Nietzsche believes that the fear to the surroundings leads to the birth of Olympian gods and tragedy in sensitive Greek culture. Tragic heroes and the music relieve the public from the sufferings because they undertake the sorrow and burdens that the public are not able to take. However, Nietzsche accuses the scientism of ending the tragedy. The first mistake of
7). Plato brilliantly recognized that poets and playwrights yield massive amounts of power, in transforming culture and popular thinking. Unfortunately, their narratives have long celebrated protagonists whose vice and immorality dictates the plot of the narrative. Thus, Plato advocated for strict censorship in order to limit the ability for creators to impress negative values through their mediums. “Plato justified this call for censorship by asserting that man is an imitative animal and tends to become what
In Greek Tragedies, the consequences of personal integrity and unfolding the truth can often lead to fatality. In Sophocles tradgic plays, ‘Oedipus Rex’ and ‘Antigone’, this is evident. The characters in these plays, all have weaknesses of their own and they suffer a type of downfall, which is a very prominent characteristic in a Greek Tragedy. At the beginning of these plays, the main characters especially, have a need to do the right thing. Yet, little do they know that this need to help people and discover the truth will eventually lead to the death of themselves or others.
To Othello, Iago is more reputable now causing Iago is, at this point, reputable, meaning Othello will to believe anything that Iago says even if it is a lie. Iago’s psychopathic manipulations of Cassio then ultimately cause his downfall once Othello discovers that Iago has been dishonest, his punishment of torture and imprisonment at the end of the play is his downfall. Iago’s Throughout the play, since Iago is trustworthy to Othello, Iago plants seeds of jealousy in Othello’s mind. In Act Five, scene two, Othello shows the audience how he believes that Iago is “most honest” (Shakespeare 1302). After he kills Desdemona, Othello explains his reasoning to Iago’s wife, Emilia, justifying that “Cassio did top her, ask thy husband else” (Shakespeare 1360), meaning that he killed his wife because according to Iago, Cassio and
If we try to understand the context in which the philosopher is writing his analysis of tragedies, we understand the idea that for instance, as he mentions that violent scenes bring about feelings which are crucial in the making of a good tragedy. Yet, as Rorty brings to light, the way a plot is narrated would differ according to its genre in order to fulfill its function. For example, a tragedy is indeed a depiction of historical events. Yet, the contrast between a historical narration and a tragedy is the way it is narrated and portrayed. The feelings of pity and fear as brought forward by the Aristotle would also depends according to the audience, since feelings are subjective.
In Plato’s “The Apology, Socrates is on the verge of execution and must convince the jurors to make a just decision. Socrates conveys the justness of his actions through examples of what is just to the jurors as individuals, to society as a whole. He must convince them that it would be unjust to society to convict him of impiety and corruption, rather than to himself. Just actions will be analyzed with examples of courage in grave danger, how just decisions can be altered due to the irrational fear of death, and whether Socrates’ basis of his actions truly is just and compelling. In order to decide what makes an unjust action harmful, it is important to understand how one decides what is just.
The notion of challenging the state and more importantly, those in authority has not been a prevalent form of action in society. The principal reason can be attributed to the complex theme of “civic versus personal loyalties” (Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). This theme has been an essential part of human civilization and Sophocles illuminates this in his renowned play, Antigone. Within the play, Antigone as a representative of the private persons comes into direct conflict with public power. Her audacity to correct the irrationalities that violate her moral code displays those in society who are willing to feud with the state.
Neal Gabler is one of these people. Gabler’s claim that entertainment is ruining society is misguided based on the simple case of hope. Although there needs to be a fine line between reality and entertainment, both are necessary in society. Human’s need entertainment to take them to the places that reality can not. To escape the clutches of reality when reality becomes too much at once.
Oedipus’s life is bombarded with challenging decisions that lead to the exposure of his few flaws that every human possesses. Sophocles uses the trilogy of plays to examine the relationship between the Gods and man, the idea of fate, and uses Oedipus as an example of harmful traits as a precaution to readers. In ancient greek culture it was believed that fate was an inevitable path that their life was going along. Many didn’t question or challenge this, letting fate play their lives out like a
The Prince and Leviathan both show the extent to which the political power depends on the weaknesses of the people. At the same time, sharing similarities in terms of approach to the problem and the basis for its observation, the works are devoted to rather different aspects. Machiavelli focuses more on the ruler and his ability to govern or get power through the immorality or terror while pursuing his own desire for getting power or keeping it. In contrast, Hobbes shows that the immorality and disorder within the society are a result of lacking the power and could be eliminated by the social contract delivering the governance the ability to make other people conform to the existing social rules. In any case, the political ideas of Machiavelli and Hobbes are, to some extent, of the same origin and, therefore, achieve similar results in terms of defining the authority and its principles while achieving those results is rather different