be learned or acquired by effort but is within us is called the nature. What can be learned and, through effort, brought to completion is called conscious
This ecstatic form of satisfaction is typically referred to as bliss. It is like the experience of a poet when he writes about happiness and in religious writings in the sense of mystical excitement. However, Veenhoven contended and elucidated that happiness is far from the contexts of pleasure, part-satisfaction, and top-experience. Happiness is not measured based on the stimulation of the basic senses, specific domain of life, and exaggerated feeling of exhilaration. Happiness is enduring satisfaction with one’s life as a whole.
2. Utilitarians define good as net or overall happiness which is the sum of happiness and unhappiness of particular individuals. 3. Utilitarians believe that each person 's happiness is equally important. As a Utilitarian Philosopher, Bentham wrote “each person counts as one, and no one as more than one”.Mill and Duty Mill believes that Duty is an amalgamation of different feelings developed over time.
1.0 VIVEKANANDA PHILOSOPHY IN EDUCATION Knowledge is actually inherited within a person and not from external sources; it is already embedded in the human’s mind. The stimulus from education is the causes that multiply and widen the knowledge. That is why Vivekananda stated that education is actually the manifestation of the perfection already in man (1993: p.55). Manifestation actually means that something already exists and just waiting to be expressed. In other words, it is the order of making inner or hidden ability to be manifested to the best quality.
They argued that this can only be done through education. The purpose of humanism was to create a universal man who combined both, physical beauty and intellectual excellence and who would be honorable in virtually any
“Happiness is not something you postpone for the future; it is something you design for the present.” Said by Jim Rohn. Mr. Rohn’s perception of happiness is remarkably ideal. Being happy and loved is one of the most prime feelings in this world. These perceptions are what keeps you sane, keep you smiling, and what keep you driven to accomplish things in your life you never expected to. Passion promotes itself within you and sends signals throughout your body and mind to keep you fluky and acting out activities you love.